- Second World War (1939-1945)
- SS-Sturmbannführer (Majoor)
- Kommandeur II. / SS-Panzer-Regiments 2 / SS-Panzer-Grenadier-Division "Das Reich" / Armeeabteilung "Kempf" / Heeresgruppe Süd
- Awarded on:
- March 31st, 1943
Tychsen's Knight's Cross recommendation reads as follows...
"SS-Sturmbannführer Tychsen led a counter attack on 11.2.43 to retake Privolje, east of Kharkov, with 16 tanks of his unit and a Battalion of the 213th Security Division. Through skillful leadership and electrifying bravery, he destroyed a powerful group of the enemy trying to break through to Kharkov. After his infantry took cover, Tychsen thrust into the oncoming enemy with his tanks. When they retreated, he pursued them until they were destroyed. While leading the attack his tank was hit three times by anti-tank fire and put out of action.
On 18.2.43 Tychsen had the order to move his tanks along the edge of Kharkov and with his unit, destroy the enemy armour that had entered the northwest edge of the city. This would protect the Division when it fought through to the southwest the following night. Simultaneously, the enemy had broken into the southeast section of Kharkov. When Tychsen learned the enemy was already deep within the city, he decided to push into the western area of the city despite having no infantry support. He accepted the hazards of his decision (which would involve street fighting) because he could prevent any further penetration by the enemy into the inner city only if he attacked immediately. That would in turn prevent the encirclement of the Division east of Kharkov.
After silencing numerous anti-tank guns, Tychsen led his unit into the city and smashed the strong enemy columns. During the following night he covered the withdrawal of the Division with his unit by sealing off the enemy occupied sectors of the city. His independent decision to engage in this street fighting, without regard for his own safety, allowed the remaining portions of the Division to extricate themselves as planned.
SS-Sturmbannführer Tychsen has through his independent decision with his Pz. Abt. in street fighting, without any regard for the losses, broke through the enemy and made possible the planned capture of Kharkov by the Division. By including the Division he thereby prevented heavy losses in weapons and equipment.
SS-Sturrnbannführer Tychsen is a hard soldier who demands of his men, and also himself, to draw up all the effort they can muster. In the year 1942, after being wounded five times and regularly displaying personal courage, he received the German Cross in Gold. It is an especially worthy measure, to wear the Knight's Cross."
Submitted on March 1st 1943.
Preliminary document and decoration on April 3rd 1943 to Heeresgruppe Süd.
The "Vorschlag" for the Eichenlaub, states as the award date for the Ritterkreuz April 1st 1943.