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Instructions regarding War Diaries and Intelligence Summaries are contained in F.S. Regs., Vol. 1. and the Staff Manual respectively Title pages will be prepared in manuscript.

WAR DIARY
or
INTELLIGENCE SUMMARY
Army Form C.2118
Unit: 3rd R. Tks.
Month and Year: September 1944 (Erase heading not required). Commanding Officer: Lt. Col. DAH Silvertop, MC Major N.H. Bourne DSO
Place Date Hour Summary Reference
1 0600 Reveille.
1 0730 Bn moves fwd on CL - in reserve - Order of March, B, RHQ, C,A, G Coy. A1.
1 1400 G Coy send patrol to wood to investigate whether it was V1 site of not - 2816 (MR) - Rpt unfinished site possibly V1, probably V 2. BSO takes 50 PWs.
1 1800 Bn moves through AUBIGNY 3407.
Servins 1 1830 RHQ in area SERVINS 3814.C Sqn in observation area N & NE of HERSIN 3919.
1 2030 COs conference - General idea to continue adv tomorrow EAST - further orders later.
1 2225 IO to Bde for maps.
2 0305 Orders for adv received.
2 0600 Reveille.
2 0630 COs conference. Adv to continue on three routes. 23H - right 3 R Tks - centr - 2 FF Yeo - left.
2 0730 Cross SL X-rds in SERVINS 3814. Order of March;-B, Recce. RHQ, C,A,G Coy & A1. Raining heavily throughout morning. Visibilité low.
2 1000 Progress held at LENS on left route as bridges blown. In particular the main bridge was blown in 1940 and has never been repaired. This necesitates recce for crossing to the N&S - all bridges blown or not strong enough to take tanks.
2 1100 Ordered to cross on CL bridge and to follow Tac Bde over.
2 1130 Cross river and go to area 5622. Ordered received that we are to be responsible for crossing at 5519 and keep observation to N & NE.
2 1200 C Sqn area of bridge 5519.
2 1300 Tp of B Sqn push North and report BAUVIN (5624) clear also rpts from french that PROVIN 5923 clear. Some PW taken.
2 1430 Enemy rpted in LA BASSEE 5037 SECLIN rptd in enemy hands.
2 2000 COs conference.
3 0600 Reveille.
3 0700 Bn move on left route.
3 1600 Bn cross BELGIUM border - resistance NIL.
3 1930 Halt with head 290560. Column attacked - tank brewed up.
3 2000 Move fwd and leaguer at
4 0300 410670Apart from incident at 290560 opposition sligh. Many horse drawn transport and MT retreating on road destroyed during day and night.
4 0530 Reveille.
4 0630 Bn moves continuing adv on ANTWERP. Orders being to enter ANTWERP with all speed and proceed straight to harbour area with the object of proventing demolitions, 3 R Tks move on left route. Routes taken direct from LO's maps.
4 1200 Reach BOOM 6481 and make successful crossing of bridge against certain amount of opposition including mined crossing.
4 1600 Reach outskirts of ANTWERP and within 15 minutes have entered the town.Resistance from snipers and machine gun fire increases as the centre of the town is reached.
4 1630 Bridge across canal rptd mined and under hvy fire.
4 1645 Bridge successfully crossed by Lt. Stubbs, who had already been first across at BOOM.
4 1700 Orders received that only 1 Sqn plus pln of Inf should stay in ANTWERP. By this time whole of Bn was across and a troop down in harbour area - Order therefore cancelled.
4 1800 Resistance in centre of town fairly consistant, but being dealt with.
4 1930 Bn ordered to area 858962 less 1 Sqn remaining in dock area.
4 2030 In leaguer.
5 0630 Reveille.
5 0900 CO to C Sqn in ANTWERP where they are observing and holding dock area.
5 1100 Orders received from Bde. 11 Armd Div to clear ANTWERP. 29 Armd Bde to liquidate enemy pockets. Probable stay 2 days. Units to conc on maintnenance.
5 1130 Div Comd. Major-General G.P.B. Roberts, DSO, MC pays personal visit to CO to congratulate the Bn on its magnificent performance during the last two days.
