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Busch, Ernst

Date of birth:
July 6th, 1885 (Steele near Essen, Germany)
Date of death:
July 17th, 1945 (Camp Aldershot near London, Great Britain)
Buried on:
German War Cemetery Cannock Chase
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, Third Reich)

Biography

Field Marshall. Commander of the 16.Armee.

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Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Awarded on:
September 20th, 1914
Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse (1914)
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Awarded on:
March 6th, 1915
Eisernes Kreuz 1.Klasse (1914)
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Awarded on:
June 14th, 1917
Ritter des Königlicher Preussischer Hausordens von Hohenzollern
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Awarded on:
October 4th, 1918
Pour le Mérite
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
January 1st, 1935
Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht  1.Klasse, 25 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General (Lieutenant-general)
Unit:
VIII.Armeekorps
Awarded on:
September 25th, 1939
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 1er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General (Lieutenant-general)
Unit:
VIII.Armeekorps
Awarded on:
September 18th, 1939
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 2er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General der Infanterie (Lieutenant-General of Infantry)
Unit:
Oberbefehlshaber 16.Armee
Awarded on:
May 26th, 1940
The following wartime excerpt describes why Busch was awarded the Knight’s Cross…

“General der Infanterie Busch has masterfully conducted difficult leadership actions while serving as the commander of the 16. Armee. More than this he has also decisively influenced the success of the attack of the VII. Armee-Korps (located on the right wing of his Armee) around and south of Carrigan.”
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generaloberst (General)
Unit:
Oberbefehlshaber 16.Armee
Awarded on:
July 30th, 1942
Medaille
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generaloberst (General)
Awarded on:
March 29th, 1943
Awarded with swords.
Vapaudenristin 1.luokka rintatähtineen (VR 1 rt)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generalfeldmarschall (Field Marshall)
Unit:
Oberbefehlshaber 16. Armee
Awarded on:
August 21st, 1943
The following press excerpt describes why Busch would be awarded the Oakleaves to his Knight’s Cross…

“During the campaign against the Soviet Union he led the Armee that broke through the Stalin Line along the Lithuanian and Latvian-Soviet border and then thrust ahead to Lake Ilmen. Over a succession of brilliantly led battles he destroyed much larger enemy forces south of Lake Ilmen. His Armee then had to fight particularly hard during the subsequent defensive battles since the winter of 1941/42. A portion of his troops were encircled in ‘Fortress Demyansk’. Extremely difficult tasks had to be completed in the 12 months of combat up until the time when the protruding frontline salient was finally evacuated, and Generalfeldmarschall Busch was able to master these through his skillful and energetic leadership. His name is inseparably connected to the difficult battles to restore contact with the encircled units and then conduct numerous defensive engagements south of Lake Ilmen, battles which will go down as glorious chapters in the history of the German Army.”
274th Award.
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub

Sources

Photos