These memorial-stones (so-called Stolpersteine of stumbling blocks) commemorate:
Gertrud Marchand (born 1922, murdered in Minsk)
Helene Marchand (born 1894, murdered in Minsk)
Lothar Marchand (born 1932, murdered in Minsk)
Louis Marchand (born 1893, murdered in Minsk)
The small copper plaques, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were murdered by the Nazis, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.
In many other cities, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques, and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.
For more information and pictures, please visit Stolpersteine in Cologne (in German).
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- Text: Fedor de Vries
- Photos: Anneke Moerenhout