Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse

At the beginning of the Second World War, the Iron Cross 2nd Class was still highly regarded. In later war years however it was rewarded with much more ease. Still most recipients would wear the award with the same amount of proud ness. The Iron Cross 2nd Class was the first grade within the Iron Cross that was to be obtained for an individual act of bravery.

The official criteria were the individual and single act of bravery in the face of the enemy or actions that were above and beyond the normal call of duty. The approximately three million awarded crosses were obtained by German Military, Axis military and civilian uniformed organisations.

The cross measures 44 mm in diameter and hangs from a ribbon in the colours black white and red. The wide red band in the middle is being flanked by two equal white bands that both again are being flanked by a black band. During the whole war the production was retained with a high quality. On the front side one can find a Swastika and the year 1939, while the obverse contains the year 1813 on the lower arm.

Almost all World War Two crosses were made out of three parts, the Iron core and a silver rim on the front and backside. The two silver rims were welded together, holding the iron core. The core was produced from iron and was blackened. This core made the Iron Cross to be magnetized. Some examples are not magnetized because they were produced with brass or cupper. This version was especially welcome with members of the Kriegmarine. This core lasted longer in the exposure of salty sea water. The rim was supposed to be made from silver, but more common was the use of “German Silver”, a less expensive alloy of cupper, zinc and nickel. At the top a ring was welded to hold the loop for the ribbon. On the loop one can often find the manufacturers name although it is not uncommon that no name is placed. Therefore the absence of the manufacturers name is not a criterion to classify the cross as original or not.

The Iron Cross could be received in two different ways. The most exclusive way was in a leather box. More common was the bleu coloured envelop with in gothic letters the words “Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse”. The presentation was accompanied with a standard document. The receiving was also to be written down in the recipients “Soldbuch”or “Wehrpass”. The document normally didn’t contain the reason for obtaining the Cross, although in some occasions it was written down on the backside of the document.

It was not usual to wear the decoration it self. In stead a ribbon was worn on the left breast of hanging from the second button hole of the tunic in the way of the former Prussian Army.

In 1957 a special version of the cross was produced. On this the Swastika was replaced with an oak leaf. The way military actions of the Second World War could be honoured without the use of the forbidden Nazi-symbols. Most veterans however choose to wear the decoration as a ribbon only. Most 1957 versions are of a lesser quality than wartime examples.

