TracesOfWar needs your help! We miss photos of important sights in the Netherlands, Belgium, France and Germany. Submit your photos to and it will be published!

Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
† October 27th, 2013

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Babington, John Herbert06-02-191124-03-1992 
Bader, Douglas Robert Stewart21-02-191005-09-1982more 
Baggott, Marjorie Emmeline09-10-191200-09-1975 
Bajyar, Shri Prabhu   
Bakalarski, Franciszek "Frank"29-01-191910-01-2013more 
Baker, Thomas Dawson00-00-1901  
Baldwin, Ernest George   
Balls, Eric07-03-192007-08-1992 
Bamberger, Cyril Stanley "Bam"04-05-191903-02-2008more 
Banks, Joseph John13-03-191828-10-1992 
Bannister, Bernard Mairris 18-01-1980 
Bannister, George   
Banwell, Keith Deamer "Tex"08-10-191825-07-1999more 
Barber, Colin Muir "Tiny"27-06-189705-05-1964more 
Barefoot, Herbert John Leslie15-05-188723-12-1958more 
Barker, William01-12-190810-12-1973 
Barnett, John Patrick23-11-190813-11-1992more 
Barron, Kenneth  more 
Barry, Claud Barrington17-01-189127-12-1951more 
Barthropp, Patrick Peter Colum09-11-192016-04-2008more 
Bartoszewski, Adolf15-01-190712-12-1990more 
Bary, Ronald Edward09-06-191512-04-1945more 
Baseden, Yvonne Jeanne de Vibraye22-01-192228-10-2017more 
Baskeyfield, John Daniel18-11-192220-09-1944more 
Bates, Edwin11-02-192131-03-1944 
Bates, Stephen Alexander00-00-190300-00-1981 
Bateson, Robert Norman10-06-191206-03-1986more 
Bateup, Herbert   
Beacham, Albert John   
Beale, Alter00-00-1907  
Beazley, Hugh John Sherard18-07-191613-06-2011 
Beck, Anthony Francis Vernon05-04-1919  
Beckwith-Smith, Merton11-07-189011-11-1942more 
Beeley, John08-02-191821-11-1941 
Bell, Bertie   
Belle, Frederick John11-07-1919  
Bennett, Raymond Stanely   
Bentley, Alfred Mulock 22-07-1999more 
Bergh, van den, Joseph Lodewijk Michel14-11-191909-10-1911more 
Bergman, Vaclav27-08-191503-12-2002more 
Bernard, Rowland Sidney 01-03-1947 
Berry, Joseph28-02-192002-10-1944more 
Berry, Ronald "Ras"03-05-191713-08-2000more 
Betts, Arnold Alexander03-10-191704-01-1952 
Betty, Thomas Victor23-09-191629-05-2001more 
Beveridge, Charles07-06-191518-12-1984 
Bilton, Arthur25-12-191125-12-1986more 
Binns, Frank 00-00-1995 
Bird-Wilson, Harold Arthur Cooper20-11-191927-12-2000more 
Bisby, Thomas Ernest   
Bissett, William Davidson07-08-189312-05-1971more 
Blackmer, Alfred Ernest   
Blackwell, Arthur Frederick10-08-191903-02-2006more 
Blackwood, James Eric   
Blair, Chandos25-02-191922-01-2011more 
Blake, Minden Vaughan "Mindy"13-02-191330-11-1981more 
Blaker, Frank Gerald08-05-192009-07-1944 
Blaney, Michael Floud14-11-191013-12-1940 
Blois, David Walter   
Bloom, Sidney Charles25-12-190510-11-2002 
Blow, Kenneth Leslie Owen00-00-192110-12-1943 
Bolton, George16-12-1909 more 
Boorman, George Henry30-03-1922  
Boothman, John Nelson19-02-190129-12-1957more 
Boswell, Arthur Thomas09-04-192014-02-2008 
Botha, Bernhorst Hermanus  more 
Bottomley, Norman Howard18-09-189113-08-1970more 
Boucher, Lewis Philip13-08-192006-07-2016 
Bowers, Dennis Ronald   
Boxer, Sir, Alan Hunter Cachemaille01-12-191626-04-1998more 
Boyd, Richard Edwin00-00-1921  
Boydell, Thomas Peter   
Boyes, Lesley Wickham29-01-1911  
Boyle, Gilbert Magnuss   
Boylen, James  more 
Bradford, John William03-12-191325-11-1999 
Brampton, John   
Branston, Henry Charles05-08-1910  
Brayson, Frederick John00-00-190400-00-1960 
Bridge, John05-02-191514-12-2006more 
Britton, Albert Henry05-01-1901  
Brock, Harold Thomas   
Brooke, Alan Francis, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke23-07-188317-06-1963more 
Broom, William13-05-1912  
Broughall, Wilmot Hagarty  more 
Brown, Anthony George  more 
Brown, Charles Henry   
Brown, Frederick William   
Brown, Henry 26-02-2006more 
Brown, John Michael00-00-191700-00-1992more 
Brown, Lester00-00-192100-00-2013 
Brown, Maurice Peter "Sneezy"17-06-191920-01-2011 
Brown, Peter   
Brown, Reginald Albert Sidney  more 
Brown, Ronald George   
Brown, Sidney00-09-1902 more 
Browning, Frederick Arthur Montague "Boy"20-10-189614-03-1965more 
Bryan, John William 00-00-2002more 
Burgham, Allen Russell29-10-192010-11-2011more 
Burke, Cornelius02-09-191625-04-1999more 
Burnett, Charles Stuart03-04-188209-04-1945more 
Burnett, Robert Lindsay "Bob"22-07-188702-07-1959more 
Burnett, Wilfred Jasper00-11-1915 more 
Burns, Arthur "Robbie"18-11-191700-06-2008 
Burns, Kenneth Halstead "Rabbie"  more 
Burra-Robinson, Lance Amigo Percy25-02-1917  
Burrow, Edgar Whittaker   
Burrowes, Edwin Fitzherbert George15-11-192217-12-1985 
Burton, Peter Wightwick   
Burton, Richard Henry29-01-192311-07-1993 
Bury, William Gledstanes "Bill"19-05-189828-07-1943more 
Bush, Basil Martin   
Buss, Frederick Herbert00-00-1914 more 
Butler, Mervyn Andrew Haldane01-07-191303-01-1976more 
Byrne, Jack  more 
Byrne, John Vincent "Jack"01-04-192110-01-2007