Stumbling Stones Hagedornstraße 32

These small brass memorial plaques (Stolpersteine or stumbling stones) commemorate:

* Alfred Liebmann, born 1881, deported 1942, Riga, murdered.
* Bernhardine Liebmann, born 1881, deported 1942, Riga, murdered.

Bernhardine Passmann, born 3 January 1881, married Alfred Liebmann. Together they ran a leather goods shop in the Marxloh section of Duisberg, Germany. The shop was completely destroyed during Reichspogromnacht (9-10 November 1938); Alfred was arrested and held for a while. Then both were moved to a "Judenhaus" here on Hagedornstraße 32. On December 11, 1942, they were deported to Riga, where traces of them were lost. They were declared dead in 1945. Stolpersteine for Bernhardine and her sisters are at Karthaus 2 Xanten.

* Max Rosenkranz, born 1898, deported, Izbica, murdered.
* Friederike Rosenkranz née Stern, born 1896, deported, Izbica, murdered.

Max Rosenkranz and Friederike Stern married and in 1927 had a daughter, Hanna. Max worked as a railway switchman and a civil servant. They were forced to leave their own house and then in 1942 had to move into the "Judenhaus" here on Hagedornstrasse 32. The parents were deported to Izbica and murdered. The fate of their daughter is unknown.

* Ludwig Flachsbaum, born 1890, deported 1942, murdered in Izbica.
* Feige Flachsbaum, born 1884, deported 1942, murdered in Izbica.
* Mariechen-Myrjam Flachsbaum, born 1920, deported, murdered in Izbica.
* Max Flachsbaum, born 1925, fled 1939 to Holland, deported concentration camp Flossenbürg, murdered 1945.

Ludwig Flachsbaum was born in Warsaw. In 1920, he moved to Marxloh in Duisburg and began a market in bags. In 1942 he had to move to the Judenhaus. Then on 20 June 1942 he was deported to Izbica. Feige Kletsch was also born in Warsaw. She and Ludwig Flachsbaum married and had four children. Feige was deported to Izbica on 22 April 1942. Marichen-Myrjam was also born in Warsaw, while her younger brother Max was born in Hamborn, Germany. No information was seen on the other two children.

* Werner Gottensträter, born 1921, deported 1941, Riga, murdered.
* Berta Gottensträter, née Herz, born 1900, deported 1941, Riga, murdered.

Berta Herz married Heinrich Grottensträter, who was not Jewish; they had two children, Werner and Horst. In 1929, they moved to Hagedornstraße. Werner learned the plumbing trade from his grandfather. Two weeks before Christmas in 1941, Berta and her sons were deported to Riga. Berta and Werner, age 20, were murdered there. The younger Horst was freed.

"Stolpersteine" is an art project for Europe by Gunter Demnig to commemorate victims of National Socialism (Nazism). Stolpersteine (stumbling stones) are small, 10x10cm brass plaques placed in the pavement in front of the last voluntary residence of (mostly Jewish) victims who were murdered by the Nazis. Each plaque is engraved with the victim’s name, date of birth, and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death. By doing this, Gunter Demnig gives an individual memorial to each victim. One stone, one name, one person. He cites the Talmud: "A human being is forgotten only when his or her name is forgotten."

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