This dungeon was used by the Japanese occupation force to imprison Allied POW's, resistance fighters and political prisoners. Many died during the occupation.
Fort Santiago in Manila like Fort Stotsenbergh in Northern Luzon was already a military camp of the 26th Cavalry U.S. Regiment also known as Philippine Scouts. This camp was under Lt. Moses B. Mohammed, U.S. Army. When the Japanese attacked the Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, the Japanese subsequently attacked Manila, occupying most of the buildings in the city of Manila. Fort Santiago was then abandoned by the 26th Cavalry U.S. Regiment officers and men. Then most of them found refuge in Northern Luzon and engaged as guerrillas. Major Edwin Price Ramsey, also of the 26th Cavalry U.S Regiment was also dispersed from Stotsenbergh and then like the rest, also engaged in guerrilla warfare against the Japanese.
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