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Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse

At the beginning of the Second World War, the Iron Cross 2nd Class was still highly regarded. In later war years however it was rewarded with much more ease. Still most recipients would wear the award with the same amount of proud ness. The Iron Cross 2nd Class was the first grade within the Iron Cross that was to be obtained for an individual act of bravery.

The official criteria were the individual and single act of bravery in the face of the enemy or actions that were above and beyond the normal call of duty. The approximately three million awarded crosses were obtained by German Military, Axis military and civilian uniformed organisations.

The cross measures 44 mm in diameter and hangs from a ribbon in the colours black white and red. The wide red band in the middle is being flanked by two equal white bands that both again are being flanked by a black band. During the whole war the production was retained with a high quality. On the front side one can find a Swastika and the year 1939, while the obverse contains the year 1813 on the lower arm.

Almost all World War Two crosses were made out of three parts, the Iron core and a silver rim on the front and backside. The two silver rims were welded together, holding the iron core. The core was produced from iron and was blackened. This core made the Iron Cross to be magnetized. Some examples are not magnetized because they were produced with brass or cupper. This version was especially welcome with members of the Kriegmarine. This core lasted longer in the exposure of salty sea water. The rim was supposed to be made from silver, but more common was the use of “German Silver”, a less expensive alloy of cupper, zinc and nickel. At the top a ring was welded to hold the loop for the ribbon. On the loop one can often find the manufacturers name although it is not uncommon that no name is placed. Therefore the absence of the manufacturers name is not a criterion to classify the cross as original or not.

The Iron Cross could be received in two different ways. The most exclusive way was in a leather box. More common was the bleu coloured envelop with in gothic letters the words “Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse”. The presentation was accompanied with a standard document. The receiving was also to be written down in the recipients “Soldbuch”or “Wehrpass”. The document normally didn’t contain the reason for obtaining the Cross, although in some occasions it was written down on the backside of the document.

It was not usual to wear the decoration it self. In stead a ribbon was worn on the left breast of hanging from the second button hole of the tunic in the way of the former Prussian Army.

In 1957 a special version of the cross was produced. On this the Swastika was replaced with an oak leaf. The way military actions of the Second World War could be honoured without the use of the forbidden Nazi-symbols. Most veterans however choose to wear the decoration as a ribbon only. Most 1957 versions are of a lesser quality than wartime examples.

Springer, Heinrich Adolf Leopold* November 3rd, 1914
† October 27th, 2007

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Bidermann, Gottlob-Herbert* August 28th, 1920
† September 1st, 2010

