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  • Article by Pieter Schlebaum
  • Published on January 25th, 2011

Bombardment of Rotterdam, March 31st, 1943

Introduction On March 31, 1943, the docks of Rotterdam were the location of a bombardment. This happened slightly to the east of the Wilton-Feijenoord shipyard. By mistake, many of the bombs were dropped on the housing estate of Bospolder-Tussendijken, instead of on the actual docks. Hundreds of locals were killed or wounded, and thousands were made homeless. Whenever people in Rotterdam speak of the bombing the city endured, they often talk about May 14, 1940 rather than of the erroneous attack of March 31, 1943. Hence, this bombardment has earned the nickname of ‘The Forgotten Bombardment.’

  • Article by Peter Kimenai
  • Published on June 23rd, 2019

Operation Source: British midget submarines against a German battleship

On May 5, 1941, Adolf Hitler personally paid a visit to the two Bismarck class battleships in Gothenhafen, the former Polish port of Gdynia on the Baltic, occupied and renamed by the Germans. 11 days later the Bismarck, accompanied by the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen, set sail from Gothenhafen to meet her destiny. Both ships had been ordered to attack Allied convoys in the North Atlantic but were being pursued by the British Home Fleet. On May 27, 1941, Bismarck was sunk by an overwhelming British force.