Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
† October 27th, 2013

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Parker, Eric William00-00-1921  
Parkin, Austin Bruce Holmes12-08-1911 more 
Parsonage, Frank   
Paton, Alexander   
Payne, George Stephen   
Pearce, Lawrence Ormsby   
Pearce, Peter Lancelot   
Pearse, Harold Victor00-07-1898 more 
Pearse, Leslie Lewis22-04-1915  
Pearson, David   
Pearson, Ernest James00-00-1920 more 
Penman, Maurice   
Perrin, Walter Alvin  more 
Petrie, Christopher Henry18-04-1889 more 
Phillips, Stuart William07-08-1913 more 
Pilkington, Eric Ernest16-09-1923  
Piper, Arthur Howard "Peter"00-00-1916 more 
Platt, Thomas Douglas Laverick00-00-1910 more 
Poole, Alfred Raymond  more 
Poublon, Charles A. M.28-05-1921 more 
Powell, James Stephen   
Poy, William George   
Poynt, Alfred Revs   
Prince, A.   
Prowd, Keith02-01-1922 more 
Purchase-Rathbone, William Harry   
Pye, George Henry   
Powell, Donald21-10-189608-08-1942more 
Peters, Frederick Thornton17-09-188913-11-1942more 
Parker, Edward Donald20-05-191016-01-1943 
Pettit, Edward Ronald26-09-190904-08-1944 
Powell, John Leonard 16-04-1945more 
Pinches, Arthur William27-03-191923-04-1945 
Powell, Arthur Glyndwr00-00-192001-05-1945 
Pauer, William Lambert00-00-189707-09-1945more 
Palliser, Arthur Francis Eric20-07-189022-02-1956more 
Purvis, Harry Alexander21-10-190523-12-1966more 
Piatkowski, Henryk Tadeusz11-07-190201-04-1969more 
Peirse, Richard Edmund Charles30-09-189205-08-1970more 
Portal, Charles Frederick Algernon "Peter"21-05-189322-04-1971more 
Plawski, Eugeniusz26-03-189523-05-1972more 
Pozyczka, Teofil12-04-191200-00-1974more 
Piron, Jean-Baptiste10-04-189604-09-1974 
Pinder, Harold Senhouse21-04-188920-12-1974more 
Pipa, Josef13-10-191502-01-1977more 
Pniak, Karol26-01-191010-11-1980more 
Petzer, Andries Francois12-01-189927-01-1983 
Patilla, Colin Seaton22-04-191910-12-1983 
Pearkes, George Randolph28-02-188830-05-1984more 
Prchal, Eduard Maximilian01-01-191104-12-1984more 
Pankhurst, Leonard Thomas26-08-190201-12-1996more 
Patton, George03-06-191412-01-1999 
Pearson, Joan Daphne Mary26-05-191125-07-2000 
Porteous, Patrick Anthony01-01-191810-10-2000more 
Patrick, Richard Cecil08-10-191728-03-2005more 
Potgieter, Thomas Ignatius14-04-191703-06-2006 
Paige, Walter Edward04-02-191701-12-2006 
Pujji, Mohinder Singh14-08-191818-09-2010more 
Pilsudka, Jadwiga28-02-192016-11-2014more 

Sources