Stumbling Stone Beckerstraße 11

This small brass memorial plaque (Stolperstein or stumbling stone) commemorates:

* Hermann Horn, born 1890, deported 1942, Theresienstadt, murdered 11 December 1944.

Hermann and Anna Horn lived in Cologne-Lindenthal where their children, Hannelore and Kurt, were born. Later they lived in a village in Saxony, then 6 months in Holland, after which they moved to Chemnitz due to Hermann’s work. Starting in 1938, the children were forced to attend Jewish schools. Then after Kristallnacht, Hermann and Anna sent both children to England in January 1939 with the help of Kindertransport.

Hermann and Anna stayed behind. Over 3 years later, they were both deported from Chemnitz to Theresienstadt on 8 September 1942. Hermann died 2 years later of starvation and disease. Anna survived. She was taken on a "Freedom transport" to Switzerland in February 1945. About a year later, the Red Cross took her to England to live with her daughter, who had married and become Ann Cohen. Anna Horn lived with the Cohens in England until her death in 1960.

"Stolpersteine" is an art project for Europe by Gunter Demnig to commemorate victims of National Socialism (Nazism). Stolpersteine (stumbling stones) are small, 10x10cm brass plaques placed in the pavement in front of the last voluntary residence of (mostly Jewish) victims who were murdered by the Nazis. Each plaque is engraved with the victim’s name, date of birth, and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives an individual memorial to each victim. One stone, one name, one person. He cites the Talmud: "A human being is forgotten only when his or her name is forgotten."

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