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Medaille "Winterschlacht im Osten 1941/42" (Ostmedaille)

The Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal (Winterschlacht im Osten 1941/1942 medaille/East Front Medal) is instituted on 26-05-1942, to reward those who had taken part in the first winter campaign in Russia between 15-11-1941 and 15-04-1942. This medal is designed by SS-Unterscharfführer Ernst Kraus and could be awarded to military personal as well as to civilians who were working for the Army, as long as they qualified for one the criteria. Because of this the Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal is one of the most awarded German awards. By the order of the OKW (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht) the awarding of this medal ceased on 04-09-1944.

The Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal is made from bunt metal or out of zinc. The medal has a round shape with a diameter of 36mm. The obverse is slightly concave and the reverse convex. At the outer edge of the medal, is a 1,5mm width flat rim, with at the inside a 1mm high lip. At the top of the medal is a stick grenade horizontally placed, with on top of that a steel German Wehrmacht helm. On the top of the helm is a small eyelet placed to accommodate the ring for the ribbon. The height measures from the top of the eyelet to the bottom of the medal 44,5mm. The image on the obverse shows a typical Wehrmacht eagle with folded wings, that in clutching a swastika in its claws. Behind the swastika is a branch of laurel leaves placed. This branch is placed diagonally and only half visible. The image on the reverse exists of the text: WINTERSCHLACHT IM OSTEN 1941/1942 with underneath another branch of laurel leaves, which is crossed by a broad sword. The medal has a gunmetal colour with the outer rim and helm being bright silver. The medal is suspended by a broad red ribbon, with in the centre a black stripe, which is flanked by two smaller white one’s. Its foundation decree stated that the red represented the bloodshed, the white stood for snow and the black for those who had fallen. Some know manufacturers are: (3) Wilhelm Deumer from Lüdenscheid, (4) Steinahuser & Lück from Lüdenscheid, (5) Hermann Wernstein from Jena-Löbstadt, (6) Fritz Zimmermann from Stuttgart, (7) Paul Meybauer from Berlin, (10) Foerster & Barth from Pforzheim, (11) Grossmann & Co from Vienna, (13) Gustav Brehmer from Markneukirchen, (15) Friedrich Orth from Vienna, (19) E. Ferdinand Wiedmann from Frankfurt, (20) C.F. Zimmermann from Pforzheim, (25) Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Hanauer Silberschmiede, (30) Hauptmünzamt from Vienna, (39) Rudolf Berge from Gablonz, (55) J.E. Hammer & Söhne from Geringswalde, (60) Katz & Deyhle from Pforzheim, (65) Klein & Quenzer from Idar-Oberstein, (73) Franz Möhnert from Gablonz, (76) Ernst Müller from Pforzheim, (80) G.H. Osang from Dresden, (88) Werner Redo from Saarlautern, (92) Josef Rückert & Sohn from Gablonz,
(93) Richard Simm & Söhne from Gablonz, (100) Rudolf Wächtler & Lange from Mittweida, (107) Carl Wild from Hamburg, (110) Otto Zappe from Gablonz,
(127) Moritz Hausch from Pforzheim, (L/55) Rudolf Wächtler & Lange from Mittweida and (L/57) B. Boerger & Co from Berlin. The most of these medal are not marked, those who are have the maker mark stamped in the ring of the ribbon.

The Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal was awarded in a blue, red or buff coloured paper bag, with the name of the award printed on it. It was awarded with a standard award document and conferment of the award was entered in the Soldbuch.

On official occasions or military parades the medal was worn suspended from its ribbon or as part of a group. During active duty only the ribbon was worn through the second buttonhole or as part of a ribbon bar. When it was worn through the buttonhole, it was put behind the ribbon of the Iron Cross 2 (Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse) or The War Merit Cross second class (Kriegsverdienstkreuz 2. Klasse) but among combat troops it is often seen after the last because of the higher prestige of the Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal.

The criteria for receiving this award were:

That the recipient had been engaged in combat for at least 2 weeks.
That the recipient spent at least 60 days in the operation area.
That the recipient inflicted a wound during combat.
When the recipient suffered serious frostbite for which the Wounded Badge 1939 in Black (Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Schwarz) was awarded. Because of this the Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal was also know as the “Frozen Meat Order.” (Gefreierfleischorden)

For Luftwaffe personal was the criteria, that they had flown at least 30 days above enemy territory.

