This memorial stone (so called Stolperstein or stumbling block) commemorates Elly Ortmanns, a spastic girl of 5 years old who was murdered in Kalmenhof by Aktion T4. This was the first stone laid for an euthanasia-victim.
The small copper plaques, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were murdered by the Nazis, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.
In many other cities, mainly in Germany, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.
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