These small, brass memorial plaques (Stolpersteine or stumbling stones) commemorate:
Hermann Friedmann (born 1870, murdered in Buchenwald on 15-2-1940)
Klara Friedmann (born 1866, murdered in Theresienstadt on 6-1-1944)
The small brass plaques, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were murdered by the Nazis, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.
In many other cities, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.
For more information and pictures, please visit Stolpersteine Jena (in German).
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- Text: Fedor de Vries
- Photos: TracesOfWar.com