These memorial stones (so called Stolpersteine of stumbling blocks) commemorate:
Bernhardine Zadoks (born 1881, murdered in Sobibor on 23-4-1943)
Georgine de Wilde (born 1883, murdered in Sobibor on 23-4-1943)
Max Frank (born 1879, murdered in Auschwitz in February 1943)
The small brass plaques, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were persecuted or murdered by the Nazis, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.
In many other cities, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.
For more information and pictures, please visit Stolpersteine Lingen (Ems) (in German).
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- Text: Fedor de Vries
- Photos: TracesOfWar.com