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Stumbling Stone Barckhausenstraße 50

These small, brass, memorial plaques (stolpersteine or struikelstenen) commemorate:

* Robert Brendel, born 1889, in the resistance, forced to move 1934, Wesermünde, forced retirement 1936, Publications prohibited, fored labor, unable to work.
* Xenia Brendel née Bernstein, born 1888, involuntarily relocated Wesermünde 1934, deportation orders 1945, with help survived.

Robert Brendel and his Jewish wife Xenia moved to Lüneburg in 1919. They had 3 daughters. He was a senior teacher at the Wilhelm Raabe School there. Then in 1934 he started teaching in Wesermünde but was forced to retire in 1936. They moved to Hamburg. In 1944 or 1945, Xenia received a deportation order for Theresienstadt. She went into hiding. In 1946, Robert’s doctors advised him to give up his teaching activities. He died in May 1947 of a heart condition. Xenia Brendel survived another 40 years.

There is another stolperstein for Robert at Feldstrasse 30 in Lüneburg -- in front of the Wilhelm Raabe School where he taught.

"Stolpersteine" is an art project for Europe by Gunter Demnig to commemorate victims of National Socialism (Nazism). Stolpersteine (stumbling stones) are small, 10x10cm brass plaques placed in the pavement in front of the last voluntary residence of (mostly Jewish) victims who were murdered by the Nazis. Each plaque is engraved with the victim’s name, date of birth, and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives an individual memorial to each victim. One stone, one name, one person. He cites the Talmud: "A human being is forgotten only when his or her name is forgotten."

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