Defence Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal was awarded for service in the forces in non-operational areas subjected to air attack or closey threatened for at least three years service in Great Britain until 8th May 1945 or one year in territories overseas until 2 September 1945. In the case of mine and bomb disposal units the time qualification was three months and Canadians serving for one year in Newfoundland were eligible and persons serving for six months in Hong Kong were also eligible. Service in West Africa, Palestine and India, other than operational air crew, qualified also for this award. Those awarded the George Cross or the George Medal for civil defence received this award and the Home Guard also qualified for this award.

Owing to the terms of reference it was not unusual to find a person with this award who had never heard a shot fired, but a person with only the Defence Medal, for example, whilst serving in the rescue services in London earned also this award and only the man who wears this award knows why it was earned.

The award has the coinage head of King George VI on the obverse. The reverse shows the Royal Crown resting above a small oak tree and flanked by two heraldic lions. The dates 1939 and 1945 appear in the top left and right respectively on the reverse, whilst beneath are the words THE DEFENCE MEDAL. The Medal is made of a Cupro-Nickel combination. The Canadian versions however, were made of ".800 fine" silver.

The light green ribbon is 1.25 inches wide with a central stripe of orange, which is 0.5 inches wide, and a narrow black stripe in the middle of each green stripe. The orange (flame colour) represents the enemy attacks on the green land of England and the black stripes represents the black-outs.

Adair, Hugh* August 24th, 1923
† October 27th, 2013

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Macarthur, John Gordon29-06-191608-05-1988more 
MacBeth, James Stewart Fraser 00-00-1963more 
MacDonald, John Edward 00-00-1958more 
MacDonald, Mark "Lewis"   
MacDonald, Vernon Leo 00-11-1966 
Machuk, John Michael17-11-192123-11-1995 
Mackey, John Bernard16-05-192212-05-1945more 
MacLean, George29-11-191616-09-1996more 
MacLeay, Angus  more 
MacLeod, Harold Morris25-09-192222-07-2008more 
Maczek, Stanislaw Wladyslaw "Baca"31-03-189211-12-1994more 
Maffey, Percy Frederick George25-07-1919  
Magennis, James Joseph27-10-191912-02-1986more 
Magnusson, Harold Cecil22-04-192214-11-1944 
Mahaddie, Thomas Gilbert "Hamish"00-03-191116-01-1997more 
Maher, Wiliam Christopher 24-07-1946more 
Mahony, John Keefer30-06-191115-12-1990more 
Maj, Julian07-01-190729-08-1982more 
Maller, Fredrick   
Malley, James Young 'Zulu Jim'24-07-191805-06-2000more 
Mannell, Fredrick   
Mannix, Albert James   
Manvell, Robert Edward 24-06-1944 
Marks, Russell "Spike"08-12-191800-00-2001 
Marsden, Robert   
Marsh, Alan Edward05-05-191212-04-2001more 
Marsh, John Anthony 14-11-1984more 
Martin, Frederick Lawrence  more 
Martin, Harold Brownlow Morgan27-02-191803-11-1988more 
Mason, John00-00-191008-10-2005 
Matheson, Alexander Mackenzie (Brud)28-05-192015-03-1983 
Matthewman, Charles Humphrey  more 
Matza (Maza), Israel00-00-192321-08-1981 
Maund, Arthur Clinton00-00-189113-12-1942more 
Mayne, Robert Blair "Paddy"11-01-191514-12-1955more 
McClarnan, Robert   
McClelland, Mary Stephanie13-04-192417-08-2015 
McCormick, Thomas   
McDonagh, Peter27-06-1918  
McDonough, Thomas 00-00-1980 
McFarlane, Robert12-07-191419-05-2004more 
McGrogan, Frank30-09-192323-07-1967 
McIntosh, J.A.   
McKenzie Muir, Donald  more 
McKenzie, Kenneth Ross   
McKue, Douglas00-00-1914 more 
McMaster, John   
McMath, Matthew, Jr.07-09-191800-00-1993 
McNamara, Thomas Christopher04-01-1918 more 
McQueen, George Reginald   
Meaker, Derek Eustace John01-10-1922  
Mears, Arthur   
Mears, John  more 
Mellings, Frederick Thomas09-01-1913  
Melville-Jackson, George Holmes23-11-191907-03-2009more 
Menzies, John Watherston 06-07-1944 
Menzies, Stuart Graham30-01-189029-05-1968more 
Meredith, John Thomas11-01-190525-02-1964more 
Merritt, Charles Cecil Ingersoll10-11-190812-07-2000more 
Michael, Dennis David  more 
Miers, Anthony Cecil Capel11-11-190630-06-1985more 
Millen, Samuel James00-00-191416-12-1940 
Miller, Frank Robert30-04-190820-10-1997more 
Miller, Hayden Hugh James31-03-191405-07-2009more 
Miller, Ronald James21-04-191923-01-1977more 
Mills, Randolph Stuart "Milly20-10-190910-01-1996 
Mitchell, Angus Ian00-08-1921 more 
Mitchell, Kenneth Frederick   
Monteith, Rolfe   
Moore, Alfred William   
Moore, Archibald31-05-191713-05-1978 
Moore, Gregor Stephen16-04-192427-04-1944 
Moore, John William14-02-1913 more 
Morgan, Charles Wallace  more 
Morgan, Frank Reginald   
Morgenstern-Podjazd, Tadeusz09-11-189505-10-1973 
Moriarty, David John13-08-192125-04-2010 
Morley, Charles Robert   
Morris, Owen Charles00-00-1905  
Morris, Ronald 20-02-2008 
Mosedale, William Radenhurst28-03-189427-03-1971 
Moseley-Williams, Walter Read "Mose"00-00-191830-08-1945more 
Moss, John06-05-192214-10-1946more 
Mountbatten, Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas25-06-190027-08-1979more 
Movold, Gilbert04-08-190606-05-1945 
Moyse, Joseph  more 
Mrazek, Karel29-11-191005-12-1998more 
Muirhead, James Campbell   
Mullineaux, James John00-05-1918  
Munford, Dennis Steven16-09-191227-02-2002more 
Munro, John Leslie "Les"05-04-191904-08-2015more 
Munro, Ronald Lyell09-02-191928-02-2002 
Murphy, Edward   
Murray, Harold John "Harry"13-11-189822-10-1968more 
Myers, Cecil Dennison00-00-1921  

Sources