Oesau, Walter

    Date of birth:
    June 28th, 1913 (Farnewinkel-Meldorf/Holstein, Germany)
    Date of death:
    May 11th, 1944 (near St. Vith/Liège, Belgium)
    Nationality:
    German (1933-1945, German Reich)

    Biography

    Achived 125 victories (of which 8 during the Spanish Civil War) in about 300 sorties (of which 130 during the Spanish Civil War).

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    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    May 15th, 1940
    Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    May 20th, 1940
    Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Hauptmann (Captain)
    Unit:
    Staffelkapitän 7. / Jagdgeschwader 51
    Awarded on:
    August 20th, 1940
    Details:
    102nd Award.
    Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    September 6th, 1940
    Action:
    Besides those four officers already mentioned over the past weeks a further three fighter pilots achieved 20 or more aerial victories in aerial combat, these are: Hauptmann Mayer, Hauptmann Oesau and Hauptmann Tietzen. At the top of the victors stands Major Mölders with 32 aerial victories.
    Wehrmachtbericht
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    February 6th, 1941
    Action:
    Hauptmann Oesau, group leader in a fighter wing, achieved his 40th aerial victory in yesterday's aerial combat.
    Wehrmachtbericht
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Hauptmann (Captain)
    Unit:
    Gruppenkommandeur III. / Jagdgeschwader 3 (Groepscommandant III. / Jagdgeschwader 3)
    Awarded on:
    February 6th, 1941
    Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
    Details:
    9th Award.
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    July 4th, 1941
    Action:
    Hauptmann Oesau achieved his 54th, Oberleutnant Franziskat his 21st aerial victory in aerial combat of the last days.
    Wehrmachtbericht
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Hauptmann (Captain)
    Unit:
    Kommandeur III. / Jagdgeschwader 3
    Awarded on:
    July 15th, 1941
    Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern
    Details:
    3rd Award.
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    October 27th, 1941
    Action:
    Major Oesau, commodore of a fighter wing, achieved his 100th aerial victory on 26 October.
    Wehrmachtbericht
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Oberstleutnant
    Unit:
    Jafü 4
    Awarded on:
    October 17th, 1943
    Details:
    Award 1/273.
    Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    May 15th, 1944
    Action:
    The commodore of a fighter wing Oberst Walter Ösau, who had received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords from the Führer for 117 aerial victories against British-North American enemies, found a heroes death in aerial combat. In him the Luftwaffe loses one of their best fighter pilots and leaders.
    Wehrmachtbericht

    Sources

    • Photo 1: Wehrkundearchiv
    • Photo: Deutsches Wehrkundearchiv
    • - Kwasny A., Kwasny G., Die Eichenlaubträger 1940-1945 (CD), Deutsches Wehrkundearchiv, Lage-Waddenhausen, 2001
      - Fellgiebel W.P., Elite of the Third Reich, The recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939-1945: A Reference, Helion & Company Limited, Solihull, 2003, ISBN 1-874622-46-9
      - Patzwall K., Scherzer V., Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941-1945, Geschichte und Inhaber Band II, Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall, Norderstedt, 2001, ISBN 3-931533-45-X
      - Luftwaffe Experten

    Photo