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Poland (1918-1945, IInd Republic)

When looking at the Polish medals for the Second World War, we can see four different periods. Before the Second World War, until the German occupation, we have the Second Polish Republic. During the Second World War the Poles had their forces partly in the West and partly in the Soviet Union. The Polish Government in exile in London decided which decorations were awarded. From 1944 we however get the People’s Republic of Poland, that began instituting its own decorations. Finally since the collapse of the Soviet Union we have a new Polish Republic from 1990 on.

The Second Polish Republic.
After the First World War, a new Polish Republic emerged. The Poles received their independence on November 11th 1918. The young republic immediately found itself in war with the Ukrainian National Army for the city of Lwow. After conquering the city, the Poles got into another war, this time with the Bolsheviks of the new Soviet state. Finally the Poles succeeded in winning a final battle for the city of Warsaw. This resulted in a peace treaty with the Soviet Union in 1921. Many of the decorations date back to these heroic battles. Some old decorations from the First Polish Republic were...

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Highest Decorations

Cross of Valor
Krzyz WalecznychCross of Valor
In the database: 1946
Issued:unknown
Cross/medal of the Independence of the Underground State
Krzyż/medal Niepodległości Polskie PodziemneCross/medal of the Independence of the Underground State
In the database: 3
Issued:unknown
Independence Medal
Medal NiepodleglosciIndependence Medal
In the database: 40
Issued:unknown
Cross of Independence
Krzyz NiepodleglosciCross of Independence
In the database: 63
Issued:unknown
Cross of Independence with Swords
Krzyz Niepodleglosci z MieczamiCross of Independence with Swords
In the database: 61
Issued:1818
Cross for freedom and Independence
Krzyz za Wolnosc i NiepodlegloscCross for freedom and Independence
In the database: 4
Issued:unknown
Medal for freedom and Independence
Medal za Wolnosc i NiepodlegloscMedal for freedom and Independence
In the database: 2
Issued:unknown

Orders

Order of the White Eagle
Order Orla BialegoOrder of the White Eagle
In the database: 20
Issued:16
Grand Cross to the Virtuti Militari Order
Order Virtuti Militari Grand CrossGrand Cross to the Virtuti Militari Order
In the database: 3
Issued:unknown
Commander to the Virtuti Militari Order
Order Virtuti Militari CommanderCommander to the Virtuti Militari Order
In the database: 11
Issued:unknown
Knight to the Virtuti Militari Order
Order Virtuti Militari KnightKnight to the Virtuti Militari Order
In the database: 17
Issued:unknown
Golden Cross to the Virtuti Militari Order
Order Virtuti Militari Gold CrossGolden Cross to the Virtuti Militari Order
In the database: 80
Issued:unknown
War Order of Virtuti Militari - Silver Cross
Order Wojenny Virtuti Militari - Krzyz SrebrnyWar Order of Virtuti Militari - Silver Cross
In the database: 562
Issued:unknown
Grand Cross to the Order of Poland Restored
Order Odrodzenia Polski WielkiGrand Cross to the Order of Poland Restored
In the database: 30
Issued:unknown
Grand Commander to the Order of Poland Restored
Order Odrodzenia Polski Komandorski z GwiazdaGrand Commander to the Order of Poland Restored
In the database: 29
Issued:unknown
Commander to the Order of Poland Restored
Order Odrodzenia Polski KomandorskiCommander to the Order of Poland Restored
In the database: 64
Issued:unknown
Officer to the Order of Poland Restored
Order Odrodzenia Polski OficerskiOfficer to the Order of Poland Restored
In the database: 57
Issued:unknown
Member to the Order of Poland Restored
Order Odrodzenia Polski KawalerskiMember to the Order of Poland Restored
In the database: 51
Issued:unknown

Medals for Merit and Bravery (Not Orders)

National Military Action Cross
Krzyz Narodowego Czynu ZbrojnegoNational Military Action Cross
In the database: 2
Issued:57
Cross of Merit in Gold
Krzyz Zaslugi in GoldCross of Merit in Gold
In the database: 179
Issued:unknown
Cross of Merit in Silver
Krzyz Zaslugi in SilverCross of Merit in Silver
In the database: 98
Issued:unknown
Cross of Merit in Brass
Krzyz Zaslugi in BronzeCross of Merit in Brass
In the database: 43
Issued:unknown

Campaign and Service Awards

Monte Cassino Cross
Krzyz Monte CassinoMonte Cassino Cross
In the database: 200
Issued:48498
British Eight Army Sleeve PatchIn the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Commemorative Medal War 1918-1921
Medal Pamiatkowy za Wojne 1918-1921Commemorative Medal War 1918-1921
In the database: 164
Issued:unknown
Army Medal for War 1939-1945
Medal Wojska za Wojne 1939-1945Army Medal for War 1939-1945
In the database: 327
Issued:unknown
Air Force Medal for War 1939-1945
Medal Lotniczy za Wojne 1939-1945Air Force Medal for War 1939-1945
In the database: 941
Issued:4434
Navy Medal for War 1939-1945
Medal Morski za Wojne 1939-1945Navy Medal for War 1939-1945
In the database: 118
Issued:unknown
Merchant Marine Medal for War 1939-1945
Medal Morski Polskiej Marynarki Handlowej za Wojne 1939-1945Merchant Marine Medal for War 1939-1945
In the database: 13
Issued:1055
Long Service Medal 20 years
Medal Za Dlugoletnia Sluzbe 20 yearsLong Service Medal 20 years
In the database: 7
Issued:unknown
Long Service Medal 10 years
Medal Za Dlugoletnia Sluzbe 10 yearsLong Service Medal 10 years
In the database: 11
Issued:unknown