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Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Abbas, Horst (Artillerie-Regiment 114)07-09-1910 more
Abbaß, Heinz-Dietrich (Schützen-Regiment 11)16-10-191719-03-1943
Abbel, Heinrich (Infanterie-Regiment 124)  
Abbinghoff, Hugo (KG 4 'General Wever')  
Abel, Adolf Wilhelm (161. Infanterie-Division)18-10-191426-08-1944more
Abel, Alfred (KG 53)31-12-192002-01-1943more
Abel, Edmund (Radfahr-Sicherungs-Regiment 2)  
Abel, Eugen (Fallschirm-Lehr-Abteilung)20-12-1917 
Abel, Friedrich (Panzer-Abteilung 21)  
Abel, Fritz-Wilhelm (Kampfgeschwader 3 "Blitz")28-11-191902-03-1945more
Abel, Hans (Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 23)06-01-1921 
Abel, Herbert (Fern-Aufkl.Gr. 10)06-06-1918 
Abel, Josef (Infanterie-Regiment 217)03-01-191401-12-1984more
Abel, Karl (Flak)  
Abel, Ulrich, Dr. ('U-193')03-03-191223-04-1944
Abel, Walter (Grenadier-Regiment 410)  
Abel, Walter (Kampfgeschwader 55 'Greif')  
Abel, Werner Ernst Hermann (Schützen-Regiment 33)22-05-191404-10-1943
Abel, Wilhelm (Grenadier-Regiment 412)  
Abele, Anton (Nahaufklärungsgruppe 16)06-01-191527-08-1944
Abele, Arnulf (Gren.Reg. 'Hoch u. Deutschmeister')08-11-191402-07-2000
Abele, Emil (Panzer-Regiment 35)14-05-191431-07-1993
Abendroth, Heinz (Grenadier-Regiment 94)  
Abendroth, von, Ferdinand Max Karl (Pz.Abt.301)04-01-191616-07-1944
Aberle, Heinrich Ferdinand (Inf.Reg. 282)21-11-188928-12-1941
Ableiter, Walter (Grenadier-Regiment 396)22-01-192222-06-1993more
Ablinger, Alois  
Ablinger, Alois09-04-192213-06-1944
Abraham, Erich Max Robert16-11-192108-12-1943
Abraham, Richard13-04-191227-10-1944
Abraham, Willi02-12-1912 
Abraham, Wolfgang  
Abrahamczik, Rudolf17-04-192004-12-1996
Abratis, Herbert Karl21-03-191829-03-1945more
Abromeit, Heinz03-08-1918 
Abs, Gerhard, Karl, Alfred05-05-191627-06-1944more
Absmeier, Friedrich04-03-191814-01-1945
Achatz, Alois21-07-191404-02-1942
Achenbach, Heinrich 'Heinz'30-01-192005-07-1943
Achenbach, Heinz28-11-191706-05-1945more
Achilles, Albrecht Adolf Konrad15-01-191427-09-1943
Achter, Michael05-03-191605-08-1944
Achtermann, Wilhelm (Pz.Art.Reg.19)28-03-192410-04-1945
Acker, Ernst  
Acker, Hermann 'U-508'12-02-1915 
Ackeren, van, Heinrich05-01-191030-03-1944
Ackermann, Albert (s.He.Pz.Jäg.Abt.663)05-07-191500-03-1945
Ackermann, Alwin (KG 77) 12-07-1943
Ackermann, Georg12-03-191816-12-2007more
Ackermann, Heinz (Kampfgeschwader 6)  
Ackermann, Herbert29-12-191625-08-1943
Ackermann, Karl (KG 4 'General Wever')  
Adam, Hans-Hermann (Artillerie-Regiment 333)10-08-1911 more
Adam, Helmut (Sturmgeschütz-Abteilung 192)01-10-191601-12-1942
Adam, Walter (Aufklärungs-Abteilung 44)  
Adam, Walter (Divisions-Bataillon 258)02-01-1913 more
Adam, Walter (Jäger-Regiment 40)  
Adamowitsch, Felix20-11-191910-02-2013
Adamsons, Miervaldis29-06-191023-08-1948more
Adelsmair, Alois11-06-191316-02-1943
Ademeit, Horst08-02-191207-08-1944more
Adlmaier, Georg30-09-192128-05-1943
