Medaille "Winterschlacht im Osten 1941/42" (Ostmedaille)

The Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal (Winterschlacht im Osten 1941/1942 medaille/East Front Medal) is instituted on 26-05-1942, to reward those who had taken part in the first winter campaign in Russia between 15-11-1941 and 15-04-1942. This medal is designed by SS-Unterscharfführer Ernst Kraus and could be awarded to military personal as well as to civilians who were working for the Army, as long as they qualified for one the criteria. Because of this the Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal is one of the most awarded German awards. By the order of the OKW (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht) the awarding of this medal ceased on 04-09-1944.

The Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal is made from bunt metal or out of zinc. The medal has a round shape with a diameter of 36mm. The obverse is slightly concave and the reverse convex. At the outer edge of the medal, is a 1,5mm width flat rim, with at the inside a 1mm high lip. At the top of the medal is a stick grenade horizontally placed, with on top of that a steel German Wehrmacht helm. On the top of the helm is a small eyelet placed to accommodate the ring for the ribbon. The height measures from the top of the eyelet to the bottom of the medal 44,5mm. The image on the obverse shows a typical Wehrmacht eagle with folded wings, that in clutching a swastika in its claws. Behind the swastika is a branch of laurel leaves placed. This branch is placed diagonally and only half visible. The image on the reverse exists of the text: WINTERSCHLACHT IM OSTEN 1941/1942 with underneath another branch of laurel leaves, which is crossed by a broad sword. The medal has a gunmetal colour with the outer rim and helm being bright silver. The medal is suspended by a broad red ribbon, with in the centre a black stripe, which is flanked by two smaller white one’s. Its foundation decree stated that the red represented the bloodshed, the white stood for snow and the black for those who had fallen. Some know manufacturers are: (3) Wilhelm Deumer from Lüdenscheid, (4) Steinahuser & Lück from Lüdenscheid, (5) Hermann Wernstein from Jena-Löbstadt, (6) Fritz Zimmermann from Stuttgart, (7) Paul Meybauer from Berlin, (10) Foerster & Barth from Pforzheim, (11) Grossmann & Co from Vienna, (13) Gustav Brehmer from Markneukirchen, (15) Friedrich Orth from Vienna, (19) E. Ferdinand Wiedmann from Frankfurt, (20) C.F. Zimmermann from Pforzheim, (25) Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Hanauer Silberschmiede, (30) Hauptmünzamt from Vienna, (39) Rudolf Berge from Gablonz, (55) J.E. Hammer & Söhne from Geringswalde, (60) Katz & Deyhle from Pforzheim, (65) Klein & Quenzer from Idar-Oberstein, (73) Franz Möhnert from Gablonz, (76) Ernst Müller from Pforzheim, (80) G.H. Osang from Dresden, (88) Werner Redo from Saarlautern, (92) Josef Rückert & Sohn from Gablonz,
(93) Richard Simm & Söhne from Gablonz, (100) Rudolf Wächtler & Lange from Mittweida, (107) Carl Wild from Hamburg, (110) Otto Zappe from Gablonz,
(127) Moritz Hausch from Pforzheim, (L/55) Rudolf Wächtler & Lange from Mittweida and (L/57) B. Boerger & Co from Berlin. The most of these medal are not marked, those who are have the maker mark stamped in the ring of the ribbon.

The Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal was awarded in a blue, red or buff coloured paper bag, with the name of the award printed on it. It was awarded with a standard award document and conferment of the award was entered in the Soldbuch.

On official occasions or military parades the medal was worn suspended from its ribbon or as part of a group. During active duty only the ribbon was worn through the second buttonhole or as part of a ribbon bar. When it was worn through the buttonhole, it was put behind the ribbon of the Iron Cross 2 (Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse) or The War Merit Cross second class (Kriegsverdienstkreuz 2. Klasse) but among combat troops it is often seen after the last because of the higher prestige of the Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal.

The criteria for receiving this award were:

That the recipient had been engaged in combat for at least 2 weeks.
That the recipient spent at least 60 days in the operation area.
That the recipient inflicted a wound during combat.
When the recipient suffered serious frostbite for which the Wounded Badge 1939 in Black (Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Schwarz) was awarded. Because of this the Eastern Winter 1941/1942 Campaign Medal was also know as the “Frozen Meat Order.” (Gefreierfleischorden)

For Luftwaffe personal was the criteria, that they had flown at least 30 days above enemy territory.

