Medaille "Winterschlacht im Osten 1941/42" (Ostmedaille)

The Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal (Winterschlacht im Osten 1941/1942 medaille/East Front Medal) is instituted on 26-05-1942, to reward those who had taken part in the first winter campaign in Russia between 15-11-1941 and 15-04-1942. This medal is designed by SS-Unterscharfführer Ernst Kraus and could be awarded to military personal as well as to civilians who were working for the Army, as long as they qualified for one the criteria. Because of this the Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal is one of the most awarded German awards. By the order of the OKW (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht) the awarding of this medal ceased on 04-09-1944.

The Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal is made from bunt metal or out of zinc. The medal has a round shape with a diameter of 36mm. The obverse is slightly concave and the reverse convex. At the outer edge of the medal, is a 1,5mm width flat rim, with at the inside a 1mm high lip. At the top of the medal is a stick grenade horizontally placed, with on top of that a steel German Wehrmacht helm. On the top of the helm is a small eyelet placed to accommodate the ring for the ribbon. The height measures from the top of the eyelet to the bottom of the medal 44,5mm. The image on the obverse shows a typical Wehrmacht eagle with folded wings, that in clutching a swastika in its claws. Behind the swastika is a branch of laurel leaves placed. This branch is placed diagonally and only half visible. The image on the reverse exists of the text: WINTERSCHLACHT IM OSTEN 1941/1942 with underneath another branch of laurel leaves, which is crossed by a broad sword. The medal has a gunmetal colour with the outer rim and helm being bright silver. The medal is suspended by a broad red ribbon, with in the centre a black stripe, which is flanked by two smaller white one’s. Its foundation decree stated that the red represented the bloodshed, the white stood for snow and the black for those who had fallen. Some know manufacturers are: (3) Wilhelm Deumer from Lüdenscheid, (4) Steinahuser & Lück from Lüdenscheid, (5) Hermann Wernstein from Jena-Löbstadt, (6) Fritz Zimmermann from Stuttgart, (7) Paul Meybauer from Berlin, (10) Foerster & Barth from Pforzheim, (11) Grossmann & Co from Vienna, (13) Gustav Brehmer from Markneukirchen, (15) Friedrich Orth from Vienna, (19) E. Ferdinand Wiedmann from Frankfurt, (20) C.F. Zimmermann from Pforzheim, (25) Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Hanauer Silberschmiede, (30) Hauptmünzamt from Vienna, (39) Rudolf Berge from Gablonz, (55) J.E. Hammer & Söhne from Geringswalde, (60) Katz & Deyhle from Pforzheim, (65) Klein & Quenzer from Idar-Oberstein, (73) Franz Möhnert from Gablonz, (76) Ernst Müller from Pforzheim, (80) G.H. Osang from Dresden, (88) Werner Redo from Saarlautern, (92) Josef Rückert & Sohn from Gablonz,
(93) Richard Simm & Söhne from Gablonz, (100) Rudolf Wächtler & Lange from Mittweida, (107) Carl Wild from Hamburg, (110) Otto Zappe from Gablonz,
(127) Moritz Hausch from Pforzheim, (L/55) Rudolf Wächtler & Lange from Mittweida and (L/57) B. Boerger & Co from Berlin. The most of these medal are not marked, those who are have the maker mark stamped in the ring of the ribbon.

The Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal was awarded in a blue, red or buff coloured paper bag, with the name of the award printed on it. It was awarded with a standard award document and conferment of the award was entered in the Soldbuch.

On official occasions or military parades the medal was worn suspended from its ribbon or as part of a group. During active duty only the ribbon was worn through the second buttonhole or as part of a ribbon bar. When it was worn through the buttonhole, it was put behind the ribbon of the Iron Cross 2 (Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse) or The War Merit Cross second class (Kriegsverdienstkreuz 2. Klasse) but among combat troops it is often seen after the last because of the higher prestige of the Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal.

