On a journey of discovery to historical sites? Download the TracesOfWar app directly on Google Play or the Apple App Store.

Bronzen Kruis (BK)

The Bronze Cross was instituted on June 11th 1940. It was to become a special award for military, who behaved courageous or meritious in facing the enemy, in service for the Kingdom of the Netherlands. When civilians or foreign military acted in special interest for the safety of the Netherlands, they could also be rewarded the Bronze Cross.

The decoration could be awarded more then once. The recipient received a gold coloured Arabian number to be worn on the ribbon, that indicated the number of Bronze Crosses the recipient had received ("2", "3", etc.).

The medal is formed in the shape of a four armed cross with a total width of 29 mm. On the obverse there is a crowned "W" inside a circle with Oak Leaves on the left and laurel on the right. On the reverse is shown the same circle, but within it the year "1940" and on the arms of the cross the words "TROUW AAN / KONINGIN / EN / VADERLAND". The medal is taken from the old "Metalen Kruis 1830-1831". The ribbon is orange with a small stripe of Nassau-bleu in the middle.

At first the medal was also awarded to anyone who had received the "Eervolle Vermelding" (Mentioned in Dispatches) if they hadn’t received a Bronze Cross before. To indicate this there was a "Kroon voor Eervol Vermelden" (Gold coloured crown) being place don the ribbon of the Bronze Cross. However in 1944 there was instituted a new decoration, the Bronze Lion and all Bronze Crosses that were decorated with the mentioned in dispatches crown were replaced with the Bronze Lion.

The Bronze Cross is received after a Royal Decree that is controlled by the Commissie Dapperheidonderscheidingen van het Ministerie van Defensie (Special Committee of the Ministry of Defence) which advises the Minister of Defence and the Dutch Queen.

Abraham, Carel* August 1st, 1909
† February 15th, 1943
Plot: E Grave: 155

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Aart, van, C.  
Abdoel Sakoer  
Aken, van, F.L.J.  
Akoeilia Toreij  
Akolo  
Alan  
Allan, Leonard Arthur  
Allen, Albert  
Allen, Albert Edward  
Allison, Robert William  
Altman, G.K.  
Amahorseja, M.B.  
Amat  
Ampt, Frederik Johannes  
Analbers, Hendrikus Berend Jan  
Aroen  
Aroen  
Arriens, E.H.  
Attewell, John Herbert  
Auld, William Johnstone  
Antoni, Jean Louis Hubert Antoine25-05-189606-11-1982
Admiraal, Gijsbertus06-05-1899 
Albach, Jan Philip19-12-190312-05-1940
Andreoli, Frans George Maria Joseph23-00-190524-10-1947
Alburg, Machiel24-05-1905 
Abbink, Jan Dirk Willem Theodoor23-03-1906 
Alstede, Paulus Simon20-06-190627-02-1942
Antrim, Richard Nott17-12-190708-03-1969more
Abraham, Carel01-08-190915-02-1943
Aalst, van, Auke Karel17-09-1909 
Altena, van, Arnoldus16-04-191028-02-1980
Arendse, Pieter Arnoldus "Seakale"14-02-191207-09-1944
Aarts, Freddy29-03-1913 
Andringa, Leonardus Theodorus Cornelis "Turnip"22-11-191306-09-1944
Arriens, Theodoor Engelbert Hendrik31-12-191323-06-1997
Aar, van der, Everadus06-02-191418-09-1944
Alenson, Jacobus09-02-191422-12-2002
Abell, Louis Felix21-02-1914 
Arkel, van, Johan Albert07-07-191430-05-1972
Aalst, van, Johannes Daniël19-11-1914 
Andreoli, Joseph Maria Rudolph Herman15-01-191615-05-1984
Attinger, Leonardus M.30-03-1916 
Amstel, van, Johannes Hendrik21-11-1916 
Aernout, Regine Emile Anton26-06-1917 
Andre, Johannes Hubertus Arnoldus06-07-1917 
Aarem, van, Robbert "Bob"14-08-1917 
Arends, Regardus Cornelius05-03-191820-11-1994
Andriessen, Pieter18-03-191813-10-1998
Appelhof, Eligius Petrus29-06-191802-04-1985
Alblas, Aart Hendrik "Aramis"20-09-191807-09-1944
Adair, James Douglas17-12-191805-06-2001
Aben, Peter Johannes Cornelis "Cor"01-04-191913-07-2012
Adriaansen, Josephus "Sjef"09-06-191908-08-1944
Alers, George Adrianus16-06-191910-05-1940
Arkel, van, Jan27-08-191923-02-2011more
Andrieu, Louis Auguste François28-01-192004-03-2011
Ardenne, van, Dirk Boudewijn Willem05-02-192014-12-2013
Appriou, Jean-François25-01-192109-12-1980more
Alten, van, Jan Pieter09-10-192109-07-2015
Asch, van, Gerardus Johannes05-10-192200-00-2013
Azem, Ibrahim07-01-192410-04-1945
Appelboom, Machiel "Max"07-03-192405-11-2003more
Allin, Georges "Claude"23-03-192426-10-2016more
Arenthals, van, Machiel C.W.05-06-1925 

Sources