Abel, Adolf Wilhelm* October 18th, 1914
† August 26th, 1944

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Abel, Alfred* December 31st, 1920
† January 2nd, 1943
Plot: 10 Row: 12 Grave: 1058

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Abel, Josef* January 3rd, 1914
† December 1st, 1984

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Grid List
NameDate of birthDate of deathAwards
Waal, van der, Arend Johannus30-08-192200-00-1944 
Wachter, Heinrich13-01-1916 more 
Wagener, Carl23-12-190103-06-1988 
Wagner, Gustav23-09-189014-12-1951more 
Wagner, Hans11-03-189613-05-1967more 
Wahle, Carl Richard Heinrich07-02-189223-02-1975more 
Wal, van der, Jaap28-04-192200-00-1943 
Waldeck und Pyrmont, Prinz zu, Maximilian W.G.H.13-09-189823-02-1981more 
Waldheim, Kurt Josef21-12-191814-06-2007 
Waldmüller, Hans13-09-191208-09-1944more 
Waldow, Hermann11-04-191609-06-1944 
Walischewski, Adolf  more 
Waller, Karl13-12-1914  
Walter, Herbert   
Walterbach, Bernhard30-10-191826-07-1997more 
Wandel, Martin15-04-189214-01-1943more 
Wandmaker, Helmut09-11-191619-07-2007more 
Wanka, Karl01-06-191403-05-1980more 
Warmenhoven, Pierre00-00-191600-00-1943 
Warnecke, Friedrich "Fritz"25-11-189804-05-1968more 
Warschnauer, Horst28-12-191926-12-1948more 
Wassenaar, J.P. Jr.22-06-192200-00-1943 
Wassmann, Rudolf07-10-1914  
Weber, Alois30-11-191519-01-2003 
Weber, Franciscus06-08-191800-00-1944 
Weber, Gottfried31-01-189117-08-1958more 
Weber, Karel12-01-192203-06-2006 
Weber, Philipp (WH-Unteroffizier)15-07-190809-02-1944 
Weber, Wilhelm19-03-191802-03-1980more 
Wechsung, Willi29-12-191322-03-2001more 
Weckmann, Harry09-12-190611-02-1945 
Weert de, Klaas Hermanus19-12-1919  
Wegener, Wilhelm29-04-189524-09-1944more 
Wegerer, Ferdinand09-08-191708-12-1999more 
Wegner, Wilhelm21-09-191410-03-1989more 
Weichler, Heinrich "Heinz"  more 
Weichs, von, Maximillian12-11-188127-09-1954more 
Weidemann, Friedrich Karl   
Weidling, Helmuth Otto Ludwig02-11-189117-11-1955more 
Weidmann, Paul16-12-191502-03-1943 
Weigl, Anton   
Weihe, Edmund07-10-1916 more 
Weijers, Frans03-08-192100-00-1944 
Weimer, Kilian Otto12-05-190421-09-1979more 
Weineck, Johannes25-12-191514-12-2005more 
Weingartner, Martin22-10-192017-08-1944more 
Weinknecht, Friedrich05-10-189526-10-1964more 
Weis, Arthur   
Weisel, Erwin07-04-191701-03-2013 
Weisenbach, Ernst14-10-191909-10-1943more 
Weisenberger, Karl29-09-189028-03-1952more 
Weiser, Gerhard (Jäger-Regiment 83)08-04-1914 more 
Weiser, Hans05-09-1920 more 
Weiss, Josef   
Weiss, Rudolf  more 
Weissenberger, Theodor21-12-191410-06-1950more 
Weissflog, Hans-Joachim24-02-192311-08-1995more 
Weitkunat, Adolf07-02-189528-06-1988more 
Weitz, Kurt   
Weiß, Adolf (WH-Infanterie)03-04-1906 more 
Weiß, Alfred13-06-191407-02-1945 
Weiß, Friedrich27-09-191912-10-1992more 
Weiß, Hans28-08-191102-10-1978more 
Weiß, Herbert02-01-191422-09-1999 
Weiß, Otto Albert Bernhard25-09-190719-08-1955 
Weiß, Walter05-09-189021-12-1967more 
Weißbrodt, Eberhard 25-08-1990more 
Weißmann, Heinz15-02-191904-08-1943more 
Welck, Freiherr von, Kurt Klemens Georg-Magnus04-03-1911  
Weller, Franz05-12-190114-08-1994more 
Wellm, August25-06-189921-12-1962more 
Wellmann, Ernst14-01-190417-07-1970more 
