Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse

At the beginning of the Second World War, the Iron Cross 2nd Class was still highly regarded. In later war years however it was rewarded with much more ease. Still most recipients would wear the award with the same amount of proud ness. The Iron Cross 2nd Class was the first grade within the Iron Cross that was to be obtained for an individual act of bravery.

The official criteria were the individual and single act of bravery in the face of the enemy or actions that were above and beyond the normal call of duty. The approximately three million awarded crosses were obtained by German Military, Axis military and civilian uniformed organisations.

The cross measures 44 mm in diameter and hangs from a ribbon in the colours black white and red. The wide red band in the middle is being flanked by two equal white bands that both again are being flanked by a black band. During the whole war the production was retained with a high quality. On the front side one can find a Swastika and the year 1939, while the obverse contains the year 1813 on the lower arm.

Almost all World War Two crosses were made out of three parts, the Iron core and a silver rim on the front and backside. The two silver rims were welded together, holding the iron core. The core was produced from iron and was blackened. This core made the Iron Cross to be magnetized. Some examples are not magnetized because they were produced with brass or cupper. This version was especially welcome with members of the Kriegmarine. This core lasted longer in the exposure of salty sea water. The rim was supposed to be made from silver, but more common was the use of “German Silver”, a less expensive alloy of cupper, zinc and nickel. At the top a ring was welded to hold the loop for the ribbon. On the loop one can often find the manufacturers name although it is not uncommon that no name is placed. Therefore the absence of the manufacturers name is not a criterion to classify the cross as original or not.

The Iron Cross could be received in two different ways. The most exclusive way was in a leather box. More common was the bleu coloured envelop with in gothic letters the words “Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse”. The presentation was accompanied with a standard document. The receiving was also to be written down in the recipients “Soldbuch”or “Wehrpass”. The document normally didn’t contain the reason for obtaining the Cross, although in some occasions it was written down on the backside of the document.

It was not usual to wear the decoration it self. In stead a ribbon was worn on the left breast of hanging from the second button hole of the tunic in the way of the former Prussian Army.

In 1957 a special version of the cross was produced. On this the Swastika was replaced with an oak leaf. The way military actions of the Second World War could be honoured without the use of the forbidden Nazi-symbols. Most veterans however choose to wear the decoration as a ribbon only. Most 1957 versions are of a lesser quality than wartime examples.

Springer, Heinrich Adolf Leopold* November 3rd, 1914
† October 27th, 2007

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Borchers, Adolf* February 10th, 1913
† February 9th, 1996

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Grid List
Abbas, Horst* September 7th, 1910

Abel, Adolf Wilhelm* October 18th, 1914
† August 26th, 1944

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Abel, Dr., Ulrich* March 3rd, 1912
† April 23rd, 1944

Abel, Fritz-Wilhelm* November 28th, 1919
† March 2nd, 1945

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Abel, Josef* January 3rd, 1914
† December 1st, 1984

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Abele, Arnulf* November 8th, 1914
† July 2nd, 2000

Abendroth, von, Ferdinand Max Karl* January 4th, 1916
† July 16th, 1944

Abraham, Erich Max Robert* November 16th, 1921
† December 8th, 1943

Abrahamczik, Rudolf* April 17th, 1920
† December 4th, 1996

Abratis, Herbert Karl* March 21st, 1918
† March 29th, 1945

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Abromeit, Heinz* August 3rd, 1918

Achilles, Albrecht Adolf Konrad* January 15th, 1914
† September 27th, 1943

Ackermann, Georg* March 2nd, 1918
† December 16th, 2007

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Ackermann, Herbert* December 29th, 1916
† August 25th, 1943

Adam, Hans-Hermann* August 10th, 1911

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Adam, Helmut* October 1st, 1916
† December 1st, 1942

Adamowitsch, Felix* November 20th, 1919
† February 10th, 2013

Adamsons, Miervaldis* June 29th, 1910
† August 23rd, 1948

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Ademeit, Horst* February 8th, 1912
† August 7th, 1944

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Adolff, Heinz-Paul* June 29th, 1914
† July 17th, 1943
Plot: 4 Row: 6 Grave: 1-27