858962 5 1200 Bn moves to new area - Chateau 633878.
5 1300 Arrive in new area.
5 1330 COs conference.
5 1800 5 3 tonners to ANTWERP for evening.
6 0700 Reveille.
6 0730 Net.
6 1000 COs conference. No news of further move received. Full maintenance to be carried out.
6 1400 50% of Bn to ANTWERP for afternoon. Raining heavily throughout afternoon and evening.
6 1800 COs conference. No further details of move available.
6 1900 Warning Order. - move tomorrow, not likely before 0800hrs.
6 1930 Rpt Germans in area HEMIXEN - SCHELLE - NIEL.
6 2000 G Coy send patrol to HEMIXEN 6288 - all clear. SCHELLE & NIEL rpt all clear as well, although possibly German infiltration recognised.
6 2100 Order expected in 3 hours - does not arrive. Order of March for tomorrow B, G Coy, RHQ with Recce, A,C,.
7 0530 Reveille.
7 0600 Net.
7 0640 29 Armd Bde 00 No.18 received.
7 0715 Bn moves to ANTWERP. Head halted at bridge. 690992.
7 1100 Bde ordered to return to original area pending change of plan, du to MERXEM 6998 being strongly held.
7 1300 Bn arrives at area 633878.
7 1330 COs conference.
7 1800 COs conference. No further news re move-anticipated it may be tomorrow first light
7 1900 Warning Order from Bde. Prepare to move first light tomorrow Sept 8 in SE direction.
8 0530 Reveille.
8 0900 Bde Move. Order No.3. Bde to concentrate area DIEST 1169.
8 1030 Bn moves. Order of March RHQ, A,B,C, G Coy, At.
121663 8 1730 Bn arrives at new area.
8 1745 Cos conference. A Sqn to recce psn. Recce to recce.
8 2000 CO to Bde.
8 2100 Conference. Routine tomorrow Rev. 0615 Net 0630.
9 0615 Reveille.
9 0630 Net.
9 0730 Bde Order arrives.
9 0740 COs conference. Bn to move to 2 FF Yeo area N & NE of BEERINGEN 2475.Order of March G Coy, B Sqn RHQ, A,C, A1.
9 1200 CO receives orders direct from Maj-General G.P.B. Roberts DSO,MC (11 Armd Div) and in consequence Bn is ordered to enemy resistance in area NW & N of BEERINGEN up to railway line. A Sqn take main rd running North from town B Sqn take rd running north just over canal. C Sqn recce TERUANT 2176.
9 1300 Contact made with Belgium Bde and in consequence it comes under command of 29 Armd Bde and ordered to clear up the area.
9 1700 The whole of the area lying NW between the ALBERT CANAL and main rd running NORTH from BEERINGEN cleared. Opposition was slight and PWs up to 80 or so came in during the afternoon.
9 1930 Bn HQ 239752. Squadrons leaguer in town.
9 2030 COs conference. Bn coming under 159 Bde wef tomorrow to continue doing right flank protection to Guards Armd Div.
10 0615 Reveille.
10 0630 29 Armd Bde 00 No.20 arrives for information with 159 Inf Bde Op In.Intention - to protect right flack of 30 Corps. 159 Bde Bp have under command 15/19 H.3 R Tks & Dutch Regt. 159 Bde will provide right flank protection initially from all incl BEERINGEN 2475 to X Rds 2871.
239752 10 1030 Bn with 3 Mons ordered to clear woods and area WEST if X-Rds 3574.
10 1130 Plans made for B & C with sub sub-unit of 3 Mons each to sweep NE through woods. C to move only to area of main crossing 3574
10 1600 Out of touch with Bde. Send LO to keep communication. Woods all clear. No opposition.
10 1700 Orders received to clear village of LAAK 3474 - then sweep NE through woods and return to area of X 3475.
10 1800 Opposition from LAAK considered too strong for possiblity of clearing village before last light. "A" Sqn observing area 3575 and 3475 and give fire support when required.
