Usedom, von, Horst

Date of birth:
March 9th, 1906 (Celle/Province of Hanover, Germany)
Date of death:
October 14th, 1970 (München/Bavaria, Germany)
Nationality:
German (1933-1945, German Reich)

Biography

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Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
September 22nd, 1939
Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Awarded on:
May 30th, 1940
Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Major
Unit:
Kommandeur Kradschutzen Batallion 61 / 11. Panzer-Division / 4. Panzergruppe / Heeresgruppe Mitte
Awarded on:
December 31st, 1941
Action:
While leading the advance of the Vorausabteilung of his division von Usedom encountered a numerically superior Soviet force on the retreat. He was able to exploit the element of surprise and smashed through this group, with the objective of the river crossings just beyond. The road bridge proved too damaged to be of use, but von Usedom was able to reroute his forces to the south and they succeeded in seizing the railroad bridge there intact. They were then able to establish a bridgehead over the river. By this von Usedom and his battalion played a key role in facilitating the rapid advance of Kampfgruppe Angern and their subsequent penetration of the Stalin Line. He was thus awarded the Knight's Cross.
Details:
774th Awarded.
Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst (Colonel)
Unit:
Kommandeur Panzergrenadier-Regiment 108 / 14. Panzerdivision
Awarded on:
January 29th, 1945
Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
Period:
Second World War (1939-1945)
Rank:
Oberst (Colonel)
Unit:
Kommandeur Panzer Brigade "Kurland" / 81. Infanterie-Division / 16. Armee / Heeresgruppe Kurland
Awarded on:
March 28th, 1945
Action:
During the fighting at the Kurland pocket the Soviets launched an attack aimed towards Tuckum with four rifle divisions, and succeeded in breaking through the German line. Von Usedom and his Panzer Brigade were ordered to counterattack this thrust and succeeding in retaking the old German line. In the process they destroyed or captured 3 assault guns, 28 infantry guns and 114 anti-tank guns. The Soviets also lost 216 prisoners and 445 dead.
Details:
809th Awarded.
Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub

Sources

  • - THOMAS, FRANZ & WEGMANN, GÜNTER, Die Eichenlaubträger 1940-1945, Biblio-Verlag, 1998.
    - Die Ordensträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht
    - Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer, Elite of the Third Reich - The Recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939-45: A Reference, Helion & Company Limited, England, 2003
    - Federl, C., Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Panzerdivisionen 1939-1945, VDM Heinz Nickel, Zweibrücken, Germany, 2000
    - Haupt, W., Die 81. Infanterie-Division – Geschichte einer schlesischen Division, Nebel Verlag GmbH, Eggolsheim, Deutschland, 2006