Adolff, Heinz-Paul29-06-191417-07-1943
Adolph, Günther14-11-1914 more
Adolph, Walter11-06-191318-09-1941more
Adolph, x  
Adomeit, Reinhard Erich14-07-191428-02-1945
Adrario, Friedrich29-11-191825-06-2011more
Adrian, Josef-Hubert25-09-191100-03-1945
Adrian, Leonhard30-05-191902-10-1943
Adrian, Paul  
Adrian, Peter  
Adrian, Ulrich19-03-191505-10-1941
Aechtner, Fritz04-03-191601-05-2007
Afheldt, Eckard15-08-192103-12-1999
Afheldt, Werner18-11-1908 more
Agarici, Horia06-04-191113-07-1982
Ager, Franz14-02-1915 more
Agtha, Egon August29-01-191802-05-1945
Ahlburg, Richard  
Ahlers, Bruno03-11-1915 more
Ahlert, Wilhelm05-11-1911 
Ahnert, Heinrich-Wilhelm29-04-191523-08-1942
Ahnert, Heinz17-07-1917 
Aho, Johannes Martti19-11-189621-06-1968
Ahrens, Albert25-07-191710-03-1980
Ahrens, Friedrich06-05-1916 more
Ahrens, Gerd01-08-191603-09-2007more
Ahrens, Helmut  more
Ahrens, Hermann Gustav Paul (Pio.Bat.183)02-12-191929-09-1944
Ahrens, Hinrich15-03-192131-12-2009more
Ahrens, Walter (Füsilier-Bataillon 83)24-06-191800-02-1945
Ahrens, Wilhelm "Willi"01-10-191226-08-1998more
Aichhorn, Alois18-04-192108-08-1942
Aichwalder, Josef  
Aigen, Reinhard20-05-191319-09-1943more
Aigner, Anton30-11-191416-11-1999
Aigner, Hellmuth18-12-1905 more
Aigner, Ludwig (Grenadier-Regiment 62)15-07-191604-04-2001
Aigner, Sebastian  
Aigner, Xaver 16-02-1944
Aimer, Johann (Hans)05-07-192007-03-1943
Aingst, Gottfried  
Aitzetmüller, Josef07-09-191413-08-1941
Albat, Ernst18-05-191700-00-1992
Alber, Hermann Karl (SS-Pz.Gren.Reg.20)12-11-192502-08-1944
Alber, Robert13-10-190607-06-1988
Albers, Hans (Lw-Aufklärungsgruppe)03-05-1914 
Albers, Hans (Lw-Wettererkundungsstaffel)09-05-1918 more
Albers, Hans-Peter20-11-191410-03-1956more
Albers, Hans-Wilhelm12-06-191404-06-1944more
Albers, Herbert18-11-1914 
Albers, Walter Wilhelm Fritz (SG.2 'Immelmann')17-01-192322-08-1943more
Albert, d', Benvenuto24-10-1919 
Albert, Wilhelm (Panzerjäger-Abteilung 35)24-04-191715-12-2004more
Alberts, Hermann06-03-190523-04-1988
Albiez, Wilhelm  
Albohm, Wilhelm19-03-192207-08-2001
Albowitz, Herbert  
Albrand, Walter ('M-4621')31-01-1914 
Albrecht, Egon19-05-191825-08-1944more
Albrecht, Erich  
Albrecht, Fritz Wilhelm Karl23-12-190529-04-1977more
Albrecht, Gerhard30-11-1911 
Albrecht, Hans-Joachim18-03-192000-02-1945more
Albrecht, Heino09-03-192126-10-1995
Albrecht, Oskar24-09-191413-11-1992more
Albrecht, Otto16-08-1912 
Albrecht, Reinhold  
Albrecht, Walter (Infanterie-Regiment)08-05-191423-05-1944
Albrecht, Walter (Panzer-Regiment 7)  
Albrecht, Walter (WH-Pz.Gren.Rgt. 5)  
Albrecht, Willy07-07-190709-09-1996
Albust, Rudolf28-06-191309-04-1945
Aldenhoven, Franz02-02-192306-07-1943
Aldinger, Hermann22-07-190701-11-1993
Aldrian, Eduard26-04-188801-10-1955
Aldrian, Franz20-09-1895 more
Alex, Ernst01-03-191525-10-1965more
Alexander, Heinz  
Alexy, Hans24-02-191907-06-2007
Alexy, Mathias  
Algermissen, Walter Wilhelm (Pz.Abt. 116)10-06-191528-12-1944
Allersmeier, Heinz24-03-191723-03-2001more
Alles, Konrad  