The criteria for receiving this award were:

That the recipient had been engaged in combat for at least 2 weeks.
That the recipient spent at least 60 days in the operation area.
That the recipient inflicted a wound during combat.
When the recipient suffered serious frostbite for which the Wounded Badge 1939 in Black (Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Schwarz) was awarded. Because of this the Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal was also know as the “Frozen Meat Order.” (Gefreierfleischorden)

For Luftwaffe personal was the criteria, that they had flown at least 30 days above enemy territory.

Abel, Adolf Wilhelm* October 18th, 1914
† August 26th, 1944

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Abel, Alfred* December 31st, 1920
† January 2nd, 1943
Plot: 10 Row: 12 Grave: 1058

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Abel, Josef* January 3rd, 1914
† December 1st, 1984

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Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Raab, Paul 23-10-1943more 
Raaf, Friedrich25-03-192014-03-2002more 
Rademacher, Rudolf "Rudi"19-06-191313-06-1953 
Radowitz, von, Joseph "Josef"29-07-189901-06-1956more 
Raegener, Adolf17-02-189517-08-1983more 
Raith, Alois05-05-1920  
Raithel, Heribert14-06-191014-07-1976 
Ranck, Werner25-10-190407-12-1989more 
Rang, Peter15-01-1914 more 
Rantzau, von, Heino08-03-189402-11-1946more 
Rappholz, Walter04-06-191230-09-1991more 
Rappl, Ludwig28-01-192114-03-1997 
Rath, Hermann19-02-1905 more 
Rauch, Erwin19-10-188926-02-1969more 
Rauch, Hans01-03-189922-08-1958more 
Rauch, Josef Alois27-02-190214-08-1984more 
Raus, Erhard08-01-188903-04-1956more 
Rauser, Otto Friedrich31-10-189907-11-1977more 
Reber, Gustav-Peter05-06-191926-03-2000more 
Recke, Heinrich25-08-189018-08-1943more 
Recktenwald, Nikolaus 16-03-1944more 
Reder, Walter04-02-191526-04-1991 
Regeniter, Alfred13-01-192220-07-2016 
Rehbein, Ernst15-10-1914 more 
Rehenberg, Bernhard11-10-1916 more 
Rehhäuser, Karl28-03-191402-01-1945more 
Reich, Heinz Kurt03-07-1919 more 
Reich, Johann (9. Panzer-Division)29-07-189801-03-1945more 
Reichard, Gerhard07-03-191815-06-2003more 
Reichardt, Hans-Ludwig18-04-190402-02-1944 
Reichel, Erwin11-03-191128-02-1943more 
Reichelt, Martin18-04-190522-09-1984more 
Reichelt, Paul29-03-189815-07-1981more 
Reichert, Willy07-08-191119-10-1944more 
Reimann, Richard02-11-189228-10-1970more 
Reimar, Gustav24-04-191023-03-1945more 
Reimpell, Gerhard23-04-1910  
Rein, Siegfried Leopold Friedrich03-08-189418-01-1945more 
Reiner, Peter01-02-191405-06-1943 
Reinert, Ernst-Wilhelm02-02-191905-09-2007more 
Reinhard, Hans Wolfgang11-12-188818-01-1950more 
Reinhardt, Alfred-Hermann15-11-189714-01-1973more 
Reinhardt, Georg-Hans01-03-188722-11-1963more 
Reinhold, Leo-Hermann22-02-190626-10-1961 
Reinwald, Max01-09-190308-06-1969more 
Reiter, Hans20-04-192015-08-1944more 
Rekowski, von, Siegfried09-07-189609-05-1990more 
Remer, Otto-Ernst18-08-191204-10-1997more 
Rendulic, Dr., Lothar23-10-188717-01-1971more 
