Articles

  • Article by Bob Erinkveld
  • Published on July 15th, 2016

Axmann, Arthur

Arthur Axmann was born February 18th, 1913 in Hagen, (Northern Rhineland -Westphalia) the youngest of five children of lawyer Alois Axmann and his wife Emma. In 1916, the family moved to Berlin where Alois was to work as an insurance agent until his death in 1918. In 1919 Arthur was registered in the 300 Gemeindeschule (primary school) in Berlin. Based on his excellent study results, he was upgraded and in 1922 he left with a scholarship for the Oberrealschule. This school is comparable to a gymnasium although the students were taught an elementary Latin and further received hardly any classical education.

  • Article by Kevin Prenger
  • Published on May 29th, 2017

Bayer, Hans

It was a historical first: war correspondents of a Propaganda-kompanie (PK or propaganda company) of the Wehrmacht fighting alongside front troops. "Whilst the pioneer of the shock forces cold-bloodedly aims his flamethrower without fear of death in order to break open an enemy bunker, " so Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels (Bio Goebbels) declared in May 1941, "a PK Mann will stand beside him with equal contempt of death and cold-bloodedness to record this dramatic and spectacular event in words or images." One of these PK men, called Kriegsberichter (war reporter) was the German author and journalist Thaddäus Troll, whose real name was Hans Bayer.

  • Article by Wilco Vermeer
  • Published on February 7th, 2018

Bittrich, Wilhelm

Wilhelm Bittrich was born February 26, 1894 in Wernigerode in the Harz in the federal state of Saxony-Anhalt.

  • Article by Tom Notten
  • Published on March 18th, 2013

Blaskowitz, Johannes

Johannes Blaskowitz was born on July 10th 1883 in Paterswalde , East Prussia. After receiving his 7 year education at the cadet’s school in Köslin and in Gross-Lichterfelde in Berlin he joined the Prussian army as an infantry man. In 1909 Blaskowitz went to the military academy where he graduated in 1911. After this he was assigned to a post in an infantry regiment.

  • Article by Kevin Prenger
  • Published on January 26th, 2016

Blobel, Paul

Introduction Paul Blobel was the leader of Sonderkommando 4a, a part of Einstazgruppe C. The Einsatzgruppen were tasked with executing communists, partizans, Jews and others in the Soviet Union. Blobel’s Sonderkommando 4a became notorious by the mass execution of no less than 33.771 Jews in Babi Jar, a ravine near Kiev. Blobel also commanded Aktion 1005, the operation aimed at erasing the traces of the mass extermination in the East. According to his service record, Blobel was "an energetic personality with good qualities of leadership" and because of his cruelty and bloodthirstyness he was the ideal man for all these dirty jobs. After the war he showed no remorse and hid behind the orders of his superiors he had had to obey as a soldier.

  • Article by Tom Notten
  • Published on October 19th, 2016

Bock, Fedor von

Fedor von Bock was born December 3rd 1880 in Kustrin (now Kostrzyn, Poland), and was the son of Moritz von Bock, officer in the army. His mother was a distant relative of the future Prussian Minister of War and Chief of the General Staff Von Falkenhayn.

  • Article by Wesley Dankers
  • Published on November 10th, 2015

Bormann, Martin

Martin Bormann is considered by many as "the shadow man". Whatever one may say about this nickname, it is partially correct. Bormann almost never showed up in public; yet his power within the Third Reich was considerable. In this article a biography of this man will be presented and an attempt is made to discover how vast his power really was.

