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Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse

At the beginning of the Second World War, the Iron Cross 2nd Class was still highly regarded. In later war years however it was rewarded with much more ease. Still most recipients would wear the award with the same amount of proud ness. The Iron Cross 2nd Class was the first grade within the Iron Cross that was to be obtained for an individual act of bravery.

The official criteria were the individual and single act of bravery in the face of the enemy or actions that were above and beyond the normal call of duty. The approximately three million awarded crosses were obtained by German Military, Axis military and civilian uniformed organisations.

The cross measures 44 mm in diameter and hangs from a ribbon in the colours black white and red. The wide red band in the middle is being flanked by two equal white bands that both again are being flanked by a black band. During the whole war the production was retained with a high quality. On the front side one can find a Swastika and the year 1939, while the obverse contains the year 1813 on the lower arm.

Almost all World War Two crosses were made out of three parts, the Iron core and a silver rim on the front and backside. The two silver rims were welded together, holding the iron core. The core was produced from iron and was blackened. This core made the Iron Cross to be magnetized. Some examples are not magnetized because they were produced with brass or cupper. This version was especially welcome with members of the Kriegmarine. This core lasted longer in the exposure of salty sea water. The rim was supposed to be made from silver, but more common was the use of “German Silver”, a less expensive alloy of cupper, zinc and nickel. At the top a ring was welded to hold the loop for the ribbon. On the loop one can often find the manufacturers name although it is not uncommon that no name is placed. Therefore the absence of the manufacturers name is not a criterion to classify the cross as original or not.

The Iron Cross could be received in two different ways. The most exclusive way was in a leather box. More common was the bleu coloured envelop with in gothic letters the words “Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse”. The presentation was accompanied with a standard document. The receiving was also to be written down in the recipients “Soldbuch”or “Wehrpass”. The document normally didn’t contain the reason for obtaining the Cross, although in some occasions it was written down on the backside of the document.

It was not usual to wear the decoration it self. In stead a ribbon was worn on the left breast of hanging from the second button hole of the tunic in the way of the former Prussian Army.

In 1957 a special version of the cross was produced. On this the Swastika was replaced with an oak leaf. The way military actions of the Second World War could be honoured without the use of the forbidden Nazi-symbols. Most veterans however choose to wear the decoration as a ribbon only. Most 1957 versions are of a lesser quality than wartime examples.

Springer, Heinrich Adolf Leopold* November 3rd, 1914
† October 27th, 2007

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Bidermann, Gottlob-Herbert (Gren.Reg.437)* August 28th, 1920
† September 1st, 2010