Allexi, Josef11-06-1914 
Allmacher, Friedrich "Fritz"03-12-191426-12-1944more
Allritz, Hermann (Grenadier-Regiment 53)  
Alm, Karl04-01-191923-11-1944more
Alm, Werner04-05-1917 more
Almstedt, Heinrich  
Aloè, Herbert13-07-1914 
Alpers, Friedrich Ludwig Herbert25-03-190103-09-1944more
Alsleben, Dietrich (Sturmgeschütz-Brigade 912)06-04-192022-02-1945
Altacher, Eduard24-01-191927-05-1945
Alten, von, Ernst17-04-1913 
Altenaichinger, Robert03-01-192000-02-1994
Altenburger, Günther ("U 515")19-09-191423-03-2009
Altendorf, Heinz26-02-191714-09-2008
Altendorf, Rudolf16-07-191901-01-1945
Alteneder, Dr., Friedrich07-04-190912-01-1987
Alter, Max17-01-191015-03-2001
Altermann, Karl-Heinz (Pz-Gren.Reg. 25)04-06-192226-11-2013more
Althoff, Hans-Jürgen (Kampfgeschwader 53)  
Althoff, Karl-Heinz  
Altmann, Gerhard (Kampfgeschwader 77) 00-01-1942
Altmann, Gustav (Fallschirmjäger)13-04-191220-02-1981more
Altmann, Hans (Füsilier-Bataillon 57)24-04-191520-12-1943
Altmann, Johann18-11-191902-10-1942
Altmann, Josef (Grenadier-Regiment 431)  
Altmann, Josef (Infanterie-Regiment)07-09-192104-10-1942
Altmann, Karl (Panzerjäger-Abteilung 160)01-11-191220-09-1942
Altmann, Klaus (Kampfgeschwader 100 'Wiking')15-07-191812-10-1942
Altner, Ernst-Georg04-12-190112-04-1945more
Altstadt, Rudolf16-01-191427-05-1974more
Altstädt, Erich  
Alvensleben, von, Ludolf-Hermann (SS)17-03-190101-04-1970more
Alves, Erich  
Aly, Günther  
Amado Lóriga, Santiago12-04-189031-01-1974
Aman, Hans (Infanterie-Regiment 19)28-01-191627-09-1943
Amann, Herbert (Sturmgeschütz-Abteilung 905)11-10-191912-01-1944more
Amann, Josef (Kampfgeschwader 100 'Wiking')  
Amann, Thomas (Pionier-Bataillon 157)31-08-190102-02-1944
Ambos, Helmuth25-07-1912 
Ambos, Johann "Hans"05-12-1920 more
Ambros, Walter (LW Flak-Waffen-Schule)  
Ambrosius, Dr., Lothar Adolf Heinrich11-05-190309-01-1971more
Ambrosius, Wilhelm14-06-190319-09-1955more
Ambrosy, Gerhard  
Ameiser, Anton01-08-190720-02-1976
Amelung, Günther08-04-191429-03-1944
Amelung, Heinz-Günther09-04-191726-12-1964
Amerkamp, Siegfried25-03-192003-09-1995more
Ametsreiter, Ferdinand17-02-192107-03-1944
Amlacher, Kurt01-05-192102-05-1945more
Amling, Fritz17-01-191606-03-1994
Amling, Hans  more
Amling, Willi  
Ammann, Franz (Grenadier-Regiment 256)03-11-191918-08-1943more
Ammann, Lothar Harry Arthur (Pz-Gren.Reg.101)12-08-190205-02-1943
Ammann, Paul (KG 4 "General Wever")05-08-192009-08-1991more
Ammeling, Bernhard22-01-191708-07-1943more
Ammer, Hermann (Grenadier-Regiment 62)08-03-191409-12-2000more
Ammermann, Rolf (Kriegsmarine)13-07-190923-03-1945
Ammon, Friedrich  
Ammon, Lothar (Sturmgeschütz-Abteilung 190)  
Amsberg, von, Joachim (Grenadier-Regiment 502)28-12-190327-05-1981more
Amsel, Georg  
Amthor, Richard  
Amtmann, Baptist (Kampfgeschwader 54 'Totenkopf ')22-02-192001-01-1945
Amtmann, Hans Leonard (Waffen SS)20-05-1919 
Anacker, Friedrich (Sturmgeschütz-Abteilung 191)  
Ancans, Robert11-11-191901-01-1982more
Anders, Friedrich04-11-191707-03-1988
