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Kleist, von, Paul Ludwig Ewald

Date of birth:
August 8th, 1881 (Braunfels an der Lahn/Rhineprovince, Germany)
Date of death:
October 16th, 1954 (POW-camp Vladimirovka-Vladimir/Vladimir Oblast, Russia)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, Third Reich)

Biography

Ewald von Kleist was releaved from duties on 30th March 1944. He went into US Captivity in Mitterfels near Krenzkirchen. After having stayed in POW camp Tren Parc in England het was transferred to Yugoslavia to stand trial in a Belgrade Warcrimes tribunal from 25th April 1945 until 31st August 1946. He was condemned to 15 years imprisonment for alleged War Crimes. He stayed in Yugoslavia until he was transferred to the Soviet Union in 1948. Here he was sentenced to life imprisonment and stayed in thirtie different camps until he died in imprisonment on 16th October 1954.

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht 4.Klasse, 4 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht  3.Klasse, 12 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht  2. Klasse, 18 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht  1.Klasse, 25 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
September 17th, 1939
Had already received the Iron Cross 2nd Class on 4th October 1914.
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 2er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General der Panzer
Unit:
XXII.Armeekorps
Awarded on:
September 27th, 1939
Had already received the Iron Cross 1st Class on 27th January 1915.
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 1er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General der Kavallerie
Unit:
Kommandierender General XXII.Armeekorps (PzGruppe "Kleist")
Awarded on:
May 15th, 1940
Awarded for the outstanding leadership of his Korps during the Polish campaign. In this time its breakthrough on the southern wing via Tarnow-Tomaszow up until getting to a point east of Lublin was particularly noteworthy.
15th Award.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
April 10th, 1941
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
April 13th, 1941
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
May 13th, 1941
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
August 26th, 1941
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
August 27th, 1941
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 11th, 1941
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 12th, 1941
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
November 22nd, 1941
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generaloberst
Unit:
Oberbefehlshaber Panzergruppe 1 / Heeresgruppe Süd
Awarded on:
February 17th, 1942
Awarded for his successes as the commander of Panzergruppe 1. He distinguished himself through the capture of Belgrade on the 12.04.1941, the occupation of the Ukraine and his major contribution towards the encirclement of Soviet forces at Kiev.
72nd Award
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
May 30th, 1942
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
July 16th, 1942
Ordinul Mihai Viteazul Clasa 3
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
July 30th, 1942
Ordine Militare di Savoia -Commander
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generaloberst
Unit:
Kommandeur 1.Panzerarmee
Awarded on:
October 6th, 1942
Royal Decree no. 3034 dated 6 October 1942.
Ordinul Mihai Viteazul Clasa 2
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generaloberst
Unit:
Kommandeur 1.Panzerarmee
Awarded on:
October 6th, 1942
Royal Decree no. 3034 dated 6 October 1942.
Ordinul Mihai Viteazul Clasa 1
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
August 19th, 1943
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 9th, 1943
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generalfeldmarschall
Unit:
Oberbefehlshaber Heeresgruppe A
Awarded on:
March 30th, 1944
Awarded for his achievements as commander of Heeresgruppe A. Special mention was given for conducting its skillful retreat from the Caucasus as well his performance during the heavy fighting between the Donez, Dnieper and Dniester rivers.
60th Award
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern

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