Adolph, Walter* June 11th, 1913
† September 18th, 1941
Plot: 38 Grave: 459

Adrario, Friedrich* November 29th, 1918
† June 25th, 2011

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Adrian, Josef-Hubert* September 25th, 1911
† March 1945

Adrian, Ulrich* March 19th, 1915
† October 5th, 1941
Plot: 14 Row: 4 Grave: 254

Aechtner, Fritz* March 4th, 1916
† May 1st, 2007

Afheldt, Eckard* August 15th, 1921
† December 3rd, 1999

Agarici, Horia* April 6th, 1911
† July 13th, 1982

Ager, Franz* February 14th, 1915

Aghta, Egon August* January 29th, 1918
† May 2nd, 1945

Ahlers, Bruno* November 3rd, 1915

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Ahnert, Heinrich-Wilhelm* April 29th, 1915
† August 23rd, 1942

Ahnert, Heinz* July 17th, 1917

Aho, Johannes Martti* November 19th, 1896
† June 21st, 1968

Ahrens, Albert* July 25th, 1917
† March 10th, 1980

Ahrens, Friedrich* May 6th, 1916

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Ahrens, Gerd* August 1st, 1916
† September 3rd, 2007

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Ahrens, Hinrich* March 15th, 1921
† December 31st, 2009

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Ahrens, Wilhelm "Willi"* October 1st, 1912
† August 26th, 1998

Aigen, Reinhard* May 20th, 1913
† September 19th, 1943

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Aigner, Anton* November 30th, 1914
† November 16th, 1999

Aigner, Hellmuth* December 18th, 1905

Aigner, Ludwig* July 15th, 1916

Albat, Ernst* May 18th, 1917
† 1992

Alber, Hermann* November 12th, 1915
† August 2nd, 1944

Alber, Robert* October 13th, 1906
† June 7th, 1988

Albers, Hans-Peter* November 20th, 1914
† March 10th, 1956

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Albers, Hans-Wilhelm* June 12th, 1914
† June 4th, 1944

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Albert, d', Benvenuto* October 24th, 1919

Albert, Wilhelm* April 24th, 1917
† December 15th, 2004

Albohm, Wilhelm* March 19th, 1922
† August 7th, 2001

Albrecht, Egon* May 19th, 1918
† August 25th, 1944

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Albrecht, Fritz Wilhelm Karl* December 23rd, 1905
† April 29th, 1977

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Albrecht, Hans-Joachim* March 18th, 1920
† February 1945

Albrecht, Heino* March 9th, 1921
† October 26th, 1995

Albrecht, Oskar* September 24th, 1914
† November 13th, 1992

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Albrecht, Otto* August 16th, 1912

Albrecht, Walter* May 8th, 1914
† May 23rd, 1944

Albrecht, Willy* July 7th, 1907
† September 9th, 1996

Albust, Rudolf* June 28th, 1913
† April 9th, 1945

Aldenhoven, Franz* February 2nd, 1923
† July 6th, 1943

Aldinger, Hermann* July 22nd, 1907
† November 1st, 1993

Aldrian, Franz* September 20th, 1895

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Alex, Ernst* March 1st, 1915
† October 25th, 1965

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Alexy, Hans* February 24th, 1919
† June 7th, 2007

Allersmeier, Heinz* March 24th, 1917
† March 23rd, 2001

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Allexi, Josef* June 11th, 1914

Allmacher, Friedrich "Fritz"* December 3rd, 1914
† December 26th, 1944

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Alm, Karl* January 4th, 1919
† November 23rd, 1944

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Alpers, Friedrich Ludwig Herbert* March 25th, 1901
† September 3rd, 1944

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Alsleben, Dietrich* April 6th, 1920
† February 22nd, 1945
Plot: N Row: 9 Grave: 364

Altacher, Eduard* January 24th, 1919
† May 27th, 1945
Grave: 47

Altenaichinger, Robert* January 3rd, 1920
† February 1994

Altenburger, Günther* September 19th, 1914
† March 23rd, 2009

Altendorf, Heinz* February 26th, 1917
† September 14th, 2008

Altendorf, Rudolf* July 16th, 1919
† January 1st, 1945
Plot: CS Row: 7 Grave: 164

Alteneder, Dr., Friedrich* April 7th, 1909
† January 12th, 1987

Alter, Max* January 17th, 1910
† March 15th, 2001

Altermann, Karl-Heinz* June 4th, 1922
† November 26th, 2013

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Altmann, Gustav* April 13th, 1912
† February 20th, 1981

