This small, brass, memorial plaque (stolperstein or stumbling stone) commemorates:
* Bernhard Filusch, born 1941, admitted 1942, Lüneburg Foster Home, 'Children's Ward', murdered 15 June 1942.
Bernhard Filusch was born 21 November 1941 on the way to the hospital. Both his legs were under-developed. Lüneburg Health Dept officials visited his mother in the hospital to see if other members of the family had similar problems. The Department then had her contact the official "Reich Committee for the Scientific Registering of Hereditary and Congenital Illnesses." That committee took over the care of Bernhard, and he was admitted on 5 February 1942 to a "Children’s Ward" in Lüneburg. His parents assumed he was getting special care in a children’s home. They visited him frequently and assumed his mental development would be normal. But he was given Luminal (phenobarbitol), which suddenly caused changes. Then he became ill and lost his appetite. Finally, on instructions from the head of the "Children’s Ward," a nurse gave him a fatal dose of Luminal on 15 June 1942. Bernhard was murdered at only 7 months old. The recorded cause of death was pneumonia.
Another stolperstein for Bernhard Filusch is located at the place where he was murdered -- Am Wienebüttler Weg 1 in Lüneburg.
"Stolpersteine" is an art project for Europe by Gunter Demnig to commemorate victims of National Socialism (Nazism). Stolpersteine (stumbling stones) are small, 10x10cm brass plaques placed in the pavement in front of the last voluntary residence of (mostly Jewish) victims who were murdered by the Nazis. Each plaque is engraved with the victim’s name, date of birth, and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives an individual memorial to each victim. One stone, one name, one person. He cites the Talmud: "A human being is forgotten only when his or her name is forgotten."
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