Groenewoud, Jacobus

    Date of birth:
    November 8th, 1916 (Amsterdam/Noord-Holland, Netherlands)
    Date of death:
    September 23rd, 1944 (Arnhem/Gelderland, Netherlands)
    Buried on:
    Dutch War Graves Commonwealth War Cemetery Arnhem Oosterbeek
    Plot: XX. Row: B. Grave: 12.
    Nationality:
    Dutch (1815-present, Kingdom)

    Biography

    Captain Jacobus Groenwoud was killed when he volunteered to break the lines to search for help.

    Promotions:
    August 1942: Tijdelijk tweede luitenant (temporary 2nd Lt)
    5 August 1943: Tweede luitenant (2nd Lt)
    January 1944: Eerste luitenant (1st Lt)
    11 september 1944: Reserve-kapitein (reserve Capt)

    Units:
    1941: Prinses Irene Brigade
    1941: Cursus voor reserveofficier
    Augustus 1942: The Black Watch of Canada
    December 1942: Infantry officers school
    January 1944: 18th Welch Regiment
    1944: Jedburgh team ‘Claude’

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    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Reserve-Kapitein (Captain of Reserves)
    Unit:
    Jedburgh Team "Claude", 1st Airborne Division, Army Air Corps, British Army
    Awarded on:
    1944
    Period:
    Second World War (1939-1945)
    Rank:
    Reserve-Kapitein (Captain of Reserves)
    Unit:
    Jedburgh Team "Claude", 1st Airborne Division, I Airborne Corps, First Allied Airborne Army
    Awarded on:
    July 27th, 1945
    Awarded for:
    Operation Market Garden
    Action:
    Recommendation:
    For having displayed great courage and tact during the landing at Arnhem on September 17, 1944 as commander of a section of infantry by sneaking into a German headquarters and stealing some highly important documents, including the demolition plan for the port of Rotterdam.
    On his return, and being cut off from the main force along with some British troops, volunteering to try and penetrate the strong front line in order to restore the interrupted communication. He was killed during this effort.
    Details:
    Royal decree no.30: posthumously
    Ridder vierde klasse der Militaire Willems Orde (MWO.4)

    Sources

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