Anders, Georg  
Anders, Gerd28-02-1919 
Anders, Heinz  
Anders, Max  
Anders, Richard03-01-191509-09-1993more
Anders, Walter ("U-365")30-01-1920 
Anders, Walter (Lw-Kampfgeschwader 3)  
Anders, Walter (Lw-Kampfgeschwader x)  
Andersch, Eugen19-12-1911 
Andersen, Ernst-August (Pio.Btl.196)20-07-1914 
Andersen, Klaus19-10-1918 
Andexer, Günther  
Anding, Friedrich26-06-191507-02-1996more
Andorfer, Anton23-12-191911-04-1945more
Andorfer, Rudolf16-04-192103-06-1943
André, Harro19-06-191702-03-1943
André, Heinrich  
Andree, Harry02-10-191315-08-1944more
Andrei, Tudor25-03-1915 
Andres, Ernst19-09-192111-02-1945more
Andres, Hans11-04-192225-03-1944
Andres, Josef 31-01-1945
Andresen, Julius10-01-1915 
Andrews, Walter (Panzergrenadier-Regiment 361)  
Androw, Otto  
Andrä, Heinrich08-07-1915 more
Andrä, Heinz03-09-1921 
Angel, Otto20-02-191314-10-2002
Angelmaier, Heinz (Sturmgeschütz-Brigade 279)22-07-191812-01-2014more
Angerbauer, Alfred (Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 100)  
Angerer, Fritz 16-02-1943
Angerer, Hermann Ignaz (Artillerie-Regiment 96)02-12-189312-02-1942
Angermaier, Josef30-04-191723-03-1943
Angermann, Wilhelm (Artillerie-Regiment 225)23-04-1897 
Angerstein, Otto  
Anhalt, Günther (SS-Polizei-Rgt. 2)23-01-190627-04-1945more
Anhalt, Wilhelm28-03-191713-06-1979more
Aniol, Georg  
Aniszewski, Bruno26-03-1919 
Anlauft, Karl-Heinz15-05-191600-00-1977
Anneken, Udo11-10-191711-10-1997more
Annuss, Gottfried Julius Karl09-03-191227-10-1985
Anselm, Karl14-04-1913 
Ansons, Zanis04-12-191124-11-1968more
Antes, Paul  
Anton, Heinz 02-09-1943
Antonescu, Ion Victor02-06-188201-06-1946more
Antrup, Wilhelm "Willy"01-02-191014-11-1984more
Anzenhofer, Hermann (Pz-Aufklär.-Abt.17)05-06-192425-04-1945
Anzinger, Max02-09-192012-01-1944
Anzinger, Max15-09-191114-06-1944more
Apel, Heinrich12-06-1913 
Apel, Heinrich  
Apelt, Fedor Johannes14-10-190415-04-1988more
Aperats, Karlis04-03-189216-07-1944
Apfelbaum, Erwin (Panzerjäger-Abteilung 158)  
Apitz, Hans11-07-192012-05-1942
Apitz, Willy27-01-191628-02-2004
Apitzsch, Karl-Arthur25-10-192001-01-1943
Apollot, François  
Appel, Heinrich01-10-1920 more
Appel, Ludwig  
Appelmann, Friedrich (Aufklärungsgruppe 32)12-11-1915 
Appelt, Horst19-12-1915 more
Appen, von, Karl  
Apsel, Friedrich  
Arendt, Kurt Dietrich Paul08-10-191709-01-1945
Arendt, Velten-Reinhardt28-03-191923-03-1945more
Arent, Peter Nikolaus26-06-191703-12-1942
Arentschildt, von, Alexander27-04-191122-06-1999
Argast, Ernst  
Arhens, Karl (Panzerjäger-Abteilung 8)  
Arius, Manfred (Panzer-Regiment 29)  
Arlow, Burghard06-11-191423-04-1945
Armberger, Josef26-06-192021-08-1944more
Armbruster, Walter (Jäger-Regiment 56)09-12-191405-04-1942
Armer, Josef24-12-1916 
Armstark, Hugo Maximilian08-06-191914-08-1942
Arndt, Bruno  
Arndt, Fritz (Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 32)01-06-191012-03-2003more
Arndt, Georg08-03-1908 
Arndt, Johannes07-10-190606-07-1944more
Arndt, Karl  
Arnhold, Rudolf  