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Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Apitz, Hans11-07-192012-05-1942 
Aingst, Gottfried   
Ablinger, Alois09-04-192213-06-1944 
Aitzetmüller, Josef07-09-191413-08-1941 
Achatz, Alois21-07-191404-02-1942 
Auffanger, Manfred (Wehrmacht)19-09-192310-08-1943 
Adelsmair, Alois11-06-191316-02-1943 
Ametsreiter, Ferdinand17-02-192107-03-1944 
Apel, Heinrich   
Angermaier, Josef30-04-191723-03-1943 
Aulinger, Michael14-09-191522-11-1941 
Angerer, Fritz 16-02-1943 
Aust, Willi   
Aulock, von, Johannes   
August, Karl   
Auer, Otto   
Auer, Erwin   
Asinger, Hermann (Reichsgrenadier-Regiment)   
Aselmann, Helmut (Grenadier-Regiment 974)   
Aschenbrenner, Eugen   
Artus, Hans   
Artopoeus, Bernhard   
Arntz, Helmut   
Arnold, Franz   
Arnim, von, Georg   
Arnhold, Rudolf   
Arndt, Karl   
Arndt, Georg   
Appel, Ludwig   
Angerstein, Otto   
Angermann, Wilhelm (Artillerie-Regiment 225)23-04-1897  
Androw, Otto   
Andresen, Julius   
Anders, Max   
Anders, Heinz   
Ammon, Friedrich   
Amling, Willi   
Aly, Günther   
Altstädt, Erich   
Altmann, Josef (Grenadier-Regiment 431)   
Altmann, Hans (Füsilier-Bataillon 57)24-04-191520-12-1943 
Althoff, Karl-Heinz   
Almstedt, Heinrich   
Allritz, Hermann (Grenadier-Regiment 53)   
Alles, Konrad   
Albrecht, Reinhold   
Albrecht, Erich   
Albiez, Wilhelm   
Aigner, Sebastian   
Ahrens, Hermann Gustav Paul (Pio.Bat.183)02-12-191929-09-1944 
Ahlburg, Richard   
Adrian, Paul   
Adolph, x   
Adam, Walter   
Ackermann, Albert (s.He.Pz.Jäg.Abt.663)05-07-191500-03-1945 
Abraham, Wolfgang   
Abraham, Willi   
Ablinger, Alois   
Amado Lóriga, Santiago12-04-189031-01-1974 
Auerbach, Alfons04-02-192304-02-1944 
Arlow, Burghard06-11-191423-04-1945 
Asböck, Otto25-03-192614-11-1944 
Auner, Kurt05-05-1914  
Andersen, Klaus19-10-1918  
Arnold, Heinz12-02-1919  
Andexer, Günther   
Autti, Pietari Aleksanteri17-08-189323-10-1959more 
Aho, Johannes Martti19-11-189621-06-1968 
Abel, Walter (Grenadier-Regiment 410)   
Anzinger, Max15-09-191114-06-1944more 
Abromeit, Heinz03-08-1918  
Apel, Heinrich12-06-1913  
Agarici, Horia06-04-191113-07-1982 
Adrian, Ulrich19-03-191505-10-1941 
Assmann, Heinz (Kriegsmarine)15-08-190415-10-1954more 
Ackermann, Alwin (KG 77) 12-07-1943 
Amtmann, Hans Leonard (Waffen SS)20-05-1919  
Ahrens, Helmut  more 
Ahrens, Gerd01-08-191603-09-2007more 
Aldenhoven, Franz02-02-192306-07-1943 
Auge, Wilhelm 22-01-1989 
Abel, Karl (Flak)   
Auer, Heinrich   
Arndt, Bruno   
Argast, Ernst   
Albrecht, Otto16-08-1912  
Altendorf, Rudolf16-07-191901-01-1945 
Alvensleben, von, Ludolf-Hermann (SS)17-03-190101-04-1970more 
Altner, Ernst-Georg04-12-190112-04-1945more 
Appel, Heinrich01-10-1920 more 
Andrei, Tudor25-03-1915  
Albers, Hans-Peter20-11-191410-03-1956more 
Abel, Josef (Infanterie-Regiment 217)03-01-191401-12-1984more 
Abel, Walter (Kampfgeschwader 55 'Greif')   
Abel, Fritz-Wilhelm (Kampfgeschwader 3 "Blitz")28-11-191902-03-1945more 
Abel, Eugen (Fallschirm-Lehr-Abteilung)20-12-1917  
Arpke, Helmut20-03-191716-01-1942 
Arent, Peter Nikolaus26-06-191703-12-1942 
Albrecht, Oskar24-09-191413-11-1992more 
Axmann, Artur "Arthur" (Reichsjugendführer)15-02-191324-10-1996more 