10 2300 B & C OCs to 3 Mons Order Group.
348758 11 0600 Reveille.
11 0715 Bn moves fwd to co-operate with 3 Mons clearing village of LAAK 3474. Plan changed - attack to go in from EAST instead of WEST.
11 0800 Attack commences.
11 0900 Village clear-little opposition.
11 1000 Wooded country to EAST of LAAK as far as Powder Magazine (3873) tobbe cleared
11 1030 B & C Sqns with a coy each of 3 Mons commence the task of sweeping through the country.
11 1330 Wooded area EAST of LAAK reported clear.
11 1400 Ordered to clear wooded area WEST of LAAK. Again same two squadrons sweep this area supporting two coys of Mons.
11 1700 Area reported clear.
11 1800 RHQ, B, C in leaguer 348758
11 1930 A Sqn who had been observing NORTH of LAAK all day come into leaguer.
348758 11 2015 COs conference. 3 R Tks with 3 Mons to be prepared to move to HECHTEL 3483 at 0800 hrs tomorrow. Order of March Recce, A, B carrying Mons, RHQ, C carrying Mons, A1.
12 0615 Reveille.
12 0800 Bn moves in order of march as given at conference 2015hrs 11 Sept 44. Guards attack on village commence. (HECHTEL 3483)
12 0930 A Sqn area 347827. B Sqn area 340825, RHQ 344823;
12 1000 Guards reach EAST & WEST of main X-rds in village. SP on tank rpt 50 yds NORTH of main Xrds firing due SOUTH.
12 1100 Recce detour around SOUTH to EAST to contact 2 FF Yeo at 378837.
12 1200 B Sqn have tank hit from gun on X Rds.
12 1400 HECHTEL clear. RHQ move 341827.
12 1430 A Sqn move tp EAST to contact 2FFYeo and return to X Rds along main rd brassing up a number of infantry. .,
12 1500 Rptd that still at least 50 Inf holding out in area 5583.
12 1600 Coy of Mons and A Sqn commence mopping them up. Provisional notice of award of DSO to Lt.Col. D.A.H. Silvertop, MC is received.
12 1915 COs conference. Every likelihood of a pause for 3 - 4 days in order to clear up left flank and reorganise. Time to be spent on maintenance. Operational. 3 R Tks to revert to command of 29 Armd Bde.
12 2000 29 Armd Bde 00 No.21. Copy No.2. received. 3 R Tks will maintain present posn and be prepared to sp 3 Mons in this area. One Sqn (B Sqn HQ & 3 tps) to be at 30 mins notice - remainder at 24hrs. Enemy - estimated approx 300 PWs and 60 dead from HECHTEL 3483
341827 13 0700 Reveille.
13 0730 Net.
13 1100 Ordered to assist 3 Mons in clearing up woods to NE of HECHTEL and village EXCEL. B Sqn liaise direct with Coy commanders of 3 Mons. Party of 50 to showers at 312732.
13 1200 Brigadier C.B. Harvey, DSO and BM visit Bn.
13 1400 COs conference. As soon as maintenance is satisfactory, sport to take priority.
13 1500 CO to Bde re trade tests. Mobile baths - rations ect.
13 1600 Woods and village EXCEL clear.
14 0700 Reveille.
14 0920 CO, 2IC, Major Dunlop, Capt. Stubbs and Lt. Brookshaw to meet Corps Comd in PEERS.
14 1400 50% of Bn to showers at factory 312732. COs conference - maintenance ppts - promotions -likelykood of Bn moving tomorrow to new area.
14 1500 Harbour party under 2IC leave to recce new area EAST of 369838.
14 1700 Bn definitely moving tomorrow. Order of March and timings;-RHQ 0900hrs A-0920, C -0940, B 1000, A16 1020.
14 1900 RC service.
15 0700 Reveille.
15 1400 Bn moves to new area 369839
15 1600 All in new location.
15 1730 Party of 70 to ENSA show at PEER 4084.
15 2000 Party of 70 to ENSA show as above.
369839 16 0700 Reveille.
