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Poland (1918-1939, IInd Republic)

When looking at the Polish medals for the Second World War, we can see four different periods. Before the Second World War, until the German occupation, we have the Second Polish Republic. During the Second World War the Poles had their forces partly in the West and partly in the Soviet Union. The Polish Government in exile in London decided which decorations were awarded. From 1944 we however get the People’s Republic of Poland, that began instituting its own decorations. Finally since the collapse of the Soviet Union we have a new Polish Republic from 1990 on.

The Second Polish Republic.
After the First World War, a new Polish Republic emerged. The Poles received their independence on November 11th 1918. The young republic immediately found itself in war with the Ukrainian National Army for the city of Lwow. After conquering the city, the Poles got into another war, this time with the Bolsheviks of the new Soviet state. Finally the Poles succeeded in winning a final battle for the city of Warsaw. This resulted in a peace treaty with the Soviet Union in 1921. Many of the decorations date back to these heroic battles. Some old decorations from the First Polish Republic were...

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Highest Decorations

Order of the White Eagle
Order Orla BialegoOrder of the White Eagle
In the database: 12
Issued:16
Independence Medal
Medal NiepodleglosciIndependence Medal
In the database: 43
Issued:unknown
Cross of Independence
Krzyz NiepodleglosciCross of Independence
In the database: 97
Issued:unknown
Cross of Independence with Swords
Krzyz Niepodleglosci z MieczamiCross of Independence with Swords
In the database: 47
Issued:1818

Orders

Gwiazda GornoslaskaIn the database: 16
Issued:unknown
Grand Cross to the Virtuti Militari Order
Order Virtuti Militari Grand CrossGrand Cross to the Virtuti Militari Order
In the database: 4
Issued:unknown
Commander to the Virtuti Militari Order
Order Virtuti Militari CommanderCommander to the Virtuti Militari Order
In the database: 8
Issued:unknown
Knight to the Virtuti Militari Order
Order Virtuti Militari KnightKnight to the Virtuti Militari Order
In the database: 3
Issued:unknown
Golden Cross to the Virtuti Militari Order
Order Virtuti Militari Gold CrossGolden Cross to the Virtuti Militari Order
In the database: 2
Issued:unknown
War Order of Virtuti Militari - Silver Cross
Order Wojenny Virtuti Militari - Krzyz SrebrnyWar Order of Virtuti Militari - Silver Cross
In the database: 173
Issued:unknown
Grand Cross to the Order of Poland Restored
Order Odrodzenia Polski WielkiGrand Cross to the Order of Poland Restored
In the database: 12
Issued:unknown
Grand Commander to the Order of Poland Restored
Order Odrodzenia Polski Komandorski z GwiazdaGrand Commander to the Order of Poland Restored
In the database: 13
Issued:unknown
Commander to the Order of Poland Restored
Order Odrodzenia Polski KomandorskiCommander to the Order of Poland Restored
In the database: 52
Issued:unknown
Officer to the Order of Poland Restored
Order Odrodzenia Polski OficerskiOfficer to the Order of Poland Restored
In the database: 79
Issued:unknown
Member to the Order of Poland Restored
Order Odrodzenia Polski KawalerskiMember to the Order of Poland Restored
In the database: 45
Issued:unknown

Medals for Merit and Bravery (Not Orders)

Cross of Valor
Krzyz WalecznychCross of Valor
In the database: 536
Issued:unknown
Cross of Military Merit of Central Lithuania
Krzyz Zaslugi Wojsk Litwy SrodkowejCross of Military Merit of Central Lithuania
In the database: 16
Issued:unknown
Cross of Valour of the Bulak-Balachowicza Army
Krzyz Walecznosci Armii gen. Bulak-BalachowiczaCross of Valour of the Bulak-Balachowicza Army
In the database: 2
Issued:unknown
Cross of Merit in Gold
Krzyz Zaslugi in GoldCross of Merit in Gold
In the database: 178
Issued:unknown
Cross of Merit in Silver
Krzyz Zaslugi in SilverCross of Merit in Silver
In the database: 65
Issued:unknown
Cross of Merit in Brass
Krzyz Zaslugi in BronzeCross of Merit in Brass
In the database: 5
Issued:unknown

Campaign and Service Awards

Commemorative Medal War 1918-1921
Medal Pamiatkowy za Wojne 1918-1921Commemorative Medal War 1918-1921
In the database: 152
Issued:unknown
Cross of Airborne and Antigas Defence League
Krzyz LOPPCross of Airborne and Antigas Defence League
In the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Cross on Silesian Ribbon of Valor and Merit 1st Class
Krzyz na Slaskiej Wstedze Walecznosci i Zaslugi I KlasyCross on Silesian Ribbon of Valor and Merit 1st Class
In the database: 6
Issued:unknown
Cross on Silesian Ribbon of Valor and Merit 2nd Class
Krzyz na Slaskiej Wstedze Walecznosci i Zaslugi II Klasy Cross on Silesian Ribbon of Valor and Merit 2nd Class
In the database: 11
Issued:unknown
Life Saving Medal
Medal Za Ratowanie GinacychLife Saving Medal
In the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Long Service Medal 30 years
Medal Za Dlugoletnia Sluzbe 30 yearsLong Service Medal 30 years
In the database: 0
Issued:unknown
Long Service Medal 20 years
Medal Za Dlugoletnia Sluzbe 20 yearsLong Service Medal 20 years
In the database: 9
Issued:unknown
Long Service Medal 10 years
Medal Za Dlugoletnia Sluzbe 10 yearsLong Service Medal 10 years
In the database: 15
Issued:unknown

