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Kleist, von, Paul Ludwig Ewald

Date of birth:
August 8th, 1881 (Braunfels an der Lahn/Rhineprovince, Germany)
Date of death:
October 16th, 1954 (POW-camp Vladimirovka-Vladimir/Vladimir Oblast, Russia)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, German Reich)

Biography

Ewald von Kleist was releaved from duties on 30th March 1944. He went into US Captivity in Mitterfels near Krenzkirchen. After having stayed in POW camp Tren Parc in England het was transferred to Yugoslavia to stand trial in a Belgrade Warcrimes tribunal from 25th April 1945 until 31st August 1946. He was condemned to 15 years imprisonment for alleged War Crimes. He stayed in Yugoslavia until he was transferred to the Soviet Union in 1948. Here he was sentenced to life imprisonment and stayed in thirtie different camps until he died in imprisonment on 16th October 1954.

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht 4.Klasse, 4 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht  3.Klasse, 12 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht  2. Klasse, 18 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 2nd, 1936
Dienstauszeichnung der Wehrmacht  1.Klasse, 25 Jahre
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
September 17th, 1939
Details:
Had already received the Iron Cross 2nd Class on 4th October 1914.
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 2er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General der Panzer
Unit:
XXII.Armeekorps
Awarded on:
September 27th, 1939
Details:
Had already received the Iron Cross 1st Class on 27th January 1915.
1939 Spange zum Eisernen Kreuzes 1er Klasse 1914
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
General der Kavallerie
Unit:
Kommandierender General XXII.Armeekorps (PzGruppe "Kleist")
Awarded on:
May 15th, 1940
Details:
15th Award.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
April 10th, 1941
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
April 13th, 1941
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
May 13th, 1941
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
August 26th, 1941
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
August 27th, 1941
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 11th, 1941
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 12th, 1941
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
November 22nd, 1941
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generaloberst
Unit:
Oberbefehlshaber Panzergruppe 1 / Heeresgruppe Süd
Awarded on:
February 17th, 1942
Details:
72nd Award
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
May 30th, 1942
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
July 16th, 1942
Ordinul Mihai Viteazul Clasa 3
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
July 30th, 1942
Ordine Militare di Savoia -Commander
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generaloberst
Unit:
Kommandeur 1.Panzerarmee
Awarded on:
October 6th, 1942
Details:
Royal Decree no. 3034 dated 6 October 1942.
Ordinul Mihai Viteazul Clasa 2
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generaloberst
Unit:
Kommandeur 1.Panzerarmee
Awarded on:
October 6th, 1942
Details:
Royal Decree no. 3034 dated 6 October 1942.
Ordinul Mihai Viteazul Clasa 1
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
August 19th, 1943
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
October 9th, 1943
Wehrmachtbericht
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Generalfeldmarschall
Unit:
Oberbefehlshaber Heeresgruppe A
Awarded on:
March 30th, 1944
Details:
60th Award
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern

Sources

  • Photo 1: Wilco Vermeer
  • Photo: Wilco Vermeer, Netherlands
  • - Kwasny A., Kwasny G., Die Eichenlaubträger 1940-1945 (CD), Deutsches Wehrkundearchiv, Lage-Waddenhausen, 2001
    - Fellgiebel W-P, Elite of the Third Reich, The recipients of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross 1939-45, Helion & Company Limited, Solihull, 2003, ISBN 1-874622-46-9
    - Ritterkreuz Archiv II/2009, Veit Scherzer, Ranis, Juni 2009, ISSN 1866-4709
    - Ritterkreuztraeger 1939 - 1945
    - Romanian Armed Forces in the Second World War

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