16 1430 Football match. 3 R Tks v. 2 FF Yeo. Result 0 - 2.
16 1500 Party of 120 to Cinema Show in PEER.
17 0700 Reveille.
17 0800 RC Service. C of E Holy Communion.
17 1000 C of E Service. 4 parties of 70 each to Mobile Bath Unit.
17 1130 CO to Bde.
17 1400 COs conference.
18 0700 Reveille.
18 0800 - 200 - 330 to Mobile Baths.
18 1400 75 ORs to Cinema Show in PEER.
19 0700 Reveille.
19 1030 Warning Order - ready to move at 1200hrs.
19 1100 Last order cancelled.
19 1200 Come under command of 159 Inf Bde.
19 1600 Ready to move - although no move anticipated before first light tomorrow.
19 1800 CO to 159 Bde. 159 Inf Bde 00 No.8. received.Div Intention; - Will establish itself on the line of rd LEENDE 479073 - MAARHEEZE 578035 with a view to adv NORHEAST. 29 Armd Bde adv on Right route 159 Inf Bde Gp adv on left route.
20 0700 Reveille.
20 0900 COs conference. Order of March C, Recce, CO's tk, B carrying Mons, RHQA carrying Mons, 3 Mons less 2 coys, A1.
20 1130 Bn moves.
20 1150 Cross S P X rds 427961.
20 1400 Reach HAMONT 4797.
20 1530 Reach BUDEL 4999. Opposition which had been slight increases. Bazookas encountered and large numbers of enemy seen moving in woods NE of CLat 5001.
20 1730 Efforts made to clear these woods, but it was decided to push on for SOERENDUNK 4902 before dark.
20 1930 SOERENDUNK 4902 held firmy.
20 2000 COs conference. RHQ 492027. Tomorrow MAARHEEZE to be captured. Move as follows;- 0730 hrs A Sqn whith sub sub-unit of recce, and A Coy of Mons to work to SE. 0800 hrs C Sqn with C Coy of Mons move to loop road NORTH of MAARHEERE. 0730hr s B Sqn move direct down CL.
21 0615 Reveille.
21 0630 Net.
21 0700 Bn moves as ordered at last nights conference.
21 0900 MAARHEEZE 5203 entered and rptd clear.
21 1030 Process of going in MAARHEEZE completed.
21 1100 New order received. Revert to 29 Armd Bde immediately and push on to GELIROP 4816.
21 1200 CO to Bde.
21 1345 Bn moves to GELIROP. Order of March B, Recce, RHQ, C,A, A1. 3 Mons.
21 1445 GELIROP clear and patrols pushed NORTH to level of railway and EAST to MIERLOO 5219.
21 1500 Enemy tks rptd in MIERLOO. Two sub-units sent. One from NORTH. and one from SOUTH;
21 1630 Village of MIERLOO cleared.
21 1700 Orders received to push these two squadrons north across canal to cut rd from HELMOND at 541216.
21 1800 Opposition experienced at crossings of canal bu "C" Sqn cross main bridge at 536191 and later "A" Sqn at 532190.
21 1900 "B" Sqn ordered to move EAST along line of railway to 523207. Opposition at crossing still continues; AP and LMG fire.
21 2000 1 coy of Mons fwd holding bridge; "B" having encountered opposition and being seperated from main party. of 3 Mons, leaguers 1,800 yds short of objective.
21 2100 COs conference. Tomorrow push on to objective - cutting rd at 541216. RHQ 532183.
22 0515 Reveille.
22 0530 Net.
22 0615 C Sqn crosses bridges and pushes on for railway crossing.
22 0830 Opposition met at railway crossing. AP fire, bazookas and LMG's. RHQ At 541203
22 0930 Opposition continues but is steadily broken down. RHQ comes under Nebelwerfer fire
22 1130 C across railway and pushing for Y Junc 541216.
22 1200 Leading sub-unit reaches "blue" at 544217.
22 1230 "B" Sqn clearing up bluilding at 544217.
22 1400 "B" Sqn pushing NORTH and meeting opposition - LMGs, snipers and bazookas "C" Sqn still facing opposition this side of canal on crossings to HELMOND 5622.