Springer, Heinrich Adolf Leopold* November 3rd, 1914
† October 27th, 2007

Borchers, Adolf* February 10th, 1913
† February 9th, 1996

Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Fabeck, von, Hans-Wolfgang   
Faber, von, Wilhelm   
Fabian, Heinz-Otto01-03-191816-09-1990 
Fabian, Otto   
Fabich, Maximilian "Max"08-09-191407-08-1988 
Fabinger, Heinz  more 
Fabritius, Albert31-01-191412-06-2001more 
Fach, Ernst06-07-191215-05-1943 
Fackler, Siegfried25-08-191426-07-1944 
Faderl, Dr., Josef   
Faforke, Theodor14-12-1902  
Fahrbach, Erwin   
Fahrenberg, Wolfgang26-09-190830-07-1971 
Fahrenholz, Alfred04-11-191721-05-1989 
Fahrion, Wilhelm12-10-1893  
Falck, Karl   
Falck, Wolfgang19-08-191013-03-2007 
Falk, Alois   
Falk, Ernst27-10-192028-06-1998 
Falk, Wilhelm 16-07-1942more 
Falke, Hans16-06-1920  
Falkenhausen, von, Ernst-Herbert03-03-191521-01-1985more 
Falkenhayn, von, Günter16-09-192003-01-1944 
Falkenstein, Freiherr von, Sigismund14-09-190302-06-1972 
Falkenthal, Dr., Horst   
Famula, Günther14-12-191522-04-1944 
Fanderl, Georg06-08-191704-01-1953 
Fankanowsky, Edwin   
Farnhammer, Josef   
Fasel, Lothar15-04-1915  
Fasel, Walter07-06-191913-08-2013more 
Fassbender, Alfred13-01-1912  
Fassong, von, Horst-Günther27-04-191901-01-1945 
Fasterding, Wilhelm   
Fatalibeyli, Abdurrahman12-06-190822-11-1954 
Fath, Fridolin01-05-190817-03-1987 
Fatin, Jean09-07-191704-08-1999 
Faulhaber, Josef19-11-1919  
Faulhaber, Markus22-07-191411-05-1945 
Faulmüller, Klaus Georg21-06-191725-10-1943 
Faulstich, Ludwig   
Faust, Fritz23-10-1910  
Faust, Hans (WH-Jg.Rgt. 56)   
Faust, Hans (WH-Radf.Abt. 72 )   
Fauth, Jakob   
Fechner, Fritz16-12-191306-04-1990 
Fechner, Heinz13-12-192003-02-1945more 
Fechner, Hermann (WH-Gren.Rgt. 413)   
Fechner, Konrad01-11-191827-07-2013 
Fecht, von der, Karl-August03-10-191404-08-1976 
Fecia di Cossato, Carlo Conte25-09-190827-08-1944more 
Feddersen, Johannes   
Federau, Johannes   
Federwisch, Heinz 27-05-2014 
Fege, Kurt19-12-1912  
Fegelein, Hermann-Otto30-10-190629-04-1945more 
Fegelein, Waldemar09-01-191220-11-2000 
Fehlbaum, Franz   
Fehler, Johann-Heinrich20-09-191015-05-1993 
Fehlhaber, Erwin27-07-1911  
Fehr, Erich11-12-190513-07-1944 
Fehre, Siegfried05-06-191723-01-1944 
Fehrmann, Rudolf   
Feibicke, Otto   
Feichtenschlager, Ferdinand12-01-192629-05-1944 
Feiertag, Heinz20-12-1914  
Feiertag, Paul20-08-191630-11-1999 
Feike, Bernhard   
Feiler, Gerhard06-09-1909  
Feiler, Karl   
Feils, Gisbert   
Felber, Ferdinand   
Felbinger, Erich   
Felbinger, Ritter, von, Karl   
Felder, Paul10-09-191907-09-2012 
Felder, Wendelin24-06-191523-10-1943 
Feldkamp, Heinrich14-08-191313-02-1985 
Feldmann, Alfred20-02-191514-01-1943 
Feldmeijer, Johannes Hendrik30-11-191022-02-1945 
Feldschmid, Josef   
Feldt, Gustav Waldemar Klaus14-04-191207-09-2010more 
Felgenhauer, Rudolf11-03-190908-06-1990 
Felgenhauer, Waldemar09-02-191416-11-1963 
Felka, x   
Feller, Fritz18-06-191605-01-1945 
Feller, Georg-Wolfgang09-07-191523-03-1991 
Fellerer, Leopold07-06-191915-07-1968 
Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer07-05-191814-10-2001more 
Fellmann, Erich20-04-191514-01-2004 
Fellmer, Reinhold   
Fellner, Franz15-09-191931-08-1944 
Fels, Alfred22-08-190709-07-1996 
Fels, Konrad09-04-192008-03-2006 
Felsche, Heinz  more 
Felscher, Wilhelm   
Felser, Walter   
Felten, Peter05-11-192226-04-1980 
Felzmann, Maximilian22-04-189408-06-1962 
Fend, Anton   
Fendesack, Hans21-01-191416-08-1944 
Fenet, Henri-Joseph11-06-191914-08-2002 
Fengewisch, Karl10-03-1922  
Fengler, Franz23-11-1914  
Fenn, Heinz-Konrad20-07-1918  
Fenner, Karl   
Fenski, Günther02-01-190723-11-1941 
Fenski, Horst-Arno03-11-191810-02-1965 
Fenzl, Friedrich "Fritz"11-01-190901-08-1942 
Fernau, Hans-Georg29-12-191724-02-1973 
Ferro, Otto24-01-191124-12-1943 
Feser, Raimund   
Festner, Heinz  more 
Fett, Hans21-04-191502-02-1985 
Fett, Helmut23-12-190323-02-1944 
Fetting, Willi   
Feuerer, Alois17-02-191005-07-1944 
Feuerer, Karl Peter04-12-191712-03-1944 
Feuerlein, Georg   
Feuerstack, Werner   
Feuker, Gerhard20-04-190630-11-1942 
Feurle, Otto 16-04-1943 
Feurstein, Valentin18-01-188508-06-1970more 
Feussner, Wilhelm09-02-191304-09-1943 
Fey, Wilhelm "Willy"25-09-191829-04-2002 
Feßmann, Fritz25-12-191311-10-1944more 
Fick, Ernst13-08-191227-07-1942 
Fick, Jacob17-01-191222-04-2004 
Fickel, Helmut27-11-192106-04-2005more 
Fieberg, Eberhard   
Fiebig, Erich Walter Herbert26-01-191327-02-2000 
Fiebig, Gerhard08-03-1918  
Fiederer, Wilhelm13-09-190616-09-1942 
Fiedler, Alexander10-08-192204-10-1970 
Fiedler, Arno   
Fiedler, Hans17-07-191116-05-1957 
Fiedler, Hans01-12-191906-07-1997 
Fiedler, Johann28-04-192223-09-1999 
Fiedler, Walter26-04-192630-04-1945 
Fieger, Georg20-06-1903  
Fieghofer, Karl28-10-1916  
Fiesel, Mathias29-12-1917  
Figge, Heinrich   
Filius, Ernst20-07-191630-03-1944 
Fils, Rudolf   
Filusch, Josef   
Fimberger, Franz   
Fimmen, Kurt04-05-191106-05-2001 
Finck, Walter   
Fincke, Walter04-04-1918  
Findewirth, Siegfried01-09-191412-09-1943more 
Finger, Karl-Heinz   
Fink, Günter17-03-191815-05-1943 
Fink, Heribert   
Fink, Josef12-01-192519-03-1986 
Fink, Karl-Heinrich01-04-192223-04-1980more 
Fink, Kurt   
Finkbeiner, Wilhelm02-07-191618-02-1989 
Finke, Andreas27-04-191302-09-1944 
Finke, Friedrich   
Finke, Heinz08-02-192007-12-1996more 
Finkenzeller, Rudolf 24-04-1945 
Finselberger, Robert   
Fircks, Freiherr von, Friedrich08-11-191530-08-1944 
Firfas, Franz   
Firmenich, Werner   
Fischbach, Adolf06-08-192016-11-1972 
Fischel, von, Unno05-11-191512-01-1942 
Fischer, Alfons06-03-191809-02-1942 
Fischer, Alfred14-12-190728-07-1945more 
Fischer, Andreas (WH-Gren.Rgt. (mot.) 41)09-10-1916  
Fischer, Claus28-06-1913  
Fischer, Edgar26-07-192320-08-1943 
Fischer, Erich   
Fischer, Erich (Sturm-Regiment 14)01-12-192029-10-1966 
Fischer, Erwin14-08-191210-12-1996 
Fischer, Franz (Führer-Begleit-Division)13-12-191506-11-1970 
Fischer, Friedrich   
Fischer, Gerhard (23. Panzer-Division)04-12-191509-08-2014more 
Fischer, Gerhard (Waffen-SS)12-11-192201-01-2013 
Fischer, Hans (WH-Pi.Btl. 47)   
Fischer, Hans (WH-Pz.Gren.Rgt 6)   