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Altner, Ernst-Georg* December 4th, 1901
† April 12th, 1945

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Altstadt, Rudolf* January 16th, 1914
† May 27th, 1974

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Amado Lóriga, Santiago* April 12th, 1890
† January 31st, 1974

Amann, Herbert* October 11th, 1919
† January 12th, 1944

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Amann, Thomas* August 31st, 1901
† February 2nd, 1944

Ambrosius, Lothar* May 11th, 1903
† January 9th, 1971

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Ambrosius, Wilhelm* June 14th, 1903
† September 19th, 1955

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Ameiser, Anton* August 1st, 1907
† February 20th, 1976

Amelung, Günther* April 8th, 1914
† March 29th, 1944

Amelung, Heinz-Günther* April 9th, 1917
† December 26th, 1964

Amerkamp, Siegfried* March 25th, 1920
† September 3rd, 1995

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Amlacher, Kurt* May 1st, 1921
† May 2nd, 1945

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Amling, Fritz* January 17th, 1916
† March 6th, 1994

Ammann, Franz* November 3rd, 1919
† August 18th, 1943

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Ammann, Paul* August 5th, 1920
† August 9th, 1991

Ammeling, Bernhard* January 22nd, 1917
† July 8th, 1943

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Ammer, Hermann* March 8th, 1914
† December 9th, 2000

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Ammermann, Rolf* July 13th, 1909
† March 23rd, 1945

Amsberg, von, Joachim* December 28th, 1903
† May 27th, 1981

Ancans, Robert* November 11th, 1919
† January 1st, 1982

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Anders, Friedrich* November 4th, 1917
† March 7th, 1988

Anders, Richard* January 3rd, 1915
† September 9th, 1993

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Andersen, Klaus* October 19th, 1918

Anding, Friedrich* June 26th, 1915
† February 7th, 1996

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Andorfer, Anton* December 23rd, 1919
† April 11th, 1945

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André, Harro* June 19th, 1917
† March 2nd, 1943

Andree, Harry* October 2nd, 1913
† August 15th, 1944

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Andrei, Tudor* March 25th, 1915

Andres, Ernst* September 19th, 1921
† February 11th, 1945
Row: 2re Grave: 17

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Andres, Hans* April 11th, 1922
† March 25th, 1944

Andrä, Heinrich* July 8th, 1915

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Andrä, Heinz* September 3rd, 1921

Angel, Otto* February 20th, 1913
† October 14th, 2002

Angelmaier, Heinz* July 22nd, 1918
† January 12th, 2014

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Anhalt, Günther* January 23rd, 1906
† April 27th, 1945

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Anhalt, Wilhelm* March 28th, 1917
† June 13th, 1979

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Aniszewski, Bruno* March 26th, 1919

Anlauft, Karl-Heinz* May 15th, 1916
† 1977

Anneken, Udo* October 11th, 1917
† October 11th, 1997

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Annuss, Gottfried Julius Karl* March 9th, 1912
† October 27th, 1985

Ansons, Zanis* December 4th, 1911
† November 24th, 1968

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Antrup, Wilhelm "Willy"* February 1st, 1910
† November 14th, 1984

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Anzenhofer, Hermann* June 5th, 1924
† April 25th, 1945
Plot: 2 Row: 3 Grave: 86