Auer, Ludwig   
André, Heinrich   
Apollot, François   
Adamsons, Miervaldis29-06-191023-08-1948more 
Alexy, Mathias   
Alves, Erich   
Ayerle, Ludwig   
Abel, Herbert (Fern-Aufkl.Gr. 10)06-06-1918  
Abel, Alfred (KG 53)31-12-192002-01-1943more 
Axtmann, Fritz (Infanterie-Regiment 20)07-12-191413-09-1943more 
Ax, Adolf23-06-190606-02-1983 
Austermann, Johannes (Grenadier-Regiment 1146)24-06-190612-08-1973more 
Augenstein, Hans-Heinz11-07-192106-12-1944 
Auert, Heinz11-06-192118-02-2002 
Auer, Karl20-10-191631-03-1997more 
Audorff, Paul06-02-190417-01-1981more 
Audenrieth, Georg20-07-191715-01-1999 
Attenberger, Franz-Xaver (Artillerie-Regiment 114)19-07-191509-08-1991more 
Assmann, Alois (Panzerjäger-Abteilung 61)05-06-191326-10-1987more 
Ascherfeld, Willy21-03-191013-04-1945 
Ascher, Dietrich23-04-192308-10-2010 
Arndt, Fritz (Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 32)01-06-191012-03-2003more 
Armberger, Josef (SS-Panzer-Regiment 1)26-06-192021-08-1944more 
Arendt, Velten-Reinhardt28-03-191923-03-1945 
Arendt, Kurt Dietrich Paul08-10-191709-01-1945 
Apitz, Willy27-01-191628-02-2004 
Aperats, Karlis04-03-189216-07-1944more 
Apelt, Fedor14-10-190415-04-1988more 
Antonescu, Ion Victor02-06-188201-06-1946more 
Ansons, Zanis04-12-191124-11-1968more 
Anneken, Udo11-10-191711-10-1997more 
Angelmaier, Heinz (Sturmgeschütz-Brigade 279)22-07-191812-01-2014more 
Angel, Otto20-02-191314-10-2002 
Andres, Hans11-04-192225-03-1944 
Andree, Harry02-10-191315-08-1944more 
Anding, Friedrich26-06-191507-02-1996more 
Anders, Friedrich04-11-191707-03-1988 
Ancans, Robert11-11-191901-01-1982more 
Ammann, Franz (Grenadier-Regiment 256)03-11-191918-08-1943more 
Amerkamp, Siegfried25-03-192003-09-1995more 
Amelung, Günther08-04-191429-03-1944 
Ameiser, Anton01-08-190720-02-1976 
Amann, Herbert (Sturmgeschütz-Abteilung 905)11-10-191912-01-1944more 
Altstadt, Rudolf16-01-191427-05-1974more 
Altermann, Karl-Heinz (Pz-Gren.Reg. 25)04-06-192226-11-2013more 
Altacher, Eduard24-01-191927-05-1945 
Alm, Karl04-01-191923-11-1944more 
Amling, Fritz17-01-191606-03-1994 
Alex, Ernst01-03-191525-10-1965more 
Albust, Rudolf28-06-191309-04-1945 
Albrecht, Willy07-07-190709-09-1996 
Altmann, Gustav (Fallschirmjäger)13-04-191220-02-1981more 
Alber, Robert13-10-190607-06-1988 
Alber, Hermann Karl (SS-Pz.Gren.Reg.20)12-11-192502-08-1944 
Ahrens, Wilhelm "Willi"01-10-191226-08-1998 
Ahrens, Hinrich15-03-192131-12-2009more 
Ahrens, Albert25-07-191710-03-1980 
Ahnert, Heinrich-Wilhelm29-04-191523-08-1942 
Agtha, Egon August29-01-191802-05-1945 
Afheldt, Eckard15-08-192103-12-1999 
Adrian, Josef-Hubert25-09-191100-03-1945 
Adolph, Walter11-06-191318-09-1941 
Adam, Helmut (Sturmgeschütz-Abteilung 192)01-10-191601-12-1942 
Achilles, Albrecht Adolf Konrad15-01-191427-09-1943 
Abraham, Erich Max Robert16-11-192108-12-1943 
Abele, Arnulf (Gren.Reg. 'Hoch u. Deutschmeister')08-11-191402-07-2000 
Arhens, Karl (Panzerjäger-Abteilung 8)   
Axthammer, Erich Michael03-12-192021-12-2015 
Autenrieth, Hans 08-06-1996 
Aulepp, Hermann (Flak-Regiment 411)17-08-190300-05-1945 
Augustin, Lothar   
Augustin, Hermann (Transportgeschwader 4)   
Auffhammer, Fritz28-11-191414-06-2002 
Auerhammer, Otto   