Fischer, Hans-Heinz07-04-191100-05-1980 
Fischer, Heinrich   
Fischer, Heinz (LW-Sturzkampfgeschwader)22-05-191726-10-1942 
Fischer, Hermann   
Fischer, Hermann (LW-Kampfgeschwader 4)   
Fischer, Hermann (Lw-Schlachtgeschwader 1)28-02-192011-07-1943 
Fischer, Hugo   
Fischer, Joachim   
Fischer, Johann   
Fischer, Johann   
Fischer, Karl-Heinz29-05-1908  
Fischer, Karl-Heinz (KM-Vorposten)23-07-191312-08-1993 
Fischer, Klaus   
Fischer, Konrad   
Fischer, Kurt   
Fischer, Manfred   
Fischer, Richard (WH-Inf.Rgt. 461)   
Fischer, Richard (WH-Pz.Gren.Rgt. 5)   
Fischer, Siegfried27-11-191826-03-1998 
Fischer, Wilhelm   
Fischer, Wilhelm14-11-191700-05-1945 
Fischer, Willy   
Fischer, x   
Fitschen, Jonny   
Fitz, Josef-August20-01-191001-01-1977 
Fitzek, Josef24-03-191318-11-1982 
Fitzner, Hermann   
Fitzner, Karl04-07-191508-07-1943 
Fitzthum, Josef14-09-189610-01-1945 
Fixson, Klaus   
Fjeld, Alf   
Flachs, Bernhard18-03-191208-12-1944 
Flad, Eugen (WH-Füsilier)12-03-192124-10-2002 
Flad, Kurt03-03-191529-01-1996 
Flade, Hans-Ulrich18-03-192529-10-1999 
Flanz, Wilhelm   
Flatow, von, Peter   
Flebbe, Rudolf04-06-192223-10-1945 
Flechner, Willi29-04-190828-08-1942 
Flechsig, Gerhard20-11-191917-05-2008 
Fleckenstein, Heinrich   
Fleddermann, Werner   
Fleer, Hermann08-04-1917 more 
Fleeth, Hans-Joachim   
Fleige, Karl05-09-190516-02-1975 
Fleischer, Friedrich   
Fleischer, Rudolf21-07-191513-12-1991more 
Fleischmann, Georg24-01-191430-04-1940 
Fleischmann, Ludwig14-03-191530-06-2005 
Flemming, Bruno   
Fleu, Anton   
Flex, Hermann05-08-191009-03-1943 
Fliege, Herbert   
Flierl, Georg   
Fließbach, Joachim   
Fließbach, Peter28-02-191721-03-1944 
Fligge, Paul   
Flinzer, Eckard   
Flister, Werner   
Floer, Hans-Joachim16-04-191624-12-1959 
Floeren, Jakob   
Flohr, Wilhelm25-09-191430-07-1943 
Flor, Gerhard   
Floret, Gerhard   
Flotow, von, Jürgen13-07-191420-08-1941 
Fluhs, Friedrich26-08-191200-07-1944more 
Flügel, Hans13-02-191901-03-1989more 
Flügge, Friedrich   
Flügge, Josef06-05-1909 more 
Flögel, Josef19-10-191924-01-1997 
Fobker, Herbert20-07-192231-12-1943 
Fock, Grete   
Fock, Wilhelm21-10-191310-12-1995 
Focke, Georg   
Foedisch, Heinz   
Foelkersam, Baron von, Adrian20-12-191421-01-1945 
Foellmer, Karl-Georg   
Foerster, Hans   
Fohl, Heinrich   
Fohrer, Gerhard   
Folkers, Ulrich06-03-191506-05-1943more 
Folle, Eberhard   
Foltin, Ferdinand30-11-191618-05-2007 
Fondermann, Otto31-12-190505-04-1980 
Forbeck, Rudolf   
Forchhammer, Gerhard31-03-1909  
Forderer, Friedrich   
Form, Edmund   
Forst, Josef11-06-192321-10-1944more 
Forstar, Chrysant07-06-191312-04-1943 
Forster, Michael   
Forster, Michael15-04-192028-09-1944 
Forster, Walter   
Forstmann, Gustav10-06-190802-02-1985 
Forstpointner, Ferdinand   
Forstreuter, Hans-Boto01-11-191207-10-1986more 
Fort, von le, Peter28-07-1899  
Fortun, Horst04-03-191706-07-1943 
Fougier, Rino Corso14-11-189424-04-1963more 
Fox, Rudolf  more 
Fraatz, Georg-Werner30-03-191715-02-1943 
Frach, Hans07-03-191505-11-2004 
Franck, Hellmuth   
Francken, von, Hubert   
