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Stumbling Stone Burgwal 45

This small, brass memorial plaque (Stolperstein or stumbling stone) commemorates:

* EzechiŽl van Gelderen, born 1863, deported 1942, murdered 27 November 1942, Auschwitz.

EzechiŽl van Gelderenís parents were stoneware merchants, and his father was also a Jewish studies scholar. EzechiŽl married Jetje Zwart. Their three sons and two daughters were all born in Kampen, from 1889 to 1905. Jetje herself died in 1917. Two years later, EzechiŽl married Hester van Emden; she died in Kampen in 28 September 1941, age 71.

EzechiŽl and all five of his children were murdered in Auschwitz, each on a different date: EzechiŽl (27 November 1942, age 79), Maurits (26 October 1942, age 52), Rebecca (22 October 1942, age 51), Henriette (7 December 1942, age 50), Levie (28 February 1943, age 46), and Arie (01 December 1942, age 37). Of EzechiŽl van Gelderenís descendants, only one grandchild survived the Shoah.

Because of construction at the time, EzechiŽl van Gelderenís stolperstein was first placed in 2012 at the main entrance to Myosotis Engelenberg Park. In 2016, it was moved to Burgwal 45. To have placed it at the actual location where he once lived (Gast- en Proveniershuizen at Boven Nieuwstraat 46) would have left it in a less suitable place at the back of a complex of buidlings.

In the hall of the main entrance of the Ijsselheem Margaretha here at Burgwal 45, there is also a memorial plaque for EzechiŽl van Gelderen.

Stolpersteine for two of EzechiŽl's sons, Arie and Maurits van Gelderen, are at Hofstraat 69 in Kampen.

"Stolpersteine" is an art project for Europe by Gunter Demnig to commemorate victims of National Socialism (Nazism). Stolpersteine (stumbling stones) are small, 10x10cm brass plaques placed in the pavement in front of the last voluntary residence of (mostly Jewish) victims who were murdered by the Nazis. Each plaque is engraved with the victimís name, date of birth, and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives an individual memorial to each victim. One stone, one name, one person. He cites the Talmud: "A human being is forgotten only when his or her name is forgotten."

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