Aubrecht, Hermann (Jagdgeschwader 51 'Mölders')  more 
Aschmann, Otto (Luftwaffe)01-03-1908  
Appelt, Horst19-12-1915 more 
Appelmann, Friedrich (Aufklärungsgruppe 32)12-11-1915  
Anzinger, Max02-09-192012-01-1944 
Antrup, Wilhelm "Willy"01-02-191014-11-1984more 
Andres, Josef 31-01-1945 
Andres, Ernst19-09-192111-02-1945more 
Andorfer, Anton23-12-191911-04-1945more 
Anders, Richard03-01-191509-09-1993more 
Amtmann, Baptist (Kampfgeschwader 54 'Totenkopf ')22-02-192001-01-1945 
Amthor, Richard   
Ammeling, Bernhard22-01-191708-07-1943more 
Ammann, Paul (KG 4 "General Wever")05-08-192009-08-1991more 
Amelung, Heinz-Günther09-04-191726-12-1964 
Ambos, Johann "Hans"05-12-1920 more 
Amann, Josef (Kampfgeschwader 100 'Wiking')   
Altmann, Klaus (Kampfgeschwader 100 'Wiking')15-07-191812-10-1942 
Altmann, Gerhard (Kampfgeschwader 77) 00-01-1942 
Altendorf, Heinz26-02-191714-09-2008 
Altenaichinger, Robert03-01-192000-02-1994 
Alten, von, Ernst17-04-1913  
Alpers, Friedrich Ludwig Herbert25-03-190103-09-1944more 
Aloè, Herbert13-07-1914  
Allexi, Josef11-06-1914  
Aldinger, Hermann (Flak-Regiment)22-07-190701-11-1993 
Albrecht, Gerhard30-11-1911  
Albrecht, Egon19-05-191825-08-1944more 
Albers, Walter17-01-192322-08-1943 
Albers, Hans (Lw-Aufklärungsgruppe)03-05-1914  
Aigen, Reinhard20-05-191319-09-1943more 
Aechtner, Fritz04-03-191601-05-2007 
Adolff, Heinz-Paul29-06-191417-07-1943 
Ademeit, Horst08-02-191207-08-1944more 
Ackermann, Karl (KG 4 'General Wever')   
Ackermann, Heinz (Kampfgeschwader 6)   
Ackermann, Georg (KG 53 'Legion Condor')12-03-191816-12-2007more 
Abratis, Herbert Karl21-03-191829-03-1945more 
Abrahamczik, Rudolf17-04-192004-12-1996 
Alteneder, Dr., Friedrich07-04-190912-01-1987 
Auffermann, Hans Jürgen ('U-514')01-10-191408-07-1943 
Appen, von, Karl   
Aniszewski, Bruno26-03-1919  
Anhalt, Wilhelm28-03-191713-06-1979more 
Ammermann, Rolf (Kriegsmarine)13-07-190923-03-1945 
Ambrosius, Wilhelm14-06-190319-09-1955more 
Altenburger, Günther ("U 515")19-09-191423-03-2009 
Alexy, Hans24-02-191907-06-2007 
Alberts, Hermann ('Z-31')06-03-190523-04-1988 
Ahlers, Bruno03-11-1915 more 
Ackermann, Herbert ('U-185')29-12-191625-08-1943 
Abel, Ulrich, Dr. ('U-193')03-03-191223-04-1944 
Augsberger, Franz Xaver Josef Maria "Franz"10-10-190519-03-1945more 
Astegher, Hans15-07-1916  
Asbahr, Erhardt14-03-191417-07-1943 
Arnold, Karl-Horst10-03-1918 more 
Arnold, Alfred (SS Sturmbannführer)02-01-191510-10-1944more 
Anlauft, Karl-Heinz15-05-191600-00-1977 
Anhalt, Günther (SS-Polizei-Rgt. 2)23-01-190627-04-1945more 
André, Harro19-06-191702-03-1943 
Amlacher, Kurt01-05-192102-05-1945more 
Albrecht, Heino09-03-192126-10-1995 
Aigner, Anton30-11-191416-11-1999 
Adolph, Günther14-11-1914 more 
Aman, Hans (Infanterie-Regiment 19)28-01-191627-09-1943 
Amsberg, von, Joachim28-12-190327-05-1981 
Albert, d', Benvenuto24-10-1919  
Arentschildt, von, Alexander27-04-191122-06-1999 
Axtmann, Walter (Grenadier-Regiment 287)   
Austen, Hans27-07-191824-01-1994 
Aust, Friedrich   
Auras, Wolfgang   
Aulerich, Werner14-01-191609-04-1945 
Augustin, Hans05-08-1905 more 
Auffermann, Albrecht (Pionier-Bataillon 101)05-08-191825-03-1966 
Auer, Rupert   
Auberger, Josef (Infanterie-Regiment 61)19-03-191908-04-2010more 
