These memorial stones (so called Stolpersteine of stumbling blocks) commemorate:
Rosa Ascher (born 1887, murdered in Chelmno in May 1942)
Rosa Bergheim (born 1868, faith unknown)
Selma Eckstein (born 1875, faith unknown)
Anna Feibelmann (born 1895, faith unknown)
Dora Friedland (born 1866, faith unknown)
Berta Katz (born 1910, faith unknown)
Selma Oster (born 1884, faith unknown)
Hilde Schwarz (born 1908, faith unknown)
Max Schwarz (born 1898, faith unknown)
Adele Steiner (born 1905, murdered in Chelmno in 1944)
Erich Steiner (born 1905, murdered in Chelmno in 1944)
Margot Steiner (born 1934, murdered in Chelmno in September 1942)
Thekla Steiner (born 1872, faith unknown)
Henriette Wolff (born 1889, faith unknown)
The small copper plaques, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were murdered by the Nazis, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.
In many other cities, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.
For more information and pictures, please visit Stolpersteine in Cologne (in German).
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- Text: Fedor de Vries
- Photos: Johan Tjallingii