Ramcke, Hermann Bernhard

Date of birth:
January 24th, 1889 (Schleswig)
Date of death:
July 5th, 1968 (Kappeln, Schlei)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, German Reich)

Biography

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Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht  3.Klasse, 12 Jahre
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht  1.Klasse, 25 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 1st, 1939
Awarded for:
Operation Fall Weiss
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 2er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
August 1st, 1940
Fallschirmschützenabzeichen der Luftwaffe
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
May 23rd, 1941
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 1er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst (Colonel)
Unit:
Fallschirmjäger-Sturmregiment 1, Luftwaffe
Awarded on:
August 21st, 1941
Action:
After Generalmajor Meindl became badly wounded during the battle of Crete on 21.05.1941, Oberst Ramcke took his place as commander of the Westgruppe of German Fallschirmjäger. Under his leadership the Fallschirmjäger were able to capture the Maleme airfield and the city of Chania, thereby snatching victory from the jaws of defeat. For his actions during this battle Ramcke would receive the Knight’s Cross.
Details:
Kommandeur
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generalmajor (Brigadier)
Unit:
Fallschirmjägerbrigade "Ramcke", Luftwaffe
Awarded on:
November 13th, 1942
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
Action:
Awarded for his actions during the battle of El Alamein. After Montgomery broke through along both sides of the coastal road, Ramcke and his men found themselves isolated in the southern part of the front. However under Ramcke they resolved not to surrender, and by capturing an enemy supply column they were able to make the 350 km journey through the harsh desert and link up with Rommel’s forces well after they’d been given up for lost.
Details:
145th Award.
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
1942
Medaglia d'argento al Valore Militare
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generalleutnant (Major-General)
Unit:
Festung Brest, Heer
Awarded on:
September 19th, 1944
Action:
Awarded for holding the coastal port of Brest for over a month, where he fought hard to delay the enemy capture of such an important port for as long as possible.
Details:
99th Award.
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generalleutnant (Major-General)
Unit:
Festung Brest, Heer
Awarded on:
September 19th, 1944
Ritterkreuz, Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten
Action:
Awarded on the same grounds as he was the Swords. Simultaneously promoted to General der Fallschirmtruppe.
Details:
20th Award.

Sources

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