Pelchen, Walter Karl

    Date of birth:
    May 13th, 1905 (Oppeln, Germany (now Poland))
    Date of death:
    September 29th, 1984 (Feldkirchen, Austria)
    Nationality:
    German (1933-1945, German Reich)

    Biography

    Walter Pelchen was born on May 13th 1905 in Oppeln that was then in Upper Silesia, what lies in Poland today. He followed high school (Gymnasium) in Gleiwitz. From May 1921 until October 1922 he was part of the paramilitary group called the “Freikorps” who fought against the Polish forces in Upper Silesia during the formation of Poland. After that he went back to school to finish the Gymnasium.
    On September 30th 1921 he received the Schlesisches Bewährungsabzeichen ( Schlesischer Adler ) 1. und 2 Klasse.
    On April 19th 1926 he volunteered for the Officers course with the “Deutsche Schutzpolizei”. This force was formed as a paramilitary organisation because the Germans were not allowed to have more than 100.000 soldiers. In 1929 he became a Leutnant and Oberleutnant in 1933. In 1936 he was incorporated in the newly formed German Wehrmacht. On August 1st 1937 he became a Hauptmann with the Cavalry. He Fought in Poland, France and on the Eastern Front. During the fighting’s in Stalingrad he commanded a Regiment with the 6.Armee. He was wounded in January 1942. After his recovery he served on the Eastern Front until the end of the war. In 1941 he was promoted to Major, on February 1st 1943 to Oberstleutnant and to Oberst on October 1st 1943.
    After the war he became a Forestry farmer in Carinthia, Austria. He died on September 29th 1984 in Feldkirchen in Austria

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    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    March 20th, 1940
    Deutsches Schutzwall-Ehrenzeichen
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    June 20th, 1940
    Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    September 16th, 1940
    Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    August 12th, 1941
    Verwundetenabzeichen 1939 in Schwarz
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    September 4th, 1942
    Infanterie-Sturmabzeichen
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    September 15th, 1942
    Medaille
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Awarded on:
    July 2nd, 1943
    Nahkampfspange in Bronze
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Oberstleutnant
    Unit:
    Grenadier-Regiment 453
    Awarded on:
    November 21st, 1943
    Deutsches Kreuz in Gold

    Sources

    • Photo 1: Nikolaus Mohrenschildt
    • Photo: Nikolaus Mohrenschildt
    • - Die Ordensträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht
      - Family papers

    Photo