These small, brass, memorial plaques (stolpersteine or stumbling stones) commemorate:
* Samuel Mangel, born 1869, expelled to Malo 1942, arrested 13 December 1943, taken away to Vicenzo, murdered 6 February 1944 in Auschwitz.
* Emanuel Maks Mangel, born 1898, expelled to Malo 1942, survived.
* Sabina Mangel, born Süsserkind 1874, expelled to Malo 1942, arrested 13 December 1943, taken away to Vicenzo, murdered 6 February 1944 in Auschwitz.
Sabina Süsserkind (also spelled Sabine Schuskind) was born in Krakow and was registered as a Polish citizen. She married Samuel Mangel, also born in Krakow. We assume they lived in Ljubljana. In 1942 they were expelled to Malo in northeastern Italy. (The USHMM has a 1942 photo of a different Jewish family – refugees from Croatia, confined in Malo by the Italian authorities.) Eventually Samuel and Sabina Mangel were deported and murdered in Auschwitz.
No other information was found about the Mangels, including Emanuel’s relationship to Samuel and Sabina, but there may be resources not yet seen in the Slovenian language.
"Stolpersteine" is an art project for Europe by Gunter Demnig to commemorate victims of National Socialism (Nazism). Stolpersteine (stumbling stones) are small, 10x10cm brass plaques placed in the pavement in front of the last voluntary residence of (mostly Jewish) victims who were murdered by the Nazis. Each plaque is engraved with the victim’s name, date of birth, and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives an individual memorial to each victim. One stone, one name, one person. He cites the Talmud: "A human being is forgotten only when his or her name is forgotten."
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