Francken-Sierstorff, Graf von, Edwin03-07-1921  
Francsi, Gustav-Eduard04-11-191406-10-1961 
Frank, Anton-Otto18-03-191208-03-1945 
Frank, Fritz  more 
Frank, Hans-Dieter08-07-191927-09-1943 
Frank, Heinz12-12-191407-10-1944more 
Frank, Heinz-Werner06-08-1905  
Frank, Hilmar08-09-1912  
Frank, Oskar   
Frank, Otto   
Frank, Otto (WH-Gren.Rgt. 358)   
Frank, Reinhard   
Frank, Robert18-10-191013-04-1944 
Frank, Rudolf19-08-192027-04-1944more 
Frank, Werner   
Frank, Werner   
Franke, Einhard Hans Friederich Georg21-04-191508-07-1943more 
Franke, Erwin   
Franke, Frithjof   
Franke, Hans-Otto   
Franke, Herbert28-12-191614-06-1972 
Franke, Horst   
Franke, Kurt13-06-191319-01-1945more 
Franke, Leo16-05-191417-09-1991more 
Franke, Martin30-01-192527-07-1944 
Franke, Max21-02-191519-11-1986more 
Franke, Rolf   
Franke, Rudi   
Franke, Rudolf   
Franke, Rudolf Heinz (3. Unterseebootsflottille)30-11-191505-04-2003more 
Franken, Enno   
Franken, Wilhelm August11-09-191413-01-1945more 
Frankenfeld, Erwin12-09-1920 more 
Frankl, Alois Albert16-11-192005-11-1987 
Frantz, Peter Ulrich24-07-191711-03-2001more 
Frantzen, Hans   
Franz, Egon19-07-1921  
Franz, Herbert   
Franz, Johann   
Franz, Ludwig03-09-191505-07-1944 
Franz, Roland21-02-192003-09-1944 
Franzisket, Ludwig26-06-191723-11-1988 
Franzke, Hans  more 
Franzkowiak, Theo   
Frauenheim, Fritz Hermann Günter09-03-191228-09-1969more 
Frauscher, Franz26-02-192017-06-1990 
Frech, Ferdinand 00-11-1944more 
Frechtner, x   
Freckmann, Helmut23-01-1917  
Fredericksen, August31-07-191528-09-1944more 
Freese, Rudolf04-03-1921  
Fregin, Erich16-05-191304-06-2008 
Freiberg, Kurt05-09-191600-00-1944 
Freiberger, Herbert22-01-1920 more 
Freimanis, Andrejs   
Freischheim, Severin29-04-191016-01-1988 
Freiwald, Kurt   
Freiwald, Kurt29-10-190612-12-1975 
Frenzel, Günther19-03-191912-03-2011 
Frese, Karl   
Freudenreich, Otto   
Freuwörth, Wilhelm "Willi"04-11-191705-12-1970 
Frevert, Hermann   
Frewer, Karl21-07-190806-03-1945more 
Frey, Albert16-02-191301-09-2003more 
Frey, Emil (WH-infanterie-Regiment109)26-07-190901-08-1941 
Frey, Harry21-01-191411-07-1943 
Frey, Ludwig22-09-191421-12-1943 
Frey, Max   
Frey, Michael 31-10-1945 
Freyberger, Max   
Freyer, Joachim18-04-190826-05-1998more 
Freyer, Siegfried11-02-1917  
Freytag, Otto   
Freytag, Siegfried "Justav"10-11-191901-06-2003 
Fricke, Ernst-August11-05-191109-11-1943 
Fricke, Gerhard   
Fricke, Hans-Peter   
Fricke, Karl10-06-1921  
Friebel, Herbert28-07-191515-05-1944 
Friedberg, Johann17-06-1923  
Friedeberg, Fritz15-02-1920  
Friedel, Herbert10-06-191722-07-1990 
Friedel, Hermann   
Friederici, Jens-Detlef12-07-191504-08-1983 
Friedhoff, Siegfried25-11-1920 more 
Friedl, Johann 08-05-1944 
Friedl, Oskar21-04-192119-11-1941 
Friedl, Stefan16-10-192105-11-1944 
Friedmann, Theodor20-09-190310-01-1942 
Friedrich, Alfred   
Friedrich, Erich (WH-Panzergrenadier)15-07-191401-10-1983more 
Friedrich, Georg   
Friedrich, Gerhard (Nachtjagdgeschwader 6)16-09-191716-03-1945 
Friedrich, Gerhard (Panzergrenadier-Regiment 13)17-10-190908-05-1945 
