Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1.Klasse mit Schwertern

The War Merit Cross 1st. class with swords (Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1. klasse mit Schwertern), also know as the KVK 1 was instituted on 18-10-1939 by Hitler. Like the KVK 2, this award could be awarded to military personal as well as to civilians (m/f) for bravery which was not directly connected with frontline actions. For example for maintenance of frontline vehicles and equipment, outstanding performance by the civil defence and security tasks. The recipient had to have been awarded the KVK 2 before the KVK 1 could be awarded, but on special occasions it was possible that both decorations were awarded at the same time.

This award is identical in design to the KVK 2 with Swords, but is silver washed instead of bronze. The reverse is flat and has a large pin and hook construction. In some examples the mint mark is stamped on the reverse of the award or on the pin itself. There is a version in existence where the pin and hook construction has been replaced by a screw with a large screw cap. This version is similar to the Iron Cross 1 with screw back. In some cases the screw back is marked. One well known manufacturer of this screw back is: Glaser & Sohn from Dresden. (L/58) Some other well know manufacturers of the KVK 1 are Steinhauser & Lück from Lüdenscheid (4), Ferdinand Hoffstädter from Bonn am Rhein (8), Friedrich Orth from Vienna (15), Karl Gschiermeister from Vienna (50), Gottlieb & Wagner from Idar/Oberstein (52), Robert Hauschild from Pforzheim (56), Kerbach & Oesterheld from Dresden (62), Klein & Quenzer from Idar/Oberstein (65), Rudolf Richter from Schlag (89), Wilhelm Deumer WD from Lüdenscheid (L/11), Otto Schickel from Pforzheim (L/15), C.F. Zimmermann from Pforzheim (L/52) and Glaser & Sohn from Dresden (L/58).

The award was presented in a black box with a black filling with a slit to accommodate the pin. For the screw back version the filling was made in the shape of the screw back. The inside of the lid was covered with white silk, the outside bore the silhouette of the award in silver. The medal was awarded with a standard citation. The award was worn on the left breast pocket, just like the Iron Cross 1. It is estimated that a total of 483.603 decorations have been awarded during WWII.

Alt, Erich* June 26th, 1887
† August 22nd, 1966

Grid List
Bentivegni, von, Franz-Eccard* July 18th, 1896
† April 4th, 1958

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Braun, Günther* September 8th, 1908

Benicke, Fritz* August 11th, 1894
† March 14th, 1975

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Bach-Zelewski, von dem, Erich* March 1st, 1899
† March 8th, 1972

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Bachmann, Johannes* March 22nd, 1890
† April 2nd, 1945
Plot: B Row: 10 Grave: 188

Backenköhler, Otto* February 1st, 1892
† February 5th, 1967

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Bacmeister, Adolf* July 15th, 1882

Bader, Kurt* February 26th, 1899
† June 1st, 1959

Bader, Robert Hermann* March 14th, 1899
† May 9th, 1945
Plot: 79D Row: 6 Grave: 381

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Bagge af Boo, Baron, Georg Olaf* January 9th, 1915
† January 27th, 1944

Ballauff, Werner* September 21st, 1890
† January 10th, 1973

Baltzer, Robert* July 3rd, 1892
† March 8th, 1943

Bangerskis, Rudolfs* July 21st, 1878
† February 25th, 1958

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Barbie, Nikolaus "Klaus"* October 25th, 1913
† September 23rd, 1991

Barckhausen, Franz* December 21st, 1882
† May 3rd, 1956

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Barnewitz, Hans-Joachim* August 18th, 1892
† April 19th, 1965

Bartels, Albert* September 17th, 1911

Bassewitz-Behr, von, Graf Georg-Henning* March 21st, 1900
† January 31st, 1949

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Bastian, Max* August 28th, 1883
† March 11th, 1958

Bauer, Ernst* February 3rd, 1914
† March 12th, 1988

Baumeister, Wilhelm* December 7th, 1887
† January 19th, 1963

Bechstädt, Walter* August 4th, 1890

Beck, Emil* November 22nd, 1887

Becker, Alfred* August 20th, 1899

Bedenk, Albert* June 3rd, 1897
† November 21st, 1973

Behrens, Otto* November 30th, 1913
† October 9th, 1952

Benda, Hans* August 19th, 1877
† February 27th, 1951

Bennecke, Jürgen* September 12th, 1912

Benoit, Wilhelm* June 26th, 1901

Berger, Gottlob-Christian* July 16th, 1896
† January 5th, 1975

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Bertram, George* August 31st, 1882
† October 27th, 1953