Au, von der, Friedrich   
Atzl, Hermann (Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 136)   
Attenberger, Georg (Infanterie-Regiment 19)   
Aster, Hans-Heinrich28-10-1921 more 
Aßmann, Erich (schwere Artillerie-Abteilung 526)   
Assmann, Adolf (Panzer-Regiment 5)   
Asshoff, Bruno15-02-1914  
Asendorf, Wilhelm27-11-1920 more 
Aschermann, Hartmut (Panzer-Regiment 6)12-11-192113-05-2009 
Arnold, Herbert Friedrich (Panzer-Regiment 3)01-01-191403-01-1945more 
Arnold, Friedrich (WH-Sturmgeschütz)10-05-191901-09-2006 
Arndt, Johannes07-10-190606-07-1944more 
Arius, Manfred (Panzer-Regiment 29)   
Apsel, Friedrich   
Apitzsch, Karl-Arthur25-10-192001-01-1943 
Apfelbaum, Erwin (Panzerjäger-Abteilung 158)   
Anzenhofer, Hermann (Pz-Aufklär.-Abt.17)05-06-192425-04-1945 
Antes, Paul   
Annuss, Gottfried Julius Karl09-03-191227-10-1985 
Aniol, Georg   
Angerer, Hermann Ignaz (Artillerie-Regiment 96)02-12-189312-02-1942 
Angerbauer, Alfred (Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 100)   
Andrä, Heinz03-09-1921  
Andrä, Heinrich08-07-1915 more 
Andersen, Ernst-August (Pio.Btl.196)20-07-1914  
Anders, Georg   
Anacker, Friedrich (Sturmgeschütz-Abteilung 191)   
Amsel, Georg   
Ammon, Lothar (Sturmgeschütz-Abteilung 190)   
Ammer, Hermann (Grenadier-Regiment 62)08-03-191409-12-2000more 
Ammann, Lothar Harry Arthur (Pz-Gren.Reg.101)12-08-190205-02-1943 
Amling, Hans  more 
Ambrosy, Gerhard   
Ambrosius, Dr., Lothar11-05-190309-01-1971more 
Ambos, Helmuth25-07-1912  
Amann, Thomas (Pionier-Bataillon 157)31-08-190102-02-1944 
Altmann, Karl (Panzerjäger-Abteilung 160)01-11-191220-09-1942 
Alter, Max17-01-191015-03-2001 
Alsleben, Dietrich (Sturmgeschütz-Brigade 912)06-04-192022-02-1945 
Alm, Werner04-05-1917 more 
Allmacher, Friedrich "Fritz"03-12-191426-12-1944more 
Allersmeier, Heinz24-03-191723-03-2001more 
Algermissen, Walter Wilhelm (Pz.Abt. 116)10-06-191528-12-1944 
Alexander, Heinz   
Aldrian, Franz20-09-1895 more 
Aldrian, Eduard26-04-188801-10-1955 
Albrecht, Walter08-05-191423-05-1944 
Albrecht, Hans-Joachim18-03-192000-02-1945more 
Albrecht, Fritz Wilhelm Karl23-12-190529-04-1977more 
Albowitz, Herbert   
Albohm, Wilhelm19-03-192207-08-2001 
Albert, Wilhelm (Panzerjäger-Abteilung 35)24-04-191715-12-2004more 
Albers, Hans-Wilhelm12-06-191404-06-1944more 
Albat, Ernst18-05-191700-00-1992 
Aigner, Ludwig15-07-1916  
Aigner, Hellmuth18-12-1905 more 
Aichwalder, Josef   
Ahrens, Friedrich06-05-1916 more 
Ahnert, Heinz17-07-1917  
Ager, Franz14-02-1915  
Afheldt, Werner18-11-1908 more 
Adrario, Friedrich29-11-191825-06-2011more 
Adomeit, Reinhard Erich14-07-191428-02-1945 
Adamowitsch, Felix (Sturmgeschütz-Brigade 904)20-11-191910-02-2013 
Adam, Hans-Hermann (Artillerie-Regiment 333)10-08-1911 more 
Achtermann, Wilhelm (Pz.Art.Reg.19)28-03-192410-04-1945 
Abs, Gerhard  more 
Ableiter, Walter   
Aberle, Heinrich Ferdinand (Inf.Reg. 282)21-11-188928-12-1941 
Abendroth, von, Ferdinand Max Karl04-01-191616-07-1944 
Abele, Emil (Panzer-Regiment 35)14-05-191431-07-1993 
Abel, Werner Ernst Hermann (Schützen-Regiment 33)22-05-191404-10-1943 
Abel, Adolf Wilhelm (161. Infanterie-Division)18-10-191426-08-1944more 
Abbas, Horst07-09-1910  

Sources