These memorial-stones (so-called Stolpersteine of stumbling blocks) commemorate:
Siegfried Fränkel (born 1891, murdered in Minsk)
Betty Fränkel (born 1922, murdered in Minsk)
Rika Fränkel (born 1892, murdered in Minsk)
Kurt Menkel (born 1920, murdered in Minsk)
Rosa Menkel (born 1895, murdered in Minsk)
Walter Menkel (born 1922, murdered in Minsk)

The small brass plaques, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were persecuted or murdered by the Nazis, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.

In many other cities, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques, and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.

For more information and pictures, please visit Stolpersteine Bremen (in German).

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  • Text: Fedor de Vries
  • Photos: Anneke Moerenhout