22 1500 All bridges reported blown and impassable.
22 1700 Still clearing up pockets of resistance both NORTH & SOUTH of railway.
22 1900 RHQ 542218.
22 1930 Bn moves into close leaguer area 540219.
23 0545 Reveille.
23 0600 Net.
23 0745 Bn moves across canal at ASTEN 6113, via GELDROP, HEEZE.29 Armd Bde Gp leading, object to seize DEURNE 6520. Raining heavily all morning.
23 1000 23H beyond ASTEN held up.
23 1200 RHQ.at at 567119.
23 1300 Ordered to send 1 Sqn and 1 coy of 3 Mons through ASTEN then EAST. Object to seize and hold LEISEL 6714 prior to pushing NORTH again on DEURNE.
23 1500 Further Sqn may move for LEISEL.
23 1600 "A" Sqn leading, held up by a'tk fire from 656167.
23 1730 Bn 2,000yds short of LIESEL - owing to failing light and size of LIESELThought that we cannot push on for DEURNE tonight as LIESTEL itself cannot be cleared before last light.
23 1800 Attack on LIESEL - 2 Coys and 2 Sqns. Opposition slight, but MG fire encountered.
23 1900 3 Mons holding 300 yds NORTH and 300 yds SOUTH of main crossing.
23 2000 Bn leaguers. RHQ 669145. A & B in town. C just off CL at,664146.
23 2200 COs conference. Tomorrow push on for DEURNE.
24 0530 Reveille.
24 0545 Net & Stand to.
24 0600 Recce move out towards DEURNE with the intention of recce routes to EAST and then NORTH to find crossing over railway to take them to ZIJLBERG and thence coming into DEURNE from the EAST.
24 0645 Bn & 3 Mons move on CL. Order of March A,RHQ,B,C,A1.
24 0800 B Sqn move around to EAST on route rptd OK recce. S Sqn continue direct on to DEURNE.
24 0830 RHQ move to area ZIJLBERG opposition consisting of mortar fire & nebelwerfer. & m mgs continues
24 1300 3 Mons have coy on CL crossing at 652191 and A Sqn have moved fwd of the crossing
24 1600 Opposition still persisting, but PWs coming in.
24 1700 Contact made with 23H in centre of DEURNE- which is now clear up to the centre from the SOUTH. Brigadier visits colonel. Orders are to go fwd on Y fork at 259209 while 159 Bde Gp pass through to BAKEL.
24 1800 Resistance to the NORTH EAST at 259209 very strong and it is definite that it will not be possible to go fwdat that point before last light. B Sqn shoot up a Chateau
24 1900 RHQ at 652196.
24 2030 COs conference. Tomorrow C Sqn observe East and South as today. B Sqn to be prepared to support Mons coy on Y fork. Approx 200 PW - 60-80 dead.
25 0545 Reveille.
25 0600 Net.
25 1300 Bn move. Order of March C Sqn (+D Coy Mons.)COs tk, B Sqn + B Coy, RHQ, A, & A1.
25 1400 Leading elements beyond RIPS.
25 1500 Leading Squadron passes through OPLOO.
25 1600 Leading squadron covering approches from WEST, NORTH & NORTHEAST beyond ST.ANTHONIS.
25 1630 Brigadier visits colonel in ST. ANHONIS. Lt.Col.D.A.H. Silvertop, DSO,MC killed by armd car which came through village. 2 armd cars + 2 half-tracks K.O. Major N.H. Bourne, DSO takes command.
25 1700 RHQ in STANTHONIS and in process of covering all approaches.
25 1800 Bn & 3 Mons firmly in ST.ANTHONIS.
25 2130 COs conference. Form for tomorrow;- to push on for crossing of RIVER MEUSE at 770460. Heavy rain throughout afternoon made visibility poor. RHQ at 715382.
26 0545 Reveille.
26 0600 Net.
26 0700 Signal received no move likely before 1000hrs.
26 1030 Brigadier visits CO. Responsible for area incl rd and junc 712364 - incl rd 693359 - excl rd and river crossing at 687332.