Arnim, von, Georg  
Arnold, Alfred (SS Sturmbannführer)02-01-191510-10-1944more
Arnold, Franz  
Arnold, Friedrich (WH-Sturmgeschütz)10-05-191901-09-2006more
Arnold, Heinrich  
Arnold, Heinz12-02-1919 
Arnold, Herbert Friedrich (Panzer-Regiment 3)01-01-191403-01-1945more
Arnold, Karl-Horst10-03-1918 more
Arnold, Walter ("U-530")12-07-1920 
Arntz, Helmut  
Arpke, Helmut20-03-191716-01-1942
Artopoeus, Bernhard  
Artus, Hans  
Asbahr, Erhardt14-03-191417-07-1943
Asböck, Otto25-03-192614-11-1944
Aschenbach, Bernhard31-05-1912 
Aschenbrenner, Eugen  
Ascher, Dietrich23-04-192308-10-2010
Ascherfeld, Willy21-03-191013-04-1945
Aschermann, Hartmut (Panzer-Regiment 6)12-11-192113-05-2009
Aschmann, Otto (Luftwaffe)01-03-1908 
Aschmann, Rudolf26-10-1921 
Aselmann, Helmut (Grenadier-Regiment 974)  
Asendorf, Wilhelm (Panzergrenadier-Regiment 76)27-11-1920 more
Asinger, Hermann (Reichsgrenadier-Regiment)  
Asshoff, Bruno15-02-1914 
Assmann, Adolf (Panzer-Regiment 5)  
Assmann, Alois (Panzerjäger-Abteilung 61)05-06-191326-10-1987more
Assmann, Heinz15-08-190415-10-1954more
Astegher, Hans15-07-1916 
Aster, Hans-Heinrich28-10-1921 more
Attenberger, Franz-Xaver (Artillerie-Regiment 114)19-07-191509-08-1991more
Attenberger, Georg (Infanterie-Regiment 19)  
Atzl, Hermann (Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 136)  
Au, von der, Friedrich  
Aubeck, Josef23-08-191712-02-1942
Auberger, Josef (Infanterie-Regiment 61)19-03-191908-04-2010more
Aubrecht, Hermann  more
Audenrieth, Georg20-07-191715-01-1999
Audorff, Paul06-02-190417-01-1981more
Auer, Erwin  
Auer, Heinrich  
Auer, Karl20-10-191631-03-1997more
Auer, Ludwig  
Auer, Otto  
Auer, Rupert  
Auerbach, Alfons04-02-192304-02-1944
Auerhammer, Otto  
Auert, Heinz11-06-192118-02-2002more
Auffanger, Manfred19-09-192310-08-1943
Auffermann, Albrecht (Pionier-Bataillon 101)05-08-191825-03-1966
Auffermann, Hans Jürgen01-10-191408-07-1943
Aufhammer, Fritz28-11-191414-06-2002
Auge, Wilhelm 22-01-1989
Augenstein, Hans-Heinz11-07-192106-12-1944
Augsberger, Franz Xaver Josef Maria "Franz"10-10-190519-03-1945more
August, Karl  
Augustin, Franz06-07-192006-03-1944
Augustin, Hans05-08-190504-10-2000more
Augustin, Hermann (Transportgeschwader 4)  
Augustin, Lothar  
Aulepp, Hermann (Flak-Regiment 411)17-08-190300-05-1945
Aulerich, Werner14-01-191609-04-1945
Aulinger, Michael14-09-191522-11-1941
Aulock, von, Johannes Heini Maria06-12-191509-06-1993
Auner, Kurt05-05-1914 
Auras, Wolfgang  
Aust, Friedrich  
Aust, Willi  
Austen, Hans27-07-191824-01-1994more
Austermann, Johannes (Grenadier-Regiment 1146)24-06-190612-08-1973more
Autenrieth, Hans 08-06-1996
Autti, Pietari Aleksanteri17-08-189323-10-1959more
Ax, Adolf23-06-190606-02-1983
Axmann, Artur (Arthur)15-02-191324-10-1996more
Axthammer, Erich Michael03-12-192021-12-2015
Axtmann, Fritz (Infanterie-Regiment 20)07-12-191413-09-1943more
Axtmann, Walter (Grenadier-Regiment 287)  
Ayerle, Ludwig  
Aßmann, Erich (schwere Artillerie-Abteilung 526)  

Sources