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Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1.Klasse mit Schwertern

The War Merit Cross 1st. class with swords (Kriegsverdienstkreuz 1. klasse mit Schwertern), also know as the KVK 1 was instituted on 18-10-1939 by Hitler. Like the KVK 2, this award could be awarded to military personal as well as to civilians (m/f) for bravery which was not directly connected with frontline actions. For example for maintenance of frontline vehicles and equipment, outstanding performance by the civil defence and security tasks. The recipient had to have been awarded the KVK 2 before the KVK 1 could be awarded, but on special occasions it was possible that both decorations were awarded at the same time.

This award is identical in design to the KVK 2 with Swords, but is silver washed instead of bronze. The reverse is flat and has a large pin and hook construction. In some examples the mint mark is stamped on the reverse of the award or on the pin itself. There is a version in existence where the pin and hook construction has been replaced by a screw with a large screw cap. This version is similar to the Iron Cross 1 with screw back. In some cases the screw back is marked. One well known manufacturer of this screw back is: Glaser & Sohn from Dresden. (L/58) Some other well know manufacturers of the KVK 1 are Steinhauser & Lück from Lüdenscheid (4), Ferdinand Hoffstädter from Bonn am Rhein (8), Friedrich Orth from Vienna (15), Karl Gschiermeister from Vienna (50), Gottlieb & Wagner from Idar/Oberstein (52), Robert Hauschild from Pforzheim (56), Kerbach & Oesterheld from Dresden (62), Klein & Quenzer from Idar/Oberstein (65), Rudolf Richter from Schlag (89), Wilhelm Deumer WD from Lüdenscheid (L/11), Otto Schickel from Pforzheim (L/15), C.F. Zimmermann from Pforzheim (L/52) and Glaser & Sohn from Dresden (L/58).

The award was presented in a black box with a black filling with a slit to accommodate the pin. For the screw back version the filling was made in the shape of the screw back. The inside of the lid was covered with white silk, the outside bore the silhouette of the award in silver. The medal was awarded with a standard citation. The award was worn on the left breast pocket, just like the Iron Cross 1. It is estimated that a total of 483.603 decorations have been awarded during WWII.

Alt, Erich* June 26th, 1887
† August 22nd, 1966

Grid List
Pancke, Günther* May 1st, 1899
† August 17th, 1973

Panzinger, Friedrich "Fritz"* February 1st, 1903
† August 8th, 1959

Pape, Horst† November 8th, 1999

Papen, von, Franz* October 29th, 1879
† May 2nd, 1969

Patzig, Conrad* May 24th, 1888
† December 1st, 1975

Paul, Artur* April 11th, 1899
† December 9th, 1968

Pehle, Heinrich* May 4th, 1899

Peters, Max* June 6th, 1888
† April 11th, 1961

Pfauser, Anton-Leopold* November 10th, 1918
† November 25th, 1993

Pfrogner, Anton* September 28th, 1886
† August 2nd, 1961

Philipps, Wilhelm* July 29th, 1894
† February 13th, 1971

Plagemann, Richard* January 17th, 1893
† June 9th, 1967

Plagge, Karl* July 10th, 1897
† June 19th, 1957

Pleiger, Paul* September 29th, 1899
† July 22nd, 1985

Poggemeier, Friedrich* December 21st, 1901

Pohl, Oswald-Ludwig* June 30th, 1892
† June 7th, 1951

Pollex, Curt, Gustav, Adolf* November 16th, 1898
† September 15th, 1987

Polzius, Wilhelm* January 1st, 1900

Poske, Hans-Georg Friedrich "Fritz"* October 23rd, 1904
† October 1st, 1984

Potthoff, Erwin* January 15th, 1909

Prall, August* May 2nd, 1894

Prantl, Luwdig* February 4th, 1875
† August 15th, 1953

Prieß, Helmuth* March 6th, 1896
† October 21st, 1944

Puttkamer, von, Karl-Jesko Otto Robert* March 24th, 1900
† March 4th, 1981

Pülz, Heinrich* July 4th, 1915