The website has become even bigger and better! WW2Awards.com has been fully merged with TracesOfWar.com. From now on, the sections Persons and Awards are available. Much more information in a larger jacket

Simonds, Guy Granville

    Date of birth:
    April 23rd, 1903 (Ixworth Abbey, Bury St Edmunds)
    Date of death:
    May 15th, 1974 (Toronto/Ontario, Canada)
    Nationality:
    Canadian (1931-present, Constitutional Monarchy)

    Biography

    Guy Granville Simonds was born on April 23rd 1903 in Bury St. Edmunds in England. He was the son of a British Army officer who emigrated to Canada. Simonds studied between 1921 and 1925 at the Royal Military College of Canada in Kingston. When the 2nd World War began he was a major in General Mc. Naughton’s staff, who was in command of the 1st Canadian Division. This division arrived in England in December 1939. In July Simonds served for a few months with the from Dunkirk (France) evacuated 1st Field Regiment of the Royal Canadian Artillery until he was asked in November 1940 by General Mc. Naughton to set up an intensive trainings program for Canadian officers. Simonds first combat experience came in Italy, when he had to take over the command of the 1st Canadian Division in Sicily after General Salmon died in April 1943. Here he took part in the battles for Nissoria, Agira and Regalbuto. Due to his convincing leadership during these battles he was noted by General Bernhard Montgomery and thru this he also became the youngest General in the Canadian Army. Afterwards he was for a short time the commander of the 5th Canadian Army, until he was send back to England in January 1944 to take over the command of the 2nd Canadian Corps. With this Corps he landed on UTAH-Beach and soon afterwards they were involved in the heavy battle of Caen. During the battle of Caen and the battles for Normandy afterwards he gained great respect for his outstanding armoured infantry and anti tank tactics. Shortly after the fall of Caen, General Crerar became very ill and Simonds had to take over the command of the 1st Canadian Army just before the Battle of the Scheldt began. Simonds was 41 years old and was know as a ruthless man with a great sense of responsibility. After the heavy fighting for the Scheldt pocket Simonds gave the command of the 1st Canadian Army back to General Crerar and stayed till the end of the war under General Crerar’s command. After the war General Simonds stayed in the Army and became a very respected teacher at the Royal Military College of Canada. Simonds passed away on May 15th 1974 in Toronto.

    Do you have more information about this person? Inform us!

    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Brigadier
    Unit:
    1st Canadian Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Infantry Division, Canadian Army
    Awarded on:
    1942
    Action:
    "For outstanding zeal and ability."
    Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE)
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Major General
    Unit:
    1st Canadian Division, British XXX Corps, British Army
    Awarded on:
    September 23rd, 1943
    Awarded for:
    Operation Husky
    Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Acting Lieutenant General
    Unit:
    II Canadian Corps, First Canadian Army, 21st Army Group, British Army
    Awarded on:
    September 28th, 1944
    Awarded for:
    Operation Overlord
    Action:
    "In recognition of gallant and distinguished services in Normandy."
    Companion of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (CB)
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Luitenant Generaal (Lieutenant General)
    Unit:
    II Canadian Corps, 1st Canadian Army, British Army
    Awarded on:
    December 8th, 1945
    Action:
    Dutch citation:
    "For the excellent services rendered by the aforesaid officers to the Kingdom of the Netherlands, in the preparation and execution of the operations of the Canadian armed forces to liberate the territory in EUROPE in the period from September 1944 to May 1945."

    English recommendation:
    "During the operations to clear the West Scheldt and the northeastern approaches to the port of Antwerp, Beveland, Walcheren and Netherlands territory up to the River Maas, Lieutenant-General Simonds, as Acting Commander First Canadian Army, distinguished himself by his skilful tactical direction of the military forces under his command and able coordination of the air and naval forces operating in support.
    Subsequently, through the winter and spring, he directed the operations of 2 Canadian Corps in eastern and northern Holland with outstanding ability and aggressiveness to complete, in conjunction with 1 Canadian Corps, the full liberation of the Netherlands.
    His efficient control of the Military Civil Affairs policy within his Corps area ensured the rapid and effective reorganization of the local civil administration and assisted materially in the rehabilitation of the Netherlands economy."
    Details:
    Royal decree no.2
    Grootofficier in de Orde van Oranje Nassau (ON.2)
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Lieutenant-General
    Unit:
    II Canadian Corps, First Canadian Army, 21st Army Group, British Army
    Awarded on:
    April 7th, 1945
    Order Wojenny Virtuti Militari - Krzyz Srebrny
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Lieutenant-General
    Unit:
    II Canadian Corps, First Canadian Army, 21st Army Group, British Army
    Awarded on:
    March 30th, 1946
    Legion of Merit - Commander (LoM - C)
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Lieutenant-General
    Unit:
    II Canadian Corps, First Canadian Army, 21st Army Group, British Army
    Awarded on:
    April 4th, 1946
    Action:
    "In recognition of gallant and distinguished services in North West Europe."
    Mentioned in Despatches
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Lieutenant-General
    Unit:
    II Canadian Corps, First Canadian Army, 21st Army Group, British Army
    Awarded on:
    January 16th, 1947
    Details:
    With palm
    Commandeur in de Leopoldsorde / Commandeur de l'Ordre de Léopold
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Lieutenant-General
    Unit:
    II Canadian Corps, First Canadian Army, 21st Army Group, British Army
    Awarded on:
    January 16th, 1947
    Details:
    With palm
    Croix de Guerre 1940

    Sources

    Photo