Friedrich, Joachim   
Friedrich, Kurt   
Friedrich, Max31-05-192128-04-2007 
Friedrich, Max30-03-191806-12-1975more 
Friedrich, Richard   
Friedrich, Richard Gustav20-03-190625-06-1944 
Friedrich, Waldemar   
Friedrich, Walter   
Frielinghaus, Erich  more 
Frielitz, Hans   
Fries, Anton   
Fries, Herbert01-03-192506-01-2014 
Frimberger, Adolf31-01-1919  
Frimersdorf, Josef21-11-191920-09-1944 
Frink, Helmut28-06-191928-08-1943 
Frisch, Helmut03-02-1907  
Fritsch, Alfons19-06-1925  
Fritsch, Freiherr von, Wolf20-09-1915 more 
Fritsch, Heinz22-12-192005-07-1945 
Fritsch, Karl   
Fritsche, Hans-Martin24-06-190927-05-1993 
Fritz, Franz   
Fritz, Willy   
Fritzler, Heinz07-01-191525-03-1992 
Fritzsche, Immo16-12-191814-12-1943 
Frohnauer, Hans 19-09-1944 
Frolov, Ivan Denisovich00-00-190600-00-1946 
Fromberger, Hans06-05-1904  
Fromm, Ernst15-07-191425-04-1945more 
Fromm, Walter02-02-191027-04-1999 
Fromme, Rolf00-00-191401-07-1992 
Frommelt, Heinz   
Frommen, Johannes   
Frommhold, Franz   
Fronzeck, Gerhard   
Frosch, Horst   
Frost, Rupert09-10-191120-08-1986 
Frost, Willi02-04-191524-01-1945 
Frydag, Freiherr von, Harro   
Frühauf, Carl-Heinz14-02-191418-04-1976 
Fränkel, Rudolf   
Fröbel, Hans-Roland03-10-1921  
Fröbel, Karl12-09-1918  
Fröbrich, Gustav   
Fröhlich, Bruno20-10-191316-12-1942 
Fröhlich, Georg  more 
Fröhlich, Hans   
Fröhlich, Karl22-12-191422-08-1986 
Fröhlich, Kurt09-03-191913-10-1990 
Frömming, Ernst (Fallschirm-Pionier-Bataillon 1)04-02-191118-08-1959more 
Fröschle, Walter   
Fröschlin, Julius 17-01-1942 
Fröse, Fritz   
Frötel, Robert   
Fubel, Karl06-11-1916  
Fuchs, Anton (WH-Panzergrenadier)10-10-1912  
Fuchs, August07-12-191515-12-1990more 
Fuchs, Gottfried   
Fuchs, Lothar   
Fuchs, Ludwig09-05-1918  
Fuchs, Max  more 
Fuchs, Michael   
Fuchs, Peter (WH-Art.Rgt. 131)   
Fuchs, Peter (WH-Gren.Rgt. 306)   
Fuchs, Rudolf (8. Zerstörerflottille)02-11-191220-11-1944 
Fuchs, Rudolf (Grenadier-Regiment 42)27-04-191927-02-1998more 
Fuchs, Siegfried04-09-191611-04-1944 
Fuhr, Werner25-05-1924  
Fuhrhop, Helmut07-10-191229-02-1944 
Fuhrmann, Hans-Georg18-12-191418-11-2008more 
Fuhrmann, Nikolaus07-02-191425-12-1944 
Fulda, Wilhelm21-05-190908-08-1977 
Funk, Alois07-09-190602-06-1975 
Funk, Hans18-10-191422-05-1941 
Funk, Heinrich08-04-191013-01-1988 
Funk, Horst   
Funk, Josef   
Funke, Hellmut   
Funke, Theodor   
Fuß, Gerhard   
Fuß, Hans19-09-192010-11-1942 
Füger, Max11-03-191610-09-1941 
Füllgrabe, Heinrich26-07-191630-01-1945 
Fürguth, Benedikt26-01-191523-10-1943 
Fürlinger, Erich   
Fürst, Rudolf16-04-1920  
Fütterer, Bernhard04-04-191022-01-1963 
Fütterer, Robert11-03-1911  
Färber, Franz   
Fönnekold, Otto15-02-192031-08-1944 
Förderer, Erwin   
Förschl, Karl16-03-191502-04-1945 
Först, Hermann   
Förster, Franz (WH-Gren.Rgt. 1040)   
Förster, Franz (WH-Pz.Jg.Abt. 9)   
Förster, Hans-Joachim20-02-192024-02-1945more 
Förster, Hellmut19-04-1922  
Förster, Johannes   
Förster, Karl   
Förster, Kurt   
Förster, Werner   
Försterling, Eckhardt   
Förstl, Johann 18-08-1944 
Fözö, Josef "Joschko"07-11-191203-03-1979more