Medaille "Winterschlacht im Osten 1941/42" (Ostmedaille)

The Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal (Winterschlacht im Osten 1941/1942 medaille/East Front Medal) is instituted on 26-05-1942, to reward those who had taken part in the first winter campaign in Russia between 15-11-1941 and 15-04-1942. This medal is designed by SS-Unterscharfführer Ernst Kraus and could be awarded to military personal as well as to civilians who were working for the Army, as long as they qualified for one the criteria. Because of this the Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal is one of the most awarded German awards. By the order of the OKW (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht) the awarding of this medal ceased on 04-09-1944.

The Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal is made from bunt metal or out of zinc. The medal has a round shape with a diameter of 36mm. The obverse is slightly concave and the reverse convex. At the outer edge of the medal, is a 1,5mm width flat rim, with at the inside a 1mm high lip. At the top of the medal is a stick grenade horizontally placed, with on top of that a steel German Wehrmacht helm. On the top of the helm is a small eyelet placed to accommodate the ring for the ribbon. The height measures from the top of the eyelet to the bottom of the medal 44,5mm. The image on the obverse shows a typical Wehrmacht eagle with folded wings, that in clutching a swastika in its claws. Behind the swastika is a branch of laurel leaves placed. This branch is placed diagonally and only half visible. The image on the reverse exists of the text: WINTERSCHLACHT IM OSTEN 1941/1942 with underneath another branch of laurel leaves, which is crossed by a broad sword. The medal has a gunmetal colour with the outer rim and helm being bright silver. The medal is suspended by a broad red ribbon, with in the centre a black stripe, which is flanked by two smaller white one’s. Its foundation decree stated that the red represented the bloodshed, the white stood for snow and the black for those who had fallen. Some know manufacturers are: (3) Wilhelm Deumer from Lüdenscheid, (4) Steinahuser & Lück from Lüdenscheid, (5) Hermann Wernstein from Jena-Löbstadt, (6) Fritz Zimmermann from Stuttgart, (7) Paul Meybauer from Berlin, (10) Foerster & Barth from Pforzheim, (11) Grossmann & Co from Vienna, (13) Gustav Brehmer from Markneukirchen, (15) Friedrich Orth from Vienna, (19) E. Ferdinand Wiedmann from Frankfurt, (20) C.F. Zimmermann from Pforzheim, (25) Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Hanauer Silberschmiede, (30) Hauptmünzamt from Vienna, (39) Rudolf Berge from Gablonz, (55) J.E. Hammer & Söhne from Geringswalde, (60) Katz & Deyhle from Pforzheim, (65) Klein & Quenzer from Idar-Oberstein, (73) Franz Möhnert from Gablonz, (76) Ernst Müller from Pforzheim, (80) G.H. Osang from Dresden, (88) Werner Redo from Saarlautern, (92) Josef Rückert & Sohn from Gablonz,
(93) Richard Simm & Söhne from Gablonz, (100) Rudolf Wächtler & Lange from Mittweida, (107) Carl Wild from Hamburg, (110) Otto Zappe from Gablonz,
(127) Moritz Hausch from Pforzheim, (L/55) Rudolf Wächtler & Lange from Mittweida and (L/57) B. Boerger & Co from Berlin. The most of these medal are not marked, those who are have the maker mark stamped in the ring of the ribbon.

The Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal was awarded in a blue, red or buff coloured paper bag, with the name of the award printed on it. It was awarded with a standard award document and conferment of the award was entered in the Soldbuch.

On official occasions or military parades the medal was worn suspended from its ribbon or as part of a group. During active duty only the ribbon was worn through the second buttonhole or as part of a ribbon bar. When it was worn through the buttonhole, it was put behind the ribbon of the Iron Cross 2 (Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse) or The War Merit Cross second class (Kriegsverdienstkreuz 2. Klasse) but among combat troops it is often seen after the last because of the higher prestige of the Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal.

The criteria for receiving this award were:

That the recipient had been engaged in combat for at least 2 weeks.
That the recipient spent at least 60 days in the operation area.
That the recipient inflicted a wound during combat.
When the recipient suffered serious frostbite for which the Wounded Badge 1939 in Black (Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Schwarz) was awarded. Because of this the Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal was also know as the “Frozen Meat Order.” (Gefreierfleischorden)

For Luftwaffe personal was the criteria, that they had flown at least 30 days above enemy territory.

Abel, Adolf Wilhelm* October 18th, 1914
† August 26th, 1944

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Abel, Alfred* December 31st, 1920
† January 2nd, 1943
Plot: 10 Row: 12 Grave: 1058

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Abel, Josef* January 3rd, 1914
† December 1st, 1984

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Grid List
Abbas, Horst* September 7th, 1910

Abel, Adolf Wilhelm* October 18th, 1914
† August 26th, 1944

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Abel, Alfred* December 31st, 1920
† January 2nd, 1943
Plot: 10 Row: 12 Grave: 1058

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Abel, Josef* January 3rd, 1914
† December 1st, 1984

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Abele, Arnulf* November 8th, 1914
† July 2nd, 2000

Abraham, Erich Gottfried* March 27th, 1895
† March 7th, 1971

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Abratis, Herbert Karl* March 21st, 1918
† March 29th, 1945