Bidermann, Gottlob-Herbert (Gren.Reg.437)* August 28th, 1920
† September 1st, 2010

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Abel, Adolf Wilhelm (161. Infanterie-Division)* October 18th, 1914
† August 26th, 1944

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Abel, Alfred (KG 53)* December 31st, 1920
† January 2nd, 1943
Plot: 10 Row: 12 Grave: 1058

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Grid List
Kaempfe, Dieter* July 30th, 1913

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Kaestner, Robert* October 27th, 1913
† November 18th, 1990

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Kahlden, von, Wolf* September 2nd, 1901
† October 27th, 1979

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Kahle, Hans-Reinhold* July 5th, 1906

Kahler, Hans-Joachim* March 21st, 1908
† January 14th, 2000

Kainzmaier, Josef* September 18th, 1914
† February 11th, 1943

Kaiser, Georg Armont (Gren.Rgt. 233)* September 14th, 1921
† December 15th, 1942

Kaiser, Wilhelm (Stuka Geschwader 2 'Immelmann')* November 30th, 1914
† September 24th, 1993

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Kalbhenn, Heinrich* February 3rd, 1915

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Kamecke, Hans* August 18th, 1890
† October 16th, 1943

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Kaminski, Bronislav Vladislavovich* June 16th, 1899
† August 28th, 1944

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Kampf, Friedhelm* January 6th, 1910

Kaphengst, Joachim* January 29th, 1914

Kapischke, Gerhard* May 20th, 1919

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Kappis, Hans-Joachim* December 9th, 1908
† December 31st, 1970

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Kappl, Josef† June 7th, 1943

Karck, Georg* June 11th, 1911
† July 3rd, 1944
Plot: 9 Row: 27 Grave: 1876

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Karl, Franz* September 22nd, 1909
† December 16th, 1942

Karstens, Johannes* July 12th, 1914

Kaserbauer, Franz (Gren.Rgt.)* July 25th, 1915
† July 20th, 1944

Kassel, Emil* August 10th, 1913
† March 14th, 1943

Kaufmann, Ludwig* June 26th, 1917
† March 17th, 1945

Kausch, Paul-Albert 'Peter' (SS-Pz.Reg.11 'HvS')* March 3rd, 1911
† October 27th, 2001

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Kecht, Franz Joseph "Frank"* April 25th, 1914
† October 25th, 1943

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Kedzia, Ernst-Georg* November 15th, 1914
† June 16th, 1994

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Kegler, Gerhard* January 26th, 1898
† July 16th, 1986

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Keil, Jakob* May 29th, 1923
† April 16th, 1944

Keiling, Siegfried* October 28th, 1911
† April 12th, 1995

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Keiner, Adolf* December 25th, 1918
† July 26th, 1944

Keitel, Gerhard* March 15th, 1916
† November 1st, 1979

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Kelch, Franz* November 1st, 1915

Kempas, Traugott* August 27th, 1919
† March 13th, 1945

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Kendler, Rudolf* April 15th, 1914
† February 13th, 2011

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Keppler, Georg* May 7th, 1894
† June 16th, 1966

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Kepplinger, Ludwig* December 31st, 1911
† August 7th, 1944
Plot: 68 Grave: 168

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Kercher, Fritz (Panzerjäger-Abteilung 5)* September 11th, 1919
† November 12th, 2007

Kerner, Georg* January 21st, 1919
† April 5th, 1945

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Kersch, Heinrich* April 21st, 1920
† May 27th, 2001

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Kettner, Gallus† August 2nd, 1944

Kettner, Wolfgang* January 6th, 1914

Keuck, Josef* November 22nd, 1911
† October 10th, 1943

Keßler, Arthur* August 12th, 1912

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Kiefer, Wilhelm* August 7th, 1895

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Kiermeier, Josef* January 28th, 1914
† November 26th, 1942

Kierspel, Christian* November 2nd, 1914
† January 6th, 1944

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Kiesl, Eduard* October 14th, 1917
† July 5th, 1999

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Kieslich, Franz (Sturzkampfgeschwader 77)* March 17th, 1913
† August 31st, 2012