Bessell, Hans* February 24th, 1893
† February 11th, 1979

Besslein, Georg-Robert* December 14th, 1911
† April 27th, 1993

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Besuden, Hermann* June 6th, 1905
† August 4th, 1988

Bieneck, Hellmuth* November 7th, 1887
† March 8th, 1972

Bierschenk, Ernst* November 4th, 1894
† January 12th, 1956

Bingler, Kurt* October 13th, 1888
† January 22nd, 1972

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Blaicher, Ernst* July 12th, 1901
† June 7th, 1978

Blaskowitz, Johannes* July 10th, 1883
† February 5th, 1948

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Bleicher, Hugo Ernst* August 9th, 1899
† August 1982

Blobel, Paul* August 13th, 1894
† June 7th, 1951

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Block, Paul* January 10th, 1895
† July 22nd, 1956

Blohm, Rudolf* September 2nd, 1885
† October 7th, 1979

Bock, Max* October 23rd, 1878
† November 12th, 1945

Bodenschatz, Karl* December 10th, 1890
† August 25th, 1979

Bodenstein, Werner* August 2nd, 1905
† July 31st, 1983

Bodensteiner, Ernst* August 7th, 1916

Boehm-Tettelbach, Alfred* March 28th, 1878
† July 12th, 1962

Boehringer, Gustav* July 7th, 1892
† February 20th, 1945

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Boesler, Walther* December 19th, 1886
† February 15th, 1957

Boetticher, von, Friedrich* October 14th, 1881
† September 28th, 1967

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Bolek, Andreas* May 3rd, 1894
† May 5th, 1945

Boner, Alfred* January 2nd, 1902
† March 5th, 1988

Bordihn, Adolf* January 14th, 1889
† January 20th, 1958

Borne, von dem, Kurt* November 24th, 1885
† January 31st, 1946

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Braeuer, Walter* November 2nd, 1880
† November 6th, 1955

Brand, Fritz* April 22nd, 1889
† November 26th, 1967

Brandenburg, Ernst Bruno* June 4th, 1883
† July 1st, 1952

Brandes, Ferdinand* April 30th, 1879
† April 19th, 1974

Brandt, Rudolf Emil Hermann* June 2nd, 1909
† June 2nd, 1948

Braun, Freiherr von, Wernher Magnus Maximilian* March 23rd, 1912
† June 16th, 1977

Brauweiler, Max* March 30th, 1883
† December 11th, 1944

Brecht, Gustav* January 9th, 1880
† 1965

Breith, Friedrich* May 25th, 1892
† July 9th, 1982

Breithaupt, Franz* December 8th, 1880
† April 29th, 1945

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Breithaupt, Wolfgang* September 19th, 1913
† October 24th, 1942

Brenner, Karl-Heinrich* May 19th, 1895
† February 15th, 1954

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Brinck, Joachim* July 8th, 1900
† June 28th, 1944

Brosien-Bueschler, Alexander* April 4th, 1905
† June 28th, 1967

Bruder, Kuno* September 20th, 1886
† October 23rd, 1964

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Brugmann, Walter* April 2nd, 1887
† June 3rd, 1944

Brummenbaum, Albert* August 31st, 1892
† 1953

Buhse, Heinz* January 3rd, 1917
† March 26th, 1945

Büchting, Andreas* January 17th, 1896
† October 24th, 1942

Bülowius, Karl* March 2nd, 1890
† March 27th, 1945

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Bülowius, Stephan* August 1st, 1895
† April 26th, 1979

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Bürger, Albert* June 13th, 1913
† March 16th, 1996

Bürger, Walter* September 24th, 1877
† September 17th, 1967

Bürkle de la Camp, Heinrich* June 3rd, 1895
† May 2nd, 1974

Bürkner, Leopold* January 29th, 1894
† July 15th, 1975

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Böhler, Lorenz* January 15th, 1885
† January 20th, 1973

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