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Oriola, Graf von, Ralf

    Date of birth:
    August 9th, 1895 (Herischdorf-Hirschberg/Schleswig, Germany)
    Date of death:
    April 28th, 1970 (Freiburg/Baden Württemberg, Germany)
    German (1933-1945, Third Reich)


    When the Second World War started, Ralf Graf von Oriola commanded the Artillerie-Regiment 252. With this regiment he took part in the invasion of the Soviet Union. At the end of 1941 he took over command of Artillerie-Regiment 18 with the rank of Oberst and was promoted to Generalleutnant on 1st November 1943. In December 1943 he assumed command over 299.Infanterie-Division. His last position before the end of the Second World War was that of Kommandeur XIII.Armeekorps.

    5th March 1914: Feldartillerie-Regiment von Peucker (1.Schlesisches) Nr.6;
    1st October 1934: Kommandeur III. / Artillerie-Regiment 18 / 18.Infanterie-Division;
    1st September 1939: Kommandeur Artillerie-Regiment 252 / 252.Infanterie-Division;
    20th February 1942: ArKo (Artillerie Kommandeur) 7 / XVII.Armeekorps;
    17th February 1943 - 3rd May 1943: Kommandeur 72.Infanterie-Division;
    3rd May 1943 - 15th January 1944: Kommandeur 299.Infanterie-Division;
    13th March 1944 - 28th June 1944: Kommandeur 299.Infanterie-Division;
    12th February 1945 - March 1945: Stab XIII.Armeekorps;
    31st March 1945 - 17th May 1948: Prisoner of War with British camps Trent Park Camp 11, Camp 300, Island Farm Special Camp 11 and Camp 186.

    5th March 1914: Fahnenjunker;
    2nd November 1914: Leutnant;
    20th June 1918: Oberleutnant;
    1st July 1927: Hauptmann;
    1st August 1937: Oberstleutnant;
    1st June 1940: Oberst;
    1st May 1943: Generalmajor;
    1st November 1943: Generalleutnant.

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    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Artillerie-Regiment 252
    Awarded on:
    November 22nd, 1941
    Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Kommandeur 299.Infanterie-Division
    Awarded on:
    December 23rd, 1943
    Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    December 28th, 1943


    • Photo 1: Norbert Beyerlein
    • Photo: Beyerlein sammlung
    • - Die Ordensträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht (CD), VMD-Verlag GmbH, Osnabrück, 2002
      - Fellgiebel W.P., Elite of the Third Reich, The recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939-1945: A Reference, Helion & Company Limited, Solihull, 2003, ISBN 1-874622-46-9
      - Patzwall K., Scherzer V., Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941-1945, Geschichte und Inhaber Band II, Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall, Norderstedt, 2001, ISBN 3-931533-45-X
      - Island Farm Prisoner of War Camp 198 / Special Camp: XI Bridgend, South Wales