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Kiesling, Heinrich* May 31st, 1909
† June 18th, 1944

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Kiethe, Kurt* July 8th, 1908

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Kimmich, Friedrich (Grenadier-Regiment 554)* July 13th, 1890
† October 20th, 1962

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Kindsmüller, Maximilian 'Max' (Inf.Reg.437)* October 20th, 1894
† August 17th, 1943
Plot: 3 Row: 21 Grave: 1483

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Kinnemann, Horst* November 21st, 1915
† November 15th, 1943

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Kirchhoff, Stephan* November 29th, 1920
† September 11th, 1944

Kirchner, Friedrich* March 26th, 1885
† April 6th, 1960

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Kirchner, Karl* January 25th, 1922
† January 17th, 1945

Kirchner, Kurt* March 19th, 1911
† July 31st, 1944
Plot: 26 Grave: 17

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Kirnbauer, Wilhelm (KG 1 'Hindenburg')* July 2nd, 1920
† February 14th, 1942

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Kirschey, Ludwig* September 13th, 1912

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Kirschner, Ludwig* June 12th, 1904
† February 11th, 1945

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Kissel, Hans* February 19th, 1897
† November 30th, 1975

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Kistemaker, Henk* November 4th, 1922
† March 15th, 2003

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Kjelstrup, Sverre* May 20th, 1920
† October 27th, 1993

Klappenbach, Walter* May 31st, 1898

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Klappich, Günter* October 2nd, 1917
† January 22nd, 1943

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Klasing, Ernst* December 9th, 1901
† March 27th, 1977

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Klausgraber, Franz (Infanterie-Regiment 227)* October 26th, 1906
† June 11th, 1944

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Klawe, Erich* March 24th, 1906
† May 30th, 1983

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Klee, Friedrich* June 16th, 1913

Kleffel, Paul-Georg* September 7th, 1920
† February 19th, 2020

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Kleffel, Philipp (1.Infanterie-Division)* December 9th, 1887
† October 10th, 1964

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Klein, Gerhard* January 2nd, 1903
† December 20th, 1988

Klein, Karl Friedrich* May 17th, 1894
† March 1st, 1945

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Klein, Kurt* March 26th, 1913
† September 16th, 1944

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Kleinhenz, German* August 20th, 1896
† October 16th, 1969

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Kleinickel, Franz Xaver Anton* May 9th, 1918
† August 10th, 1942

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Kleinmaier, Otto* March 17th, 1921
† August 14th, 1943

Kleinschroth, Dipl.Ing., Heinrich* January 29th, 1895
† December 21st, 1965

Kleist, von, Paul Ludwig Ewald* August 8th, 1881
† October 16th, 1954

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Klemme, Hans* October 24th, 1914
† May 26th, 1996

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Kley, Helmut* January 6th, 1920

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Kliemann, Nikodemus* November 27th, 1898
† October 14th, 1964

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Klier, Andreas* October 6th, 1917
† August 26th, 1944

Klingler, Josef* October 9th, 1878
† December 26th, 1960

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Klingler, Walter* April 15th, 1919

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Kliszcz, Otto* September 27th, 1886
† September 18th, 1971

Klos, Fritz* October 22nd, 1914

Kloskowski, Karl* February 9th, 1917
† April 23rd, 1945

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Klotz, Hermann* August 18th, 1917

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Klotz, Philipp* May 15th, 1920
† August 5th, 1943
Plot: 3 Row: 4 Grave: E-63

Kluge, Gerhard* September 15th, 1908
† March 4th, 1945

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Kment, Wilhelm* March 8th, 1915

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Kmitta, Lothar* January 19th, 1921
† May 13th, 2009

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Knaack, Kurt-Hermann* December 12th, 1915
† April 6th, 1944

Knittel, Gustav* November 27th, 1914
† June 30th, 1976

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Knobelsdorff, von, Otto* March 31st, 1886
† October 21st, 1966

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Knobloch, Rudi* September 23rd, 1919

Knoche, Heinz* September 18th, 1913
† August 15th, 2004

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Knollmann, Karl-Heinz* May 28th, 1918
† February 2nd, 2010

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Knura, Heinz* February 1st, 1921

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Knüppel, Wilhelm* November 12th, 1902
† September 26th, 1968