Anzinger, Max* September 2nd, 1920
† January 12th, 1944
Plot: 3 

Anzinger, Max* September 15th, 1911
† June 14th, 1944
Plot: 2 Row: 4 Grave: 86

Anzinger, Max* September 2nd, 1920
† January 12th, 1944
Plot: 3 

Anzinger, Max* September 15th, 1911
† June 14th, 1944
Plot: 2 Row: 4 Grave: 86

Anzinger, Max* September 2nd, 1920
† January 12th, 1944
Plot: 3 

Anzinger, Max* September 15th, 1911
† June 14th, 1944
Plot: 2 Row: 4 Grave: 86

Anzinger, Max* September 2nd, 1920
† January 12th, 1944
Plot: 3 

Anzinger, Max* September 15th, 1911
† June 14th, 1944
Plot: 2 Row: 4 Grave: 86

Anzinger, Max* September 2nd, 1920
† January 12th, 1944
Plot: 3 

Anzinger, Max* September 15th, 1911
† June 14th, 1944
Plot: 2 Row: 4 Grave: 86

Anzinger, Max* September 2nd, 1920
† January 12th, 1944
Plot: 3 

Anzinger, Max* September 15th, 1911
† June 14th, 1944
Plot: 2 Row: 4 Grave: 86

Apel, Heinrich* June 12th, 1913

Apelt, Fedor* October 14th, 1904
† April 15th, 1988

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Aperats, Karlis* March 4th, 1892
† July 16th, 1944

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Apitz, Willy* January 27th, 1916
† February 28th, 2004

Apitzsch, Karl-Arthur* October 25th, 1920
† January 1st, 1943

Appel, Heinrich* October 1st, 1920

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Appelt, Horst* December 19th, 1915

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Arendt, Kurt Dietrich Paul* October 8th, 1917
† January 9th, 1945

Arendt, Velten-Reinhardt* March 28th, 1919
† March 23rd, 1945
Plot: R Row: 13 Grave: 561

Arent, Peter Nikolaus* June 26th, 1917
† December 3rd, 1942
Plot: 4A Grave: 5

Arentschildt, von, Alexander* April 27th, 1911
† June 22nd, 1999

Arlow, Burghard* November 6th, 1914
† April 23rd, 1945
Plot: AE Row: 2 Grave: 40

Armberger, Josef* June 26th, 1920
† August 21st, 1944

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Arndt, Fritz* June 1st, 1910
† March 12th, 2003

Arndt, Johannes* October 7th, 1906
† July 6th, 1944

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Arnold, Friedrich (WH-Sturmgeschütz)* May 10th, 1919
† September 1st, 2006

Arnold, Heinz* February 12th, 1919

Arnold, Karl-Horst* March 10th, 1918

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Arpke, Helmut* March 3rd, 1917
† January 16th, 1942

Asbahr, Erhardt* March 14th, 1914
† July 17th, 1943

Asböck, Otto* March 25th, 1926
† November 14th, 1944
Plot: Q Row: 6 Grave: 135

Ascher, Dietrich* April 23rd, 1923
† October 8th, 2010

Ascherfeld, Willy* March 21st, 1910
† April 13th, 1945

Asendorf, Wilhelm* November 27th, 1920

Asshoff, Bruno* February 15th, 1914

Assmann, Alois* June 3rd, 1913
† October 26th, 1987

Astegher, Hans* July 15th, 1916

Aster, Hans-Heinrich* October 28th, 1921

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Attenberger, Franz-Xaver* July 19th, 1915
† August 9th, 1991

Auberger, Josef* March 19th, 1919

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Audenrieth, Georg* July 20th, 1917
† January 15th, 1999

Audorff, Paul* February 6th, 1904
† January 17th, 1981

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Auer, Karl* October 20th, 1916
† March 31st, 1997

Auerbach, Alfons* February 4th, 1923
† February 4th, 1944
Plot: CF Row: 3 Grave: 51

Auert, Heinz* June 11th, 1921
† February 18th, 2002

Auffhammer, Fritz* November 28th, 1914
† June 14th, 2002

Auge, Wilhelm† January 22nd, 1989

Augenstein, Hans-Heinz* July 11th, 1921
† December 6th, 1944

Augsberger, Franz Xaver Josef Maria "Franz"* October 10th, 1905
† March 19th, 1945

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Augustin, Hans* August 5th, 1905

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Aulerich, Werner* January 14th, 1916
† April 9th, 1945

Auner, Kurt* May 5th, 1914

Austen, Hans* July 27th, 1918
† January 24th, 1994

Austermann, Johannes* June 24th, 1906
† August 12th, 1973

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Autenrieth, Hans† June 8th, 1996

Autti, Pietari Aleksanteri* August 17th, 1893
† October 23rd, 1959

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Ax, Adolf* June 23rd, 1906
† February 6th, 1983

Axmann, Artur "Arthur"* February 15th, 1913
† October 24th, 1996

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Axthammer, Erich Michael* December 3rd, 1920
† December 21st, 2015

Axtmann, Fritz* December 7th, 1914
† September 13th, 1943