Commemorative- / Jubileemedals

Commemorative Medal for the Tenth Anniversary of Independence
Medal 10-lecia Odzyskania NiepodleglosciCommemorative Medal for the Tenth Anniversary of Independence
In the database: 150
Issued:unknown
Legions Cross
Krzyz LegionowyLegions Cross
In the database: 3
Issued:unknown
Commmorative Badge for Political Prisoners
Znak Pamiatkow Wiezniow IdeowychCommmorative Badge for Political Prisoners
In the database: 2
Issued:unknown
Haller Swords
Miecze HallerowskieHaller Swords
In the database: 2
Issued:unknown
Plebiscit Honour Cross 1920
Honorowy Slaski Krzyz PlebiscytowyPlebiscit Honour Cross 1920
In the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Cross of the Federation of Defenders of the Fatherland
Krzyz Federacji Obroncow OjczyznyCross of the Federation of Defenders of the Fatherland
In the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Znak Honoru "Orleta"In the database: 2
Issued:unknown
Polish Allied Victory Medal
Medal ZwyciestwaPolish Allied Victory Medal
In the database: 19
Issued:unknown
Krzyż Obrony LwowaIn the database: 6
Issued:unknown
Odznaka Pamiątkowa Więźniów IdeowychIn the database: 1
Issued:unknown

Wounded and Passed-Away Awards

Wound Badge
Znak za Rany i KontuzjeWound Badge
In the database: 19
Issued:unknown

Civilian Decorations

Krzyż harcerskiIn the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Złoty Wawrzyn AkademickiIn the database: 1
Issued:unknown

War and Service Decorations Armed Forces

Commemorative Badge of the Inspector General of the Armed Forces
Odznaka Pamiatkowa Generalnego Inspektora Sil ZbrojnychCommemorative Badge of the Inspector General of the Armed Forces
In the database: 15
Issued:unknown

War and Service Decorations Army

Anti Aircraft Badge
Znak Pamiatkow Dywizjonow Artylerii PrzeciwlotniczejAnti Aircraft Badge
In the database: 2
Issued:unknown
Reserve Officer Artillery School Badge
Znak Szkoly Podchorazych Rezerwy ArtyleriiReserve Officer Artillery School Badge
In the database: 4
Issued:unknown
Reserve Officers Association Badge
Znak Zwiazek Oficerow RezerwyReserve Officers Association Badge
In the database: 4
Issued:unknown
Tank Badge
Znak PancernyTank Badge
In the database: 3
Issued:unknown
Officer Badge
Znak Oficerski "Parasol"Officer Badge "Parasol"
In the database: 10
Issued:unknown
Badge
Znak "Za wierna sluzbe"Badge "For faithful service"
In the database: 8
Issued:unknown
Memorial badge of the Polish General Staff
Znak Dyplomowanych Oficerow Sztabu GeneralnegoMemorial badge of the Polish General Staff
In the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Memorial Badge 1st Brigade of Polish Legions
Znak Pamiatkow I Brygady Legionow PolskichMemorial Badge 1st Brigade of Polish Legions
In the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Airborne and Antigas Defence League Badge
Znak LOPPAirborne and Antigas Defence League Badge
In the database: 3
Issued:unknown
Badge 1st Polish Corps in Russia
Znak I korpus w RosjiBadge 1st Polish Corps in Russia
In the database: 2
Issued:unknown
Złota Odznaka Honorowa L.O.P.P. I stopniaIn the database: 9
Issued:unknown
Armoured Train
Znak Pociag Pancern "Smialy"Armoured Train "Smialy" Badge
In the database: 0
Issued:unknown
Armoured Train
Znak Pociag Pancern "Pilsudczyk"Armoured Train "Pilsudczyk" Badge
In the database: 0
Issued:unknown

War and Service Decorations Air Force

Air Gunner Wing 1919In the database: 0
Issued:unknown
Air Gunner Wing 1933In the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Bombardier WingIn the database: 12
Issued:unknown
Navigator BadgeIn the database: 15
Issued:unknown
Observer WingIn the database: 33
Issued:unknown
Pilot Wing 1st classIn the database: 0
Issued:unknown
Pilot School WingIn the database: 1
Issued:unknown
Pilot-observer WingIn the database: 4
Issued:unknown