Knöchlein, Fritz* May 17th, 1911
† January 28th, 1949

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Kober, Fritz-Helmut* May 25th, 1903

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Koboldt, Gustav* March 9th, 1899

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Koch, Walter* September 10th, 1910
† October 23rd, 1943
Grave: 8

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Kochanowski, Johannes "Hans"* May 9th, 1910
† April 4th, 1993

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Koehler, Carl-Erik* December 3rd, 1895
† December 8th, 1958

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Koenen, Jakob* July 29th, 1914
† September 17th, 1944
Plot: 14 Row: 4 Grave: 140

Koetz, Karl* February 8th, 1908
† July 11th, 1977

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Kohler, Georg* September 29th, 1911
† February 12th, 1943

Kohler, Otto* January 14th, 1919

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Kohlhaas, Ludwig* January 13th, 1905
† November 30th, 1942

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Kohlmann, Ludwig* September 4th, 1915
† July 28th, 1944
Grave: Ape

Kohlsdorfer, Hans* August 24th, 1892
† July 25th, 1969

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Kohnert, Alfred* August 11th, 1914

Kohout, Franz-Josef* August 16th, 1908
† November 21st, 1980

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Kolb, Franz Anton* May 30th, 1915
† October 26th, 1944
Plot: TFF Row: 8 Grave: 94

Kolbeck, Dr.med.dent., Rudolf* March 24th, 1889
† September 12th, 1965

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Koll, Johannes* January 30th, 1923
† August 7th, 2007

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Kollehn, Gerhard* September 8th, 1914
† December 30th, 1966

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Kolsteeg, Dick* 1923
† 1944

Konopacki, Günther* October 10th, 1921
† June 23rd, 1987

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Konrad, Rudolf* March 7th, 1891
† June 10th, 1964

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Kontny, Walter* September 16th, 1910

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Koop, Gerrit* October 25th, 1923
† 1944

Kopp, Walter (WH-Gren.Rgt. 1077)* March 21st, 1913
† October 29th, 1974

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Koppenwallner, Karl* November 19th, 1905
† October 6th, 1988

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Korn, Heinz* February 19th, 1920
† October 13th, 2000

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Kosina, Ludwig* January 4th, 1913

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Kossack, Siegfried* April 20th, 1901
† July 5th, 1963

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Koßmann, Karl-Richard* March 28th, 1899
† June 10th, 1969

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Kraas, Boris* July 23rd, 1915
† February 13th, 1945

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Kraas, Hugo-Gottfried* January 25th, 1911
† February 20th, 1980

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Kraemer, Fritz* December 12th, 1900
† June 23rd, 1959

Krag, Ernst-August* February 20th, 1915
† May 24th, 1994

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Kralemann, Friedrich* December 25th, 1914
† December 10th, 1943

Kramp, Walter* April 14th, 1914

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Kranenbrock, van, Wolfgang Bernard Horst* August 11th, 1909
† March 22nd, 1986

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Kranz, Bernhard* December 26th, 1913
† February 26th, 2005

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Kraus, Ewald* March 6th, 1902
† February 20th, 1993

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Krause, Herbert* July 20th, 1921

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Krauss, Karl* January 18th, 1914

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Krauß, Walter (LW-Sturzkampfgeschwader 2)* March 11th, 1917
† July 17th, 1943

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Kreitmair, Rudolf* May 3rd, 1914
† September 28th, 1943

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Kremerskothen, Theodor* 1904
† October 24th, 1943

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Krems, Gerhard* May 4th, 1920
† February 12th, 2017

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Kreppel, Hans* September 28th, 1898
† February 14th, 1985

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Kresken, Gerd* August 19th, 1912

Kress, Karl* December 16th, 1918

Kresse, Ludwig-Hilmar* January 7th, 1914
† June 18th, 1985

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Kreutz, Karl* September 20th, 1909
† July 27th, 1997

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Kreß, Hermann* July 23rd, 1895
† August 11th, 1943

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Kreßmann, Erwin* June 2nd, 1918
† March 19th, 2017

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Kriebel, Rainer (15. Panzer-Division)* January 19th, 1908
† December 27th, 1989

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Krieger, Friedrich Wilhelm* May 2nd, 1916
† September 1st, 1943

