These memorial stones (so called Stolpersteine of stumbling blocks) commemorate:
Adolf David Freund (born 1887, murdered in Gurs on 28-12-1940)
Clara Freund (born 1884, escaped)
Amalie Freund (born 1920, escaped)
Heinrich Freund (born 1925, escaped and killed as American soldier on 25-12-1944)
The small brass plaques, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were persecuted or murdered by the Nazis, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.
In many other cities, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.
For more information and pictures, please visit Stolpersteine Heidelberg (in German).
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- Text: Fedor de Vries
- Photos: TracesOfWar.com