Renes, Marie24-11-192200-00-1944 
Reng, Alfons   
Rennert, Johann09-04-1917  
Rentschler, Emil Heinrich29-03-191228-12-1984more 
Rentzow, Adolf-Friedrich29-07-191701-06-1944more 
Rettlinger, Karl08-02-191314-06-1990more 
Reussner, Rudolf10-01-191818-12-1987more 
Reuter, August27-09-191109-02-1945more 
Reuter, Benno27-12-191118-12-1980more 
Reuter, Erich30-03-190430-10-1989more 
Reymann, Hellmuth24-11-189212-12-1988more 
Reyst, Martin Etienne25-11-192200-00-1944 
Rhein, Karl-Ludwig30-03-189427-03-1988more 
Richert, Johann-Georg14-04-189030-01-1946more 
Richter, Bruno23-11-191406-06-1993more 
Richter, Friedrich27-08-191016-06-1969more 
Richter, Friedrich (Grenadier-Regiment 698)  more 
Richter, Richard04-02-191720-05-1988more 
Richthofen, Freiherr von, Wolfram10-10-189512-07-1945more 
Riedel, Gerd02-10-190601-10-1997 
Riedel, Wilhelm   
Riedl, Hans (10. Infanterie-Division)21-09-189513-09-1945more 
Riedl, Karl22-08-191002-05-1943 
Riedl, Ludwig08-02-191211-02-1944 
Rieflin, Fritz05-02-192001-02-1996more 
Rieger, Johann   
Riess, Karl-Heinrich (Karl-Heinz)24-12-1916 more 
Rietscher, Georg03-12-191821-09-1991more 
Ringel, Julius16-11-188911-02-1967more 
Ringenberg, Carl12-07-1898 more 
Rinker, Otto K.13-09-191324-09-1944 
Rinklef, Karl  more 
Rintelen, Josef07-03-189714-07-1981more 
Rist, Anton11-06-1918  
Ritgen, Udo26-06-191611-10-2010more 
Rittberg, Graf von, Georg30-05-189806-06-1973more 
Ritter, Hans-Joachim14-05-1919  
Ritter, Willi08-01-1915 more 
Ritzmann, Bernhard10-05-1916  
Robarick, Ernst11-05-1916  
Rode, Werner06-11-191202-11-2002more 
Rodermans, Cor 00-00-1944 
Rodt, Eberhard04-12-189514-12-1979more 
Rodust, Werner19-06-1897  
Roesener, Paul-Gerhard14-07-1899  
Roestel, Erwin Franz Rudolf04-05-190224-11-1974 
Rohr, Günther03-07-189316-08-1966 
Rohr, von, Hans-Babo09-10-192214-02-1945more 
Romes, Nikolaus27-04-191903-04-2012more 
Rompzick, Johannes30-09-192013-03-1970more 
Rosenfelder, Albert08-01-1917 more 
Rosenow, Otto06-02-1916 more 
Rosnass, Knut 00-00-1980 
Rossol, Wilhelm-Heinrich21-03-190408-04-1943more 
Rost, von, Hans-Günther15-11-189423-03-1945more 
Roth, Matthias22-08-191711-04-1996 
Rothhaar, Willi18-10-191512-01-1998more 
Rottegger, Alfons 30-12-1942 
Rouppert, von, Ernst Günther08-08-188822-03-1944more 
Ruckser, Josef16-10-1902  
Ruge, Gerd17-08-191318-01-1997more 
Ruiter, Derk20-02-191220-02-1943 
Rupp, Claudius10-09-1919 more 
Rupp, Otto17-04-1915 more 
Rusdorf, Hans-Georg16-02-1922  
Rust, Wolfgang Gottfried Joachim15-09-191915-12-2007more 
Rutschmann, Arthur   
Rutzen, Werner03-04-1919 more 
Ruut, Oskar24-04-191603-08-1944 
Rübel, Karl16-08-189508-03-1945more 
Rychlik, Johann23-07-1909  
Rüffert, Hans02-02-1915 more 
Rüger, Wilhelm (Kradschützen-Bataillon 25)  more 
Rühle, Albert28-07-1920 more 
Rögelein, Friedrich26-06-191025-03-1999more 
Röger, Hans13-07-192012-04-2009more 
Röhricht, Edgar16-06-189211-02-1967more 
Römer, Wolfgang23-06-1910  
Röpke, Kurt29-11-189621-07-1966more 
Rødseth, Alf Henry06-09-192206-08-2009 

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