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Krieger, Johann (Hans)* October 23rd, 1914
† February 11th, 1943

Krieger, Werner* June 24th, 1916
† August 19th, 2005

Kriening, Herbert Kurt Eugen* January 20th, 1913
† July 16th, 1944

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Kron, Otto-Wilhelm* February 28th, 1911
† August 9th, 1955

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Krupp, Arthur* December 16th, 1917

Kruse, Ernst* October 1st, 1915
† October 5th, 1944
Plot: G Row: 6 Grave: 425

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Kruse, Gerhard* December 1st, 1918
† April 11th, 1945
Row: 1 Grave: 6

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Kruse, Heinrich* February 19th, 1916
† February 19th, 2002

Krüger, Rudolf* November 4th, 1911
† October 28th, 1972

Krützmann, Friedrich-Karl* May 19th, 1917
† May 16th, 2004

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Krämer, Christoph* August 21st, 1913
† October 6th, 1990

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Kräutler, Matthias Ferdinand* May 2nd, 1895
† September 8th, 1968

Kröger, Alfred* August 23rd, 1916
† January 31st, 1991

Kuba, Rudolf* June 15th, 1924
† September 5th, 1943

Kubel, Wilhelm* December 16th, 1917
† April 29th, 2003

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Kuhlmann, Herbert* April 7th, 1915
† November 9th, 1995

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Kuhn, Karl (Grenadier-Regiment 81)* July 26th, 1914
† May 26th, 2008

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Kuhn, Walter† February 7th, 2007

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Kuhnert, Alfred* March 19th, 1898
† November 28th, 1977

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Kult, Josef* January 20th, 1912
† February 22nd, 1943

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Kumm, Otto* October 1st, 1909
† March 23rd, 2004

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Kuntzen, Gustav-Adolf* December 23rd, 1907

Kunz, Hermann* December 12th, 1919
† March 18th, 2012

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Kurtz, Hermann* June 14th, 1898
† November 30th, 1943

Kurz, Karl* March 16th, 1920
† August 2nd, 2006

Kurze, Max* June 22nd, 1911
† November 25th, 1997

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Kutsch, Walter* September 13th, 1917

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Kutschkau, Ernst* November 23rd, 1910
† February 4th, 1947
Plot: 58 Grave: 260

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Kutzky, Reinhold* October 11th, 1895
† December 28th, 1971

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Kuzmany, Alfred* October 24th, 1893
† October 4th, 1961

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Kvale, Gunar* June 22nd, 1922

Kübler, Ludwig* September 2nd, 1889
† February 27th, 1947

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Küchler, von, Georg* May 30th, 1881
† May 25th, 1968

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Küfinger, Benno* 1923
† July 23rd, 1944

Kühlwein, Friedrich* November 29th, 1892
† September 25th, 1972

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Kühme, Kurt* October 3rd, 1910
† September 8th, 1970

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Kühn, Heinz† September 28th, 2017

Kühne, Martin* November 1st, 1918
† March 25th, 2003

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Kühnemund, Kurt* May 24th, 1915

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Kühnhauser, Sebastian* January 4th, 1908
† April 13th, 1943

Kühnhauser, Simon† September 8th, 1942

Kündiger, Herbert* August 3rd, 1910
† February 1945

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Käding, Gerhard* February 12th, 1918
† December 6th, 1943

Kämpfe, Helmut* July 31st, 1909
† June 10th, 1944
Plot: 1 Row: 6 Grave: 176

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Köchling, Friedrich* June 22nd, 1893
† June 6th, 1970

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Köhler, Franz* April 22nd, 1893

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Köhler, Helmut (WH-Grenadier)* February 22nd, 1921
† November 24th, 1943

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Köhler, Paul* June 30th, 1906

Köhler, Walter (WH-Pz.Jg.Abt. 525)* December 18th, 1912
† November 3rd, 1984

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König, Alfons* December 29th, 1898
† July 8th, 1944

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König, Botho* January 23rd, 1916
† August 22nd, 1944
Plot: 3 Row: 51 Grave: 2777

König, Eugen* September 19th, 1896
† April 8th, 1985

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König, Heinrich* November 23rd, 1908
† January 13th, 1995

Körner, Nikolaus* July 17th, 1913

Sources