Wenck, Walther18-09-190001-05-1982more 
Wendelken, Harry19-04-191500-00-1945more 
Wendenburg, Gerhard18-09-189610-12-1961 
Wendlinger, Johann28-09-192217-12-1943 
Wendt, Olaf15-01-1917  
Wenz, Alfred Emil01-12-191919-09-1944more 
Wenzelburger, Georg22-12-191018-01-2000more 
Werder, von, Richard20-05-189728-02-1984more 
Werner, Gerhard21-05-191608-09-1944more 
Wernig, Emil28-03-192020-11-1943more 
Werthern, Freiherr von, Thilo24-07-191210-01-2004more 
Wesche, Willi08-01-189927-06-1944more 
Wessel, Walter21-04-189220-07-1943more 
Westernhagen, von, Fritz19-01-1916  
Westhoven, Franz07-12-189409-10-1983more 
Westphalen zu Fürstenberg, Graf von, Hermenegild10-03-190928-05-1944more 
Wetz, Oskar18-09-191211-10-1943more 
Wetzel, Jakob20-09-1920  
Wetzel, Wilhelm17-07-188804-07-1964more 
Weyhraük, Heinrich   
Weyrauther, Hermann29-06-190402-03-1980 
Wieprecht, Josef Friedrich15-08-191500-00-1999more 
Wiese, Friedrich05-12-189213-02-1972more 
Wiese, Heinrich27-02-191031-03-1987more 
Wiesemann, Emil Gottfried11-09-191414-11-1943more 
Wieser, Anton 07-07-1944 
Wietersheim, von, Walter29-11-191719-01-2002more 
Wilhelm, Josef04-10-191704-10-1944 
Wilke, Giselher18-04-192218-02-2007 
Will, Heinrich (WH-Pioniere)21-09-1914  
Willig, Karl31-08-190802-12-1977 
Willikens, Dietrich10-09-1915 more 
Willing, Gerhard28-11-191029-10-1943 
Wimmer, Friedrich27-12-191205-07-1986more 
Wimmer, Johann (Regiment "Hermann Göring")20-11-191220-07-1983more 
Wimmer, Josef 24-10-1944 
Windbiel, Anton16-08-191021-06-1986more 
Windisch, Alois03-02-189228-12-1958more 
Wineberger, Wilhelm17-10-1911 more 
Wingenroth, Wilhelm  more 
Winkler, Mathias 22-07-1943 
Winnerl, Rudolf15-03-191626-02-1991more 
Winters, Karl18-10-1921  
Wirsching, Maximilian23-11-191918-04-2004more 
Wirsing, Karl-Heinz05-04-1907  
Wisch, Theodor Peter Johann "Teddy"13-12-190711-01-1995more 
Witschel, Kurt26-03-191514-04-1992more 
Witt, Fritz25-05-190814-06-1944more 
Wittchow, von Brese-Winiary, Heinz13-01-191403-12-1995more 
Wittenbecher, Heinz05-08-191415-07-1943more 
Wittgenstein, Freiherr von , Leo-Volkhard13-07-191322-02-1945more 
Witthaus, Heinrich09-05-191410-07-1944more 
Witthöft, Joachim23-09-188707-07-1966more 
Wittmann, Michael22-04-191408-08-1944more 
Wittwer, Herbert28-05-191016-01-1990more 
Wnuk, Elfriede15-02-191616-08-1999 
Wode, Werner30-04-1915 more 
Wodrig, Albert16-07-188331-10-1972more 
Wohnhas, Walter10-06-1918 more 
Wolber, Friedrich07-02-1920  
Wolf, Werner27-10-191425-07-2002more 
Wolff, Freiherr von, Johann Gottlieb Hans19-03-190328-06-1944more 
Wolff, Günther (Panzer-Regiment 11)19-09-191509-06-1990more 
Wolff, Ludwig (Heer- General der infanterie)03-04-189309-11-1968more 
Wolff, Werner28-11-192229-03-1945 
Wolkerstorfer, Oskar02-11-191911-01-1971more 
Wolkewitz, Erich29-01-190430-06-1987more 
Wrede, Freiherr von, Theodor03-11-188830-03-1973more 
Wreschniok, Heinz22-03-1916  
Wrona, Günter17-04-191618-07-2010more 
Wulf, Hermann25-07-191519-05-1990more 
Wulf, Rudolf12-12-190514-11-1972more 
Wulff, Karl19-04-191702-12-1984more 
Wurm, Franz   
Wuthmann, Rolf26-08-189320-10-1977more 
Wünnenberg, Alfred20-07-189130-12-1967more 
Wünsche, Max20-04-191418-04-1995more 
Wöhrle, Hans  more 
Wöst, Günther10-07-191700-10-1989more 

Sources