702332 26 1400 Bn move to area 702332.
26 1630 Bn less "B" Sqn remain ing in OPLOO area in posn.ST ANTHONIS RC Church. Various civilians rpts concerning enemy throughout the day - most unfounded but some confirmed. - Infantry and tanks in wood 732342 - most unfounded but some confirmed. - Infantry and tanks in wood 732342 - these were engaged by RA.
26 1800 Line laid. Form tomorrow;- the same as today, protection righ flank and area given - possible Bn will hold this area with 3 Mons for further 24hrs.B Sqn remains at OPLOO area, A & C close leaguer in RHQ area.
27 0545 Reveille. B Sqn remains observing area SE & W of OPLOO. C Sqn at 1/2 hrs notice with D Coy of Mons. A Sqn at 24hrs notive occupied with maintenance.
27 0900 Party of 180 to Mobile Bath Unit.
27 1030 Signal received to call up "A" Ech.
27 1200 Signal received - probably likely to be in this area for 3 days.
27 1700 COs conference - Administration.
27 1800 Memorial Service for Rev. J. Taylor at Bde HQ.
Westerbreak 28 0545 Reveille.
28 0600 Net and Recce do patrol to ST ANTHONIS rpt all clear.
28 0900 Ordered to send one tp and one pl of Mons to recce area 7235.
28 1000 Ordered to send similar recce to OVERLOON 7631
28 1030 1st patrol has tank shot up, & OP tank brewed up in area 7135.
28 1100 2nd patrol which consists of 2 tps and 2 plns of 3 Mons remain in area 713346. Party of 180 to Mobile Bath Unit at HELMOND.
28 1330 A Sqn at 713346 brew up Mk IV.
28 1400 Ordered to patrol with inf leading, rd OPLOO-OVERLOON with the intention of finfing the enemy's line of defence.
28 1500 Both 3 Mons and 3 R Tks. not prepared to recce direct down the rd.Plan suggested by the OC that Inf should lead supported by 1 Tp of Tks area 713352 and 1 Tp area 712356 agreed on.
28 1630 Pary commences.
28 1700 Inf come under shell bursts.
28 1800 Memorial service in church at WESTERBEEK for Lt.Col.D.A.H. Silvertop, DSO,MC and Lt.Col.Orr and fallen comrades.
28 1830 Patrols kill some Germans.
28 1900 Patrols return having established presence of enemy in woods, area 721334.
29 0530 Reveille.
29 0900 Recce in force consisting of A Sqn + 1 TP from B Sqn + 1 Coy of 3 Mons move out to area 712309 - 712348 - 710332 - 713352 - with object of recce N of wood 730330 and then to NE edge of large wood area 7434 completing this to continue recce along main rd OPLOO - OVERLOON 7631. As anticipated troops got no further than psn above observing enemy movement throughout day. RA fire brought to bear continually throughout day on targets by direct and indirect fire.
29 1100 100 to Mobile Bath Unit.
29 1130 1 88 mm KO.
29 1600 1 tk (Mk IV ?) brewed up.
29 1700 A Sqn tank brewed up.
29 1730 CO to Bde for conference.
29 1900 Squadron pulls in.
29 2045 CO's conference. Tomorrow same form as today until 1200hrs or perhaps 1500hrs. Recce out to see if Boche are still in places encountered today. 7 US Div coming up to take over area with a view to pushing SOUTH. Our role to ensure that there are no Boche in area they are taking over. After that possibly 5 - 6 days refitting.
29 0530 Reveille.
29 0600 C Squadron send two troops out to do local protection as well as "B"
29 0700 7 US Armd Div commence take over of area prior to their attack expected to take place at 1200hrs.
29 0900 100 to Mobile Baths at HELMOND.
29 1530 Americans put in attack.
29 1800 LO with 7 US Armd Div returns, but has no definite information.

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Source: 11th Armoured Division.

Disclaimer: This War Diary is based on its original, but typos might be corrected. Locations are calculated, so might not be in the correct place. For historical research, always check the originals.