These memorial stones (so called Stolpersteine or stumbling blocks) commemorate:
David Hess (born 1876, murdered in Theresienstadt on 23-07-1943)
Hertha Johanna Hess (born 1924, murdered in Auschwitz on 21-02-1943)
Max Hess (born 1929, murdered in Auschwitz in 1944)
Caroline Hess (born 1885, murdered in Auschwitz in 1944)
Rahel Rosa Wolff (born 1868, murdered in Theresienstadt on 18-01-1943)
Wolff Leo Wolff (born 1930, murdered in Auschwitz on 19-11-1943)
Leo Wolff (born 1896, murdered in Auschwitz on 02-01-1944)
Aron Wolff (born 1933, murdered in Auschwitz on 19-11-1943)
Esther Wolff (born 1897, murdered in Auschwitz on 19-11-1943)
Hanni Wolff (born 1935, survived)
, persecuted or murdered by the Nazis.
The small brass plaques, in the pavement in front of houses of which the (mostly Jewish) residents were persecuted or murdered by the Nazis, mention the name, date of birth and place (mostly a concentration camp) and date of death.
In many other cities and villages, mainly in Germany but also in other European countries, the memorials also can be found. There are already many thousands of these plaques and their number is still counting. Almost all Stolpersteine are laid by the German artist himself, Gunter Demnig.
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- Text: Fedor de Vries
- Photos: TracesOfWar.com