Commemorative- / Jubileemedals

Commemorative Medal Battle of Monte Cassino
Medal Pamiatkowy Monte CassinoCommemorative Medal Battle of Monte Cassino
In the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Commemorative Medal Polish 1st Grenadier Division
Medal Pamiatkowy 1. Dywizja GrenadierówCommemorative Medal Polish 1st Grenadier Division
In the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Commemorative Medal for the Tenth Anniversary of Independence
Medal 10-lecia Odzyskania NiepodleglosciCommemorative Medal for the Tenth Anniversary of Independence
In the database: 153
Issued:unknown
Polish Allied Victory Medal
Medal ZwyciestwaPolish Allied Victory Medal
In the database: 17
Issued:unknown
Commemorative Cross 1st Polish Armoured Division
Krzyż 1 Dywizji PancernejCommemorative Cross 1st Polish Armoured Division
In the database: 2
Issued:unknown

Wounded and Passed-Away Awards

Wound Badge
Znak za Rany i KontuzjeWound Badge
In the database: 47
Issued:unknown

Civilian Decorations

Polish Red Cross Badge
Znak Polskiego Czerwonego KrzyzaPolish Red Cross Badge
In the database: 1
Issued:unknown

War and Service Decorations Armed Forces

Ordinary Polish Parachutist Badge
Zwykly Znak SpadochronowyOrdinary Polish Parachutist Badge
In the database: 9
Issued:6536
Polish Combat Parachutist badge
Bojowy Znak SpadochronowyPolish Combat Parachutist badge
In the database: 0
Issued:6536
Znak Spadochronowy Armii Krajowej"National Army" Parachutist Badge
In the database: 32
Issued:unknown

War and Service Decorations Army

6th Lwow Infantry Division Commemorative Badge
Znak Pamiatkow 6 Dywizji Lwow6th Lwow Infantry Division Commemorative Badge
In the database: 1
Issued:unknown
5th Sapper Kresowa Infantry Division Badge
Znak Saperow 5 KDP5th Sapper Kresowa Infantry Division Badge
In the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Anti Aircraft Badge
Znak Pamiatkow Dywizjonow Artylerii PrzeciwlotniczejAnti Aircraft Badge
In the database: 2
Issued:unknown
Reserve Officer Artillery School Badge
Znak Szkoly Podchorazych Rezerwy ArtyleriiReserve Officer Artillery School Badge
In the database: 4
Issued:unknown
2nd Corps Commemorative Badge
Znak Pamiatkow 2 Korpusu Polskiego2nd Corps Commemorative Badge
In the database: 24
Issued:unknown
Reserve Officers Association Badge
Znak Zwiazek Oficerow RezerwyReserve Officers Association Badge
In the database: 4
Issued:unknown
3rd Carpathian Rifle Division Commemorative Badge
Znak Pamiatkow 3 DSK3rd Carpathian Rifle Division Commemorative Badge
In the database: 5
Issued:unknown
5th Kresowa Infantry Division Badge
Znak Pamiatkow 5 KDP5th Kresowa Infantry Division Badge
In the database: 4
Issued:unknown
Polish Armed Forces in the East Badge
Znak Armii Polskiej na WschodziePolish Armed Forces in the East Badge
In the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Tank Badge
Znak PancernyTank Badge
In the database: 4
Issued:unknown
Memorial Badge Polish Independent Carpathian Rifle Brigade
Znak Pamiatkow SBSKMemorial Badge Polish Independent Carpathian Rifle Brigade
In the database: 2
Issued:unknown
52nd Infantry Regiment Kresowa Badge
Znak 52 PP52nd Infantry Regiment Kresowa Badge
In the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Znak 8 Pulk Piechoty LegionowIn the database: 1
Issued:unknown

War and Service Decorations Air Force

Air Gunner Wing 1919In the database: 0
Issued:unknown
Air Gunner Wing 1933In the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Air Gunner Wing (in RAF)In the database: 50
Issued:unknown
Air Gunner/Radio Operator Wing (in RAF)In the database: 6
Issued:unknown
Bombardier WingIn the database: 12
Issued:unknown
Flight Engineer Wing (in RAF)In the database: 3
Issued:unknown
Flight Mechanic Wing (in RAF)In the database: 16
Issued:unknown
Navigator BadgeIn the database: 15
Issued:unknown
Observer WingIn the database: 36
Issued:unknown
Pilot School WingIn the database: 2
Issued:unknown
Pilot Wing 1st classIn the database: 0
Issued:unknown
Pilot-observer WingIn the database: 4
Issued:unknown
Radio Operator Wing (in RAF)In the database: 24
Issued:unknown
Radio Operator/Observer Wing (in RAF)In the database: 1
Issued:unknown