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Oesau, Walter

    Date of birth:
    June 28th, 1913 (Farnewinkel-Meldorf/Holstein, Germany)
    Date of death:
    May 11th, 1944 (near St. Vith/Liège, Belgium)
    Nationality:
    German (1933-1945, Third Reich)

    Biography

    Achived 125 victories (of which 8 during the Spanish Civil War) in about 300 sorties (of which 130 during the Spanish Civil War).

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    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    May 15th, 1940
    Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    May 20th, 1940
    Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Hauptmann (Flight Lieutenant)
    Unit:
    Staffelkapitän 7. / Jagdgeschwader 51
    Awarded on:
    August 20th, 1940
    The following wartime excerpt (dated 30.08.1940) describes why Oesau received the Knight’s Cross…

    “Hauptmann Oesau has particularly distinguished himself as a fighter pilot. He succeeded in shooting down 20 enemy aircraft. His ceaseless readiness for duty and brave disposition have been recognized through the awarding of the Knight’s Cross to the Iron Cross.”

    102nd Award.
    Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    September 6th, 1940
    Besides those four officers already mentioned over the past weeks a further three fighter pilots achieved 20 or more aerial victories in aerial combat, these are: Hauptmann Mayer, Hauptmann Oesau and Hauptmann Tietzen. At the top of the victors stands Major Mölders with 32 aerial victories.
    Wehrmachtbericht
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    February 6th, 1941
    Hauptmann Oesau, group leader in a fighter wing, achieved his 40th aerial victory in yesterday's aerial combat.
    Wehrmachtbericht
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Hauptmann (Flight Lieutenant)
    Unit:
    Gruppenkommandeur III. / Jagdgeschwader 3 (Wing Leader III. / Jagdgeschwader 3)
    Awarded on:
    February 6th, 1941
    Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
    Awarded after 40 aerial victories.

    9th Award.
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    July 4th, 1941
    Hauptmann Oesau achieved his 54th, Oberleutnant Franziskat his 21st aerial victory in aerial combat of the last days.
    Wehrmachtbericht
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Hauptmann (Flight Lieutenant)
    Unit:
    Kommandeur III. / Jagdgeschwader 3
    Awarded on:
    July 15th, 1941
    Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern
    Awarded after 80 aerial victories.

    3rd Award.
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    October 27th, 1941
    Major Oesau, commodore of a fighter wing, achieved his 100th aerial victory on 26 October.
    Wehrmachtbericht
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Oberstleutnant
    Unit:
    Jafü 4
    Awarded on:
    October 17th, 1943

    Award 1/273.
    Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    May 15th, 1944
    The commodore of a fighter wing Oberst Walter Ösau, who had received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords from the Führer for 117 aerial victories against British-North American enemies, found a heroes death in aerial combat. In him the Luftwaffe loses one of their best fighter pilots and leaders.
    Wehrmachtbericht

    Sources

    • Photo 1: Wehrkundearchiv
    • Photo: Deutsches Wehrkundearchiv
    • - OBERMAIER, E., Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe, Hoffmann, 1989.
      - Kwasny A., Kwasny G., Die Eichenlaubträger 1940-1945 (CD), Deutsches Wehrkundearchiv, Lage-Waddenhausen, 2001
      - Fellgiebel W.P., Elite of the Third Reich, The recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939-1945: A Reference, Helion & Company Limited, Solihull, 2003, ISBN 1-874622-46-9
      - Patzwall K., Scherzer V., Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941-1945, Geschichte und Inhaber Band II, Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall, Norderstedt, 2001, ISBN 3-931533-45-X
      - Luftwaffe Experten - Die Tapfersten

    Photo