The factory for synthetic petrol (German: Hydrierwerke Pölitz - Aktiengeselschaft) at Police has an atrocious history. The construction of this complex started in 1937 as one of the 12 factories of I.G. Farben. The fuel which was produced here had been intended for the German army. The outbreak of World War 2, speed up the grow process because of the inflow of foreign labourers from the German occupied territories. The following labour camps were established at the complex:
b]Tobruklager (from 1944: Jasenitzlager) - One of the bigger camps (9.000 prisoners in 1944) and was in service between 1943 and February 1945 for labourers from West-Europe.
Pommernlager - For Poles en POW's. From 1940 to 24 March 1945 in service.
Hägerwelle - Re-education camp.
Dr. Dürrfeldlager (from 1942: Nord-Lager).
Wullenverlager - For West-European labourers. In service between 1942 and 1945.
During the Second World War this complex was also a subcamp of the concentration camps Stutthof, Sachsenhausen and Ravensbrück. 30.000 slave labourers, concentration camp prisoners and POW's worked at this facility. 13.000 of them didn't survived the war. The Allied bombed the synthetic petrol factory several times, but to no avail.
The complex today:
Today, the 1,500 ha large area is deserted and most of the factory buildings standing here are damaged or completely destroyed. Nevertheless, the former synthetic petrol factory of Police is a sight of interest worth to visit.
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