Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
† October 27th, 2013

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Kasperski, Wlodzimierz05-03-189407-09-1960 
Kaye, Ivon George07-06-191704-04-1993 
Kean, Edmund Henry03-06-190930-06-1977 
Kearns, Richard Stansfield Derek09-03-1920 more 
Keen, Geoffrey Frank26-03-191602-10-1992 
Kelliher, Richard01-09-191028-01-1963 
Kelly, Henry10-07-188718-01-1960more 
Kemp, William John  more 
Kenna, Edward "Ted"06-07-191908-07-2009 
Kenneally, John Patrick15-03-192127-09-2000more 
Kennedy, Joseph Shaw00-00-191417-11-1971more 
Kent, John Alexander23-06-191407-10-1985more 
Keyes, Geoffry Charles Tasker18-05-191718-11-1941more 
Khattri, Amarbahadur  more 
Kibby, William Henry15-04-190331-10-1942 
Kieffer, Philippe24-10-189920-11-1962more 
King, Dennis Aubrey   
King, Edward "Eddie"28-10-1903  
King, James Leonard26-08-192205-12-2003 
Kingcome, Charles Brian Fabris31-05-191700-02-1994more 
Kingsbury, Bruce Steel08-01-191829-08-1942more 
Kingzett, Brian02-05-191026-01-2000more 
Kirby, Colin George00-00-192300-02-2006 
Kirby, Leslie   
Kleeman, Reginald Waldemar  more 
Klufas, William James "Rip"00-00-1915 more 
Knapp, Geoffrey Alwin  more 
Knapton, Peter Alfred04-05-1921 more 
Knight, Alfred Hilton  more 
Knight, Cecil Horace   
Knilans, Hubert Clarence27-12-191701-06-2012more 
Knott, Leonard Walter "Len"   
Knox, William   
Kontrym, Boleslaw "Zmudzin"27-08-189820-01-1953more 
Kopanski, Stanislaw19-05-189523-03-1976more 
Korytowski, Karol Walerian Franciszek28-01-189211-10-1966more 
Koukal, Josef06-05-191223-02-1980more 
Kowalski, Bolkslaw  more 
Krol, Waclaw Szczepan25-12-191515-06-1991more 
Kucera, Otmar13-07-191406-06-1995more 
Kucharski, Wladyslaw26-06-191503-07-1944 
Kumaramangalam, Paramasiva Pranhakar01-07-191313-03-2000more 
Kuttelwascher, Karel Miroslav23-09-191617-08-1959more 

Sources