Tychsen, Christian

Date of birth:
December 3rd, 1910 (Flensburg/Schleswig-Holstein, Germany)
Date of death:
July 28th, 1944 (Crossroad St. Denis-Gavray/Normandy, France)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, German Reich)

Biography

In service from October 1st 1934.

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
SS-Hauptsturmführer (Captain)
Unit:
Kommandeur 3.Kradschützen-Kompagnie / Aufklarungsabteilung / SS-Verfügungsdivision
Awarded on:
May 30th, 1940
Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
SS-Hauptsturmführer (Captain)
Unit:
Kommandeur 3.Kradschützen-Kompagnie / Aufklarungsabteilung / SS-Verfügungsdivision
Awarded on:
July 18th, 1940
Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
July 3rd, 1941
Details:
Bronze version.
Infanterie-Sturmabzeichen
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
July 30th, 1941
Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Schwarz
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
November 20th, 1941
Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Silber
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
SS-Hauptsturmführer
Unit:
SS-Kradschützen-Bataillon "Das Reich"
Awarded on:
February 12th, 1942
Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
SS-Hauptsturmführer
Unit:
SS-Kradschützen-Bataillon "Das Reich"
Awarded on:
May 30th, 1942
Details:
Award 115/2.
Date according the "Vorschlag" to the Ritterkreuz, in the "Vorschlag" to the Eichenlaub the date for the DKiG states May 13th 1942.
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
August 20th, 1942
Medaille
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
SS-Sturmbannführer (Majoor)
Unit:
Kommandeur II. / SS-Panzer-Regiments 2 / SS-Panzer-Grenadier-Division "Das Reich" / Armeeabteilung "Kempf" / Heeresgruppe Süd
Awarded on:
March 31st, 1943
Action:
Tychsen's Knight's Cross recommendation reads as follows...

"SS-Sturmbannführer Tychsen led a counter attack on 11.2.43 to retake Privolje, east of Kharkov, with 16 tanks of his unit and a Battalion of the 213th Security Division. Through skillful leadership and electrifying bravery, he destroyed a powerful group of the enemy trying to break through to Kharkov. After his infantry took cover, Tychsen thrust into the oncoming enemy with his tanks. When they retreated, he pursued them until they were destroyed. While leading the attack his tank was hit three times by anti-tank fire and put out of action.

On 18.2.43 Tychsen had the order to move his tanks along the edge of Kharkov and with his unit, destroy the enemy armour that had entered the northwest edge of the city. This would protect the Division when it fought through to the southwest the following night. Simultaneously, the enemy had broken into the southeast section of Kharkov. When Tychsen learned the enemy was already deep within the city, he decided to push into the western area of the city despite having no infantry support. He accepted the hazards of his decision (which would involve street fighting) because he could prevent any further penetration by the enemy into the inner city only if he attacked immediately. That would in turn prevent the encirclement of the Division east of Kharkov.

After silencing numerous anti-tank guns, Tychsen led his unit into the city and smashed the strong enemy columns. During the following night he covered the withdrawal of the Division with his unit by sealing off the enemy occupied sectors of the city. His independent decision to engage in this street fighting, without regard for his own safety, allowed the remaining portions of the Division to extricate themselves as planned.

SS-Sturmbannführer Tychsen has through his independent decision with his Pz. Abt. in street fighting, without any regard for the losses, broke through the enemy and made possible the planned capture of Kharkov by the Division. By including the Division he thereby prevented heavy losses in weapons and equipment.

SS-Sturrnbannführer Tychsen is a hard soldier who demands of his men, and also himself, to draw up all the effort they can muster. In the year 1942, after being wounded five times and regularly displaying personal courage, he received the German Cross in Gold. It is an especially worthy measure, to wear the Knight's Cross."
Details:
1627th Award.
Submitted on March 1st 1943.
Preliminary document and decoration on April 3rd 1943 to Heeresgruppe Süd.
The "Vorschlag" for the Eichenlaub, states as the award date for the Ritterkreuz April 1st 1943.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
SS-Sturmbannführer (Major)
Unit:
Kommandeur II. / SS-Panzer-Regiment 2 / 2.SS-Panzer-Division "Das Reich" / Heeresgruppe Süd
Awarded on:
December 10th, 1943
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
Action:
Tychsen's Oakleaves recommendation reads as follows...

"After the left flank of the XXXXVIII. Panzerkorps failed to repulse the enemy bridgehead west of Chodoroff on the 29.10.1943, the Russians launched a further attack on multiple positions on the 1.11.43 after a half-hour artillery barrage. The enemy intended to break through our weak defense line and link both his bridgeheads, while advancing to the main road at Pij.

In our sector, all enemy attacks with armour support were repulsed with heavy fighting. Against the adjacent right Division, the Russians conquered Hill 188.0 with sixteen tanks and infantry. From there they controlled the villages of Grushevo and Dudari, where the left flank of our neighbouring Korps was engaged in bitter fighting.

The III. Artillery Battalion of the Division "Das Reich" blocked the advance of the enemy past Grushevo, but the threat to the open left flank was not eliminated. In this situation SS-Sturmbannführer Tychsen decided to withdraw from the tough defensive fighting with one Tiger and three Panzer IV tanks and attack the flank of the enemy with his Pioneer Zug. This gallant decision captured Hill 188.0 in an attack by this weak group. At the same time, Tychsen prevented the enemy infantry from counter attacking. He personally destroyed two of the three T-34s and led his Pioneers in close combat to clean out the enemy positions. During that time, his tanks provided fire support and destroyed a further six enemy tanks. The Russian Battalion was destroyed and Hill 188.0 again held by an adjacent Division.

Now the infantry of the neighbouring Division was able to occupy Hill 188.0 once more. The very dangerous situation for the neigbouring Korps to the left was hereby removed.

SS-Sturmbannführer Tychsen mastered the situation in this area. His decision to assist the adjacent unit, his personal courage and example as a fighter permitted the success of the attacks. Enemy losses were so severe that they retreated to the north. By the night of the 1.11.43, all positions were again in our possession.

SS-Sturmbannführer Tychsen is especially well-known as a brave SS-Leader, not only within his Division, but wider afield. In the fighting of the summer campaigns this year, he was the soul of the Panzer battles. Both in the attack and on the defense his Battalion achieved the highest results. This happened again and again through his high enthusiasm, full responsibility and exemplary bravery.

Tychsen achieved an outstanding success in the Psel sector on the 8.7.43, and again on the 1.8.43 at Marinovka along the Mius River. On the latter day, Tychsen and his unit supported the tremendously hard defensive battles of SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment "Der Führer", that had to repel 17 enemy attacks.

During the retreat to the Dnieper River, Tychsen's unit was ordered to slow the enemy with its' few remaining tanks so the mechanized infantry could withdraw. This gallantly led mission lasted several days and Tychsen even managed to rescue his heavily damaged tanks from being captured by the enemy.

SS-Sturmbannführer Tychsen, on the basis of his personal bravery and fighting ability, and his unique achievements, is especially worthy of the high honour of the award of the Oakleaves to the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross."
Details:
353rd Award.
Submitted on December 2nd 1943.
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
1944
Nahkampfspange in Silber

Sources

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