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Ackermann, Georg* March 2nd, 1918
† December 16th, 2007

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Adamsons, Miervaldis* June 29th, 1910
† August 23rd, 1948

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Ademeit, Horst* February 8th, 1912
† August 7th, 1944

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Adolph-Auffenberg-Komarow, Gustav* July 11th, 1887
† February 8th, 1967

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Adrario, Friedrich* November 29th, 1918
† June 25th, 2011

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Afheldt, Werner* November 18th, 1908

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Agricola, Kurt* August 15th, 1889
† December 27th, 1955

Ahrens, Albert* July 25th, 1917
† March 10th, 1980

Ahrens, Friedrich* May 6th, 1916

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Ahrens, Gerd* August 1st, 1916
† September 3rd, 2007

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Ahrens, Hinrich* March 15th, 1921
† December 31st, 2009

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Aigen, Reinhard* May 20th, 1913
† September 19th, 1943

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Albers, Hans-Peter* November 20th, 1914
† March 10th, 1956

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Alberti, von, Konrad* July 17th, 1894
† August 1st, 1967

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Alberts, Otto* February 22nd, 1893
† December 10th, 1943

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Albrecht, Egon* May 19th, 1918
† August 25th, 1944

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Albrecht, Fritz Wilhelm Karl* December 23rd, 1905
† April 29th, 1977

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Albrecht, Kurt* February 24th, 1889
† September 2nd, 1968

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Albrecht, Kurt (WH-Artillerie)* December 26th, 1895
† July 23rd, 1966

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Aldrian, Eduard* April 26th, 1888
† October 1st, 1955

Allersmeier, Heinz* March 24th, 1917
† March 23rd, 2001

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Allmacher, Friedrich "Fritz"* December 3rd, 1914
† December 26th, 1944

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Allmendinger, Karl* March 3rd, 1891
† October 2nd, 1965

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Alm, Karl* January 4th, 1919
† November 23rd, 1944

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Alm, Werner* May 4th, 1917

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Altacher, Eduard* January 24th, 1919
† May 27th, 1945
Grave: 47

Alter, Max* January 17th, 1910
† March 15th, 2001

Altermann, Karl-Heinz* June 4th, 1922
† November 26th, 2013

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Altmann, Rudolf* December 20th, 1907

Altstadt, Rudolf* January 16th, 1914
† May 27th, 1974

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Alvermann, Gustav* October 9th, 1897
† June 7th, 1942

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Amann, Herbert* October 11th, 1919
† January 12th, 1944

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Ambos, Helmuth* July 25th, 1912

Ambrosius, Lothar* May 11th, 1903
† January 9th, 1971

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Amerkamp, Siegfried* March 25th, 1920
† September 3rd, 1995

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Amlacher, Kurt* May 1st, 1921
† May 2nd, 1945

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Ammann, Franz* November 3rd, 1919
† August 18th, 1943

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Ancans, Robert* November 11th, 1919
† January 1st, 1982

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Anders, Carl Ulrich Ernst Paul* August 31st, 1893
† January 28th, 1972

Anders, Richard* January 3rd, 1915
† September 9th, 1993

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Andreae, Wolf* July 13th, 1898
† December 18th, 1991

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Andree, Harry* October 2nd, 1913
† August 15th, 1944

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Andres, Hans* April 11th, 1922
† March 25th, 1944

Andrä, Heinrich* July 8th, 1915

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Angel, Otto* February 20th, 1913
† October 14th, 2002

Angelis, de, Maximilian* October 2nd, 1889
† December 6th, 1974

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Angelmaier, Heinz* July 22nd, 1918
† January 12th, 2014

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Anneken, Udo* October 11th, 1917
† October 11th, 1997

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Ansons, Zanis* December 4th, 1911
† November 24th, 1968

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Anzinger, Max* September 2nd, 1920
† January 12th, 1944
Plot: 3 

Anzinger, Max* September 15th, 1911
† June 14th, 1944
Plot: 2 Row: 4 Grave: 86

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Apel, Heinrich* June 12th, 1913

Apelt, Fedor* October 14th, 1904
† April 15th, 1988

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Apitz, Willy* January 27th, 1916
† February 28th, 2004

Apitzsch, Karl-Arthur* October 25th, 1920
† January 1st, 1943

Appel, Heinrich* October 1st, 1920

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Arenstorff, von, Hans-Adolf* October 18th, 1895
† May 5th, 1952

Armberger, Josef* June 26th, 1920
† August 21st, 1944

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Arndt, Karl Hermann* March 10th, 1892
† December 30th, 1981

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Arnim, von, Hans-Jürgen* April 4th, 1889
† September 1st, 1962

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Arnold, Karl-Horst* March 10th, 1918

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Asbahr, Erhardt* March 14th, 1914
† July 17th, 1943

Asshoff, Bruno* February 15th, 1914

Assmann, Alois* June 3rd, 1913
† October 26th, 1987

Aster, Hans-Heinrich* October 28th, 1921

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Auberger, Josef* March 19th, 1919

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Augsberger, Franz Xaver Josef Maria "Franz"* October 10th, 1905
† March 19th, 1945

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Augustin, Hans* August 5th, 1905

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Austermann, Johannes* June 24th, 1906
† August 12th, 1973

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