Oppeln-Bronikowski, von, Hermann Leopold August

Date of birth:
January 2nd, 1899 (Berlin, Germany)
Date of death:
September 19th, 1966 (Gaißach/Bavaria, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, German Reich)

Biography

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major
Unit:
Kommandeur Aufklärungs-Abteilung 24/24. Infanteriedivision / 8. Armee / Heeresgruppe Süd
Awarded on:
September 25th, 1939
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 2er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major
Unit:
Kommandeur Aufklärungs-Abteilung 24/24. Infanteriedivision / 8. Armee / Heeresgruppe Süd
Awarded on:
November 10th, 1939
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 1er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst (Colonel)
Unit:
Kommandeur, Panzer-Regiment 204, 22. Panzer-Division, Heer
Awarded on:
January 1st, 1943
Action:
Awarded for the leadership of his Panzer-Regiment during the desperate fighting of Army Group Don in the winter of 1942-43. He had a decisive share in a battle that led to the destruction of an enemy battlegroup. His Panzers claimed the bulk of the losses inflicted on the Soviets by the XXXXVIII. Panzerkorps in the time period 06.12.1943-05.01.1943, which included the following destroyed or captured…

- 451 tanks
- 209 guns
- 752 heavy infantry weapons
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst (Colonel)
Unit:
Kommandeur Panzer-Regiment 11 / 6. Panzer-Division
Awarded on:
August 7th, 1943
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst (Colonel)
Unit:
Kommandeur Panzerregiment 22 / 21. Panzer-Division
Awarded on:
July 28th, 1944
Action:
Awarded for his accomplishments during the battle of Normandy, where he and his Panzer Regiment held their positions for 32 days in the area around Caen against overwhelming allied superiority.
Details:
536th Award.
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generalmajor (Brigadier)
Unit:
Kommandeur 20. Panzer-Division / 17. Armee / Heeresgruppe Mitte
Awarded on:
April 17th, 1945
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern
Action:
Awarded for his leadership of the 20. Panzer-Division during the fighting on the Eastern front in early 1945, which included the following successes…

27.01.1945: Attacked in a southerly direction in the industrial region of Upper Silesia, wherein his men were able to open a retreat route for the bulk of the trapped German divisions there. In this action Oppeln-Bronikowski was twice shot up while in an armoured vehicle.

07.02.1945: Commanded a successful night attack near Grottkau.

15-17.03.1945: Contained a deep enemy break-in north of Neiße, which the enemy had created by advancing in a southerly direction from Grottkau.

18.03.1945: Preventing an enemy breakthrough towards the Neiße-Ottmachau road. The Soviets had advanced along the axis Stephansdorf - Groß Gießmannsdorf - Hochdorf with the aim of encircling Neiße from the west. Oppeln-Bronikowski quickly counterattacked into the enemy occupied territory and destroyed their armoured spearhead at Hochdorf. He then launched a further counterstroke against the enemy group in the park north of Groß Gießmannsdorf with the same result.
Details:
142nd award.
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Details:
Silver version.
Panzerkampfabzeichen (ohne Zahl)

Sources

  • Photo 1: Willi Schumacher Collection
  • Photo: Willi Schumacher Collection
  • - THOMAS, FRANZ & WEGMANN, GÜNTER, Die Eichenlaubträger 1940-1945, Biblio-Verlag, 1998.
    - Die Ordensträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht
    - Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer, Elite of the Third Reich - The Recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939-45: A Reference, Helion & Company Limited, England, 2003
    - Berger, F., Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern – Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges, Selbstverlag Florian Berger, Wien, Österreich, 2002/03
    - Helden der Wehrmacht, Sammelband (Miscellany), FZ-Verlag GmbH, München, Deutschland, 2000
    - Federl, C., Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Panzerdivisionen 1939-1945, VDM Heinz Nickel, Zweibrücken, Germany, 2000

Photo