The municipal cemetery Rusthof in Amersfoort, also known as the general cemetery Rusthof Oud Leusden, was built by the Municipality of Amersfoort but is actually in the Municipality of Leusden. The cemetery contains a great diversity of war victims of various nationalities and wars.
Most war graves date from the Second World War. From this war are also the majority of nationalities; Greeks, Czechs, Dutch (including a Moluccan and an Austrian), Italians, Poles, Yugoslavs, Romanians, an Hungarian and various nationalities from the British Commonwealth, which also filed a Belgian and a Frenchman. Many of these victims were killed in Camp Amersfoort or were transferred from the American cemetery in Margraten, just after it was reorganized after the Second World War. A uncommon war grave is the grave of the Brazilian Volksdeutscher (German ancestors) Alfons Krienen. He was brought to military service because he stayed in Germany during the war. He committed suicide because he could not find himself in the Nazi Thought. After the war, all German graves that were located in this cemetery were transferred to the German war cemetery in Ysselsteyn, except the private tomb of Alfons Krienen. Part of this cemetery but located separately is the Russian cemetery where 865 Soviet Russians are buried, most of them were transferred after the Second World War from the American cemetery in Margraten.
There are also graves dating back to the First World War, or rather, just after. These are Italians and Portuguese. Presumably they died as a result of the Spanish flu. How they came up here in the Netherlands is unknown.
Very special is also an American war grave from the Vietnam War, which is probably the only American war grave from this war in the Netherlands. The US Air Force airman who is buried here was probably killed by an accident when he was on leave with his Dutch wife.
On the cemetery are also the graves of Christian David van der Linden, who died in Bosnia in 1997, Menno Herbert Adriaen Lodders (Russia, 1992) and of Wolter Gijsbert van Thiel who died in Mali in 2015.
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- Text: Paul Moerenhout
- Photos: Paul & Anneke Moerenhout
- DOEKE J. OOSTRA, Gesneuvelden in steen, Penn uitgeverij, Leeuwarden, 2009.