  • Article by Jos Klein Heerenbrink
  • Published on January 30th, 2017

Brauchitsch, Walther von

Heinrich Alfred Hermann Walther von Brauchitsch was born October 4th, 1881 in Berlin, son of General der Kavalerie Bernhard von Brauchitsch and his wife Charlotte, born Von Gordon. He trained as a Kadett from 1895 to 1899 in the Kadettenkorps and served as squire to Empress Augusta Viktoria. After graduation, Von Brauchitsch entered service in the Königin Elisabeth Garde-Grenadier-Regiment of the Prussian army as Leutnant on March 22nd, 1900. From December 1st, 1900 onwards he was temporarily posted to 3. Garde-Feldartillerie-Regiment until his posting became definite on May 18th, 1901. Between February 10th and May 31st, 1903, Von Brauchitsch participated in II. Instruktion der Feldartillerieschule and from May 1st to 13th, he was temporarily posted to the Spandau gun factory. His appointment to adjutant to the II. Batallion 3. Garde-Feldartillerie-Regiment followed on February 5th, 1906 and to Regimentsadjudant on April 13th, 1909. On October 18th, 1909 he was promoted to Oberleutnant.

  • Article by Kevin Prenger
  • Published on November 24th, 2017

Brunner, Alois

Up to 2014, Alois Brunner was the most wanted Nazi war criminal. During World War Two, he was Adolf Eichmann’s (Bio Eichmann) closest associate and responsible for the deportation of tens of thousands of Jews to the extermination camps in Poland. In December 2005 it was assumend he was on holiday in Switzerland but he could not be tracked down.

  • Article by Wesley Dankers
  • Published on January 8th, 2014

Canaris, Wilhelm

Wilhelm Canaris is one of the most remarkable persons of the Third Reich. As head of the German military counterespionage service, the Abwehr, he made a considerable contribution to the successes of the German armed forces, especially at the beginning of the Second World War. However, he was also one of the first high ranking military who recognised the danger of Nationalsocialism and he was involved in various attempts at a coup d’état against the Adolf Hitler regime. This article is a biography of the person who showed two entirely different sides and whom one justifiably may call a born spy.

  • Article by Arnold Palthe
  • Published on November 1st, 2015

Dietrich, Joseph

Josef "Sepp" Dietrich was born May 8th, 1892 in Hawangen in Bavaria. He started his military career in 1911 in the 4th Artillery Regiment of the Bavarian army and took part with this unit in the First Wold War. He was an artilleryman but was in fact ashamed of it, later on he claimed to have been a non commissioned officer in the infantry. In the course of the war he was wounded several times and earned various decorations like the Iron Cross II and I, as well as the Verwundetenabzeichen in Schwarz (Wounded Badge in Black).

  • Article by Wilco Vermeer
  • Published on December 8th, 2015

Dönitz, Karl

Karl Dönitz was born September 16th, 1891 in Grünau, at the time a small town near Berlin and today a suburb of the German capital. His father was Emil Dönitz and his mother Anna Beyer. Karl had an elder brother Friedrich. In April 1910, Karl joined the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) and he entered service as Seekadett (midshipman). Hardly a year later, on April 15th, 1911 he was promoted to Fähnrich zur See (ensign). At the age of 22, Karl Dönitz received his commission as officer, holding the rank of Leutnant zur See (Lieutenant 3rd classs).

  • Article by Kevin Prenger
  • Published on January 22nd, 2016

Eichmann, Adolf

Introduction During Hitler’s reign over the Third Reich, some 6 million Jews were killed. This massive process of extermination was carried out by the SS (Schutzstaffel) led by Heinrich Himmler. Himmler Bio Himmler) was assisted by various Nazi officials who co-ordinated the deportation to the extermination camps. Adolf Eichmann was the most important organiser of these deportations. From the very beginning of his Nazi career, Eichmann occupied himself with Jewish matters. When he was put in charge of the Jewish Section of the Gestapo (Secret State Police) within the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA, Head Office of State Security) he became one of the most important designers of the Holocaust.

  • Article by Kevin Prenger
  • Published on August 15th, 2017

Eicke, Theodor

Theodor Eicke was born October 17, 1892 in Hüdingen in the German federal state of Lotharingen. He was the youngest of 11 children and his father, Heinrich Eicke, was a station master. After primary school he attended secondary school in Hampont. Theodor was not a good pupil, he did not finish school and exchanged the school benches for the army. In 1909, he started his career in the German Imperial Army. During the First World War he served as paymaster on the western front and was awarded the EK 2 (Iron Cross 2nd class).