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Schörner, Johann Ferdinand

Date of birth:
June 12th, 1892 (Munich/Bavaria, Germany)
Date of death:
July 2nd, 1973 (Munich/Bavaria, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, German Reich)

Biography

Johann Ferdinand Schörner was, among other decorations, decorated with the Pour la Merite (5th December 1917, Leutnant der Reserve; Führer 12. / Bayerischer Leib-Infanterie-Regiment) during the First World War. In Hitler's Last Will, Schörner was to be appointed to Oberbefehlshaber des Heeres.

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major
Awarded on:
December 21st, 1934
Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht 4.Klasse, 4 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht  3.Klasse, 12 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht  2. Klasse, 18 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
August 2nd, 1938
Ordine della Corona d'Italia - Commendatore
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Unit:
Kommandeur Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 98
Awarded on:
September 12th, 1939
Had already received the Iron Cross 2nd Class on December 22nd 1914.
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 2er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Unit:
Kommandeur Gebirgsjäger-Regiment 98
Awarded on:
September 20th, 1939
Had already received the Iron Cross 1st Class on January 27th 1917.
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 1er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generalmajor (Brigadier)
Unit:
Kommandeur 6.Gebirgs-Division / XVIII.Armee-Korps / 12.Armee
Awarded on:
April 20th, 1941
Here follows an excerpt from Schörner’s Knight’s Cross recommendation…

“Before dawn on the 06.04.1941 Generalmajor Schörner, commander of the 6. Gebirgs-Division, and his troops succeeding in overrunning the enemy outposts on the snow covered Belaaica mountain through a surprise thrust. There two enemy bunker lines of the Metaxas Line were penetrated and before long the whole division was in position in the valley before the enemy line at the Krusa mountain.”

Later on 08.04.1941, by his own initiative, Schörner launched a surprise attack on the enemy forces on the northern part of the Krusa mountain. He and his men successfully ejected the enemy from this area and advanced towards Salonika. In conjunction with the advancing 2. Panzer-Division, these actions contributed significantly to the fall of Greece/Macedonia.”
268th Award.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
July 15th, 1941
With Swords.
Tsarski Orden
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
June 1st, 1942
Awarded with swords and oak leaf.
Vapaudenristin 1.luokka (VR 1)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Unit:
Kommandeur 6.Gebirgsjäger-Division
Awarded on:
August 20th, 1942
Medaille
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
January 30th, 1943
Goldenes Parteiabzeichen
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General der Gebrigstruppe (Lieutenant-general)
Unit:
Kommandierender General XXXX.Panzerkorps / 6.Armee / Heeresgruppe A
Awarded on:
February 17th, 1944
The following press article, dated 21.02.1944, describes how Schörner would receive the Oakleaves…

“Since 25.11.1943 Schörner was been in command of the Nikopol bridgehead. The Wehrmachtbericht of 18.02.1944 goes into further detail as to the achievements of Schörner and his men in this area in their battles against a relentless enemy. Great difficulties were encountered during the evacuation of the bridgehead (which began on 04.02.1944), due to the extremely bad roads and terrain. Through the leadership and skillful handling of the commanding general, who could always be found at the hot spots of the front, as well as the bravery and dedication of his men it was possible to carry out the planned withdrawal movements successfully.”
398th Award
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
February 18th, 1944
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generaloberst (General)
Unit:
Oberbefehlshaber Heeresgruppe Nord (Opperbevelhebber Heeresgruppe Nord)
Awarded on:
August 28th, 1944
The following press article, dated 01.09.1944, describes how Schörner would receive the Swords…

“Generaloberst Ferdinand Schörner is the commander-in-chief of our troops fighting in the Courland region, against whom the surge of enemy forces from the east has failed to overcome for many weeks. Despite already having been cut off once completely, our troops in Courland have defied all the odds as the cornerstone of the Eastern front. They embodied the spirit of their commander-in-chief, and his skillful leadership has guided them to a victorious outcome over the course of incessant battle against the hordes of enemies.”
93rd Award
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
November 30th, 1944
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
January 1st, 1945
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generaloberst (General)
Unit:
Oberbefehlshaber Heeresgruppe Nord (Opperbevelhebber Heeresgruppe Nord)
Awarded on:
January 1st, 1945
Awarded for his leadership during the battles of Army Group North in late 1944. On 14.09.1944 the Soviets launched a major assault on the German forces still fighting in Estonia and NE Latvia. Under Schörner’s leadership these soldiers were able to withdraw from these territories without significant loss. Schörner also commanded Army Group North during the first three battles of Courland, throughout which the Soviets were only able to make minor gains against the German positions (and then only after heavy losses). Schörner’s iron resolve and frontline presence no doubt played a role in ensuring the Soviet defeat here, and for overseeing one of the last German triumphs of the war he would receive the Diamonds to his Knight’s Cross.
23rd Award
Ritterkreuz, Eichenlaub, Schwertern und Brillanten
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
April 5th, 1945
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
May 9th, 1945
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Unit:
Oberbefehlshaber Heeresgruppe Nord
Ärmelband Kurland
Period:
First World War (1914-1918)
Awarded on:
June 1915
Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse (1914)
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
with crown and swords
IV. Klasse des Militärverdienstordens
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Hauptmann (Captain)
Awarded on:
May 1